V2 vs. non-V2 clauses

In order to calculate the rate of V2, we need to find the V2 clauses in the corpus as well as the clauses that might have been V2, but aren't. For the purposes of the workshop, we will be focusing on clauses with fronted direct objects.

#### V2 clauses

In order to find the V2 clauses, we need to impose a relation of immediate precedence between the direct object and the finite head. Without the immediate precedence relation, the clause wouldn't be V2. On the other hand, the relation between the finite head and the subject can be ordinary precedence. Thus, both of the sentences in (1) are V2, not just (1a).

 1 2 3 4 (1) a. The Prechoures order began Seynt Dominicus in Tholous ... b. The Prechoures order began in Tholous Seynt Dominicus ...

#### Corresponding non-V2 clauses

In order to find the clauses that might have been V2, but aren't, we need to find clauses with a fronted direct object, but where the subject precedes the finite head rather than following it. There are no further requirements. In particular, the direct object doesn't need to immediately precede the subject; ordinary precedence will do. Here are some examples of non-V2 clauses corresponding to the V2 clauses in (1).

 1 2 3 4 (2) a. The Prechoures order Seynt Dominicus began in Tholous ... b. The Prechoures order in Tholous began Seynt Dominicus ... c. The Prechoures order in Tholous Seynt Dominicus began ...