E - e

-e1   [e]  . Cooccurrence: only occurs in a sentence containing one of the Imperative suffixes. Verb. Explanatory: forms a subordinate adverbial clause that explains or gives the reason for a command.

-e2   [e]  -e·.

-ecʼ   [ecʼ]  -ed.

-ed   [ed]   Cooccurrence: following /c/. Variant: -ecʼ. Verb. Durative. synonyms: -ad1, -wad2, -uced, -med, -id, -cid, -uwad.

-el   [el]   1 • Noun. Objective: changes verb to noun; employed when the noun clause is an object of the larger sentence or is in an object relation with a locative enclitic.

2 • Verb. REL.obj.

3 • Adposition. POSS.

-ela   [ela]  Variant: -wela. Verb. Performative Incomplete: the speakers knows that what he is saying is true because he is or was performing the action himself.

-em1   [em]  Variant: -wem. Cooccurrence: added only to imperfective verbs. Verb. Different-Subject Simultaneous: the action denoted by the verb is simultaneous with that of the main verb, but they have different Agents; "while, whenever".

-em2   [em]  Variant: -en. Cooccurrence: can follow Evidentials and Modals, as well as the Singular Imperative /-i/ and the Performative Intentive /-te/; accompanied by rising intonation /ˇ/. Responsive: employed when the utterance is in response to something said by the one(s) spoken to, whether question, statement, or other comment; not used when the utterance is spontaneous or stimulated solely by the action being described.

-em3   [em]   Variant: -emu. Verb. 1 • Subjective: changes verb to noun; employed when the noun clause is the subject of the larger sentence.

2 • REL.subj.

-emu   [emu]  -em3.

-eti   [eti]  Variant: -weti. Verb. Concessive: "although, even though"; different Agent from the main verb [?]

-e·   [e·]  Variant: -we·. Variant: -e. Verb. Non-Final Verb: occurs whenever a main verb which would otherwise end in an Evidential or Modal suffix is not final in the sentence.