Linguistics 001 Fall 2019 Homework 4 Due Fri 10/18
1. Write the first four lines of Emily Dickinson's poem "Tell All the Truth, But Tell it Slant" in IPA using the system discussed in the lecture on English pronunciation. These days, most standard word processing programs should be able to deal with IPA characters in the standard UTF-8 Unicode encoding, which is what you'll get by cutting and pasting from this interactive application for creating IPA strings (or this one).
Assume careful "dictionary" pronunciation of each word, using "standard" modern American pronunciations (even though the poem's author assumed the pronunciation norms of 19th-century New England).
Give a transcription in IPA of these two different pronunciations of the word.
In the lecture on sociolinguistics, we'll take up the connections among class, gender, formality and dialect that this passage expresses. Your task today is simpler: just figure out how to spell Gamble's pronunciation of the phrase I said "dawg" from the passage quoted above, in the IPA symbols.
You can assume that the consonants are basically spelled in IPA as they are in standard English orthography (in these three words -- don't assume this in part 1 of this homework!). Thus the result will be something of the form:
where each V is replaced by some IPA vowel or vowel sequence.
Extra credit: Rogers discusses a distinction between dawgs and dogs -- does he actually pronounce these two "words" differently? If so, what's the difference? How can you tell?
It will help you to save the audio samples on your computer, and to use a computer program that allows you to select a short segment and listen to it over and over again carefully, or perhaps to analyze it in other ways. To save a linked file to your computer, use right-click>>Save link as... (Windows) or control-click>>Save link as... (Mac OS X).
Your TA may demonstrate the use of this software in your section meeting.
A number of IPA tutorials are available on the web -- you may find some of them useful (though at least in this course, the lessons in "Ingenuity Pathway Analysis", "iPhone Applications", and other interpretations of the three letters IPA, will probably NOT be helpful...).