Linguistics 001 Fall 2011 Homework 3 Due We 10/5
1. Pick any four consecutive lines from a favorite poem, and write them using the system discussed in the lecture on English pronunciation. These days, most standard word processing programs should be able to deal with IPA characters in the standard UTF-8 Unicode encoding, which is what you'll get by cutting and pasting from this interactive application for creating IPA strings.
Assume careful "dictionary" pronunciation of each word. You can use American pronunciations even if the poem's author clearly assumes British norms of pronunciation. If you decide to use British norms, make it clear that you're doing so.
Try to pick lines whose words you know, or use a dictionary to find the pronunciation of any words that you are not sure of.
2. Here is a link to an audio clip of a native of Glasgow starting a story about visiting his old school. A transcript in standard English orthography would be something like
Use the IPA to transcribe the last two lines of this passage.
In the lecture on sociolinguistics, we'll take up the connections among class, gender, formality and dialect that this passage expresses. Your task today is simpler: just figure out how to spell Gamble's pronunciation of the phrase I said "dawg" from the passage quoted above, in the symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Here is a higher-fidelity copy you can use for careful listening.
You can assume that the consonants are basically spelled in IPA as they are in English (in these three words -- don't assume this in part 1 of this homework!). Thus the result will be something of the form:
where each V is replaced by some IPA vowel or vowel sequence.
It may help you to save the audio samples on your computer, and to use a computer program that allows you to select a short segment and listen to it over and over again carefully. Some easy-to-use free software of this kind that we can recommend: