Fick, Falk and Torp (1909)

Available here are scanned images and corrected text of Wörterbuch der Indogermanischen Sprachen: Dritter Teil: Wortschatz der Germanischen Spracheinheit (Dictionary of the Indo-European Languages: Third Part: Vocabulary of the Germanic Language Unity) by August Fick with contributions by Hjalmar Falk, entirely revised by Alf Torp in 1909.

The book is a dictionary of reconstructed Proto-Germanic, organized by reconstructed lemmata, with each entry including the attested reflexes in the daughter Germanic languages, as well as cognates in the other Indo-European branches.

The entries are listed in Sanskrit alphabetical order, adapted for the Proto-Germanic segmental inventory (A, E Ê, I Î, Ô, U Û, K, H, G, T, Þ, D, P, F, B, N, M, J, R, L, V, S). The reconstructions are entirely out of date, and there are of course no cognates listed for the Tocharian or Anatolian branches, which had not yet been rediscovered in 1909. The main value of the text is in its orderly listing of Germanic cognate sets.

This project reached a major milestone in April 2003 with completion of hand corrections of the entire text.

The next task is to incorporate the errata section into the main body of the text. Further, there are also roughly 230 unresolved items where there was an apparent error in the original text or where the correct form of the text could not immediately be determined (e.g. because of an ink smudge on the page); these items have been denoted in the XML document, and for for some of these items, research will be necessary. The longer-term, major task will be to parse the text and create a rich, graph-based markup which encodes the etymological and morphological relations between words in a machine-readable manner.

Project history:

Corrections

Please send additional corrections to me. Although a pass of hand-correction has been made on the entire text, it is extremely unlikely that every error has been caught.

Introductory pages

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1 1 First title page
2 2 Second title page

Main text

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1 1 â - aihti
2 2 aig - aida
3 3 aisô(n) - ailda
4 4 aiva - (au)
5 5 auþa - augian
6 6 aud - austrô(n)
7 7 ausan - ahiz
8 8 agidô - ahtô
9 9 ahvô - at

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10 10 at(i)-gaiza - andan
11 11 an - anh
12 12 anhula - angra
13 13 anþara - andî
14 14 ann - apaldra
15 15 af - abnian
16 16 abra - amsa
17 17 ar - ardi
18 18 arma - arhvô
19 19 arga - arvait

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20 20 arsa - alla
21 21 ala - albî
22 22 albat - asani
23 23 aska - egila
24 24 et - êdrî
25 25 en - erki
26 26 erkna - elva
27 27 es - ik-verna(n)
28 28 îhva - ôfra
29 29 ôba - un-

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30 30 unkvi - undurni
31 31 ûp - ubila
32 32 ubisvô - usjôn
33 33 ustr(i)a - kêka
34 34 kap - ken
35 35 kunja - kunnan
36 36 kannian - kenk
37 37 keng - kamba
38 38 kambian - kar(a)ta
39 39 karô - kar

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40 40 kar - kôla
41 41 kula - kelt
42 42 kelþîn - ki
43 43 kîman - kip
44 44 kippa - kôda
45 45 kônia - kavara
46 46 keula - kut-
47 47 kuta - kuban
48 48 kumba - kn&schwa;
49 49 knag - knik

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50 50 knib - knûba
51 51 knus - kredô
52 52 krenk - krem
53 53 kramma - kru
54 54 kru - krup
55 55 krupila - klêt
56 56 klenta - klêftrô
57 57 klaban - klaima
58 58 klaiva - klevan
59 59 klut - kveþ

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60 60 kveþu - kveb
61 61 kvabbô - kverru
62 62 kvel - kvastu
63 63 kvi - hai
64 64 haiha - hainô
65 65 haifti - hau
66 66 hauja - hakan
67 67 hankô - hag
68 68 hag - hatiz
69 69 hêta - hônaz

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70 70 hanapa - hunþi
71 71 handu - hafjan
72 72 haba - habêni
73 73 habuda - hamala
74 74 ham - hamfa
75 75 her 1 - her 5
76 76 hrenþiz - haraþa
77 77 haruga - herþra
78 78 harsta - harpôn
79 79 herb - hurska

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80 80 hers - hel(a)vô
81 81 helva - helþa
82 82 hulma(n) - halþa
83 83 hulþa - hêli(a)
84 84 hihlôn - hald
85 85 haldo - helma
86 86 hallu - hasp(i)ô
87 87 hasva - haima
88 88 hîþa - hivia
89 89 hihurô - hîtô

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90 90 hitt - hu
91 91 huk - hut
92 92 huþ - hûna
93 93 huna(n)ga - hupi
94 94 huppôn - haupa
95 95 heupan - hulandra
96 96 hulisa - ga-hnaista(n)
97 97 hnakka(n) - knaskvu
98 98 hnella - hnit
99 99 hnip - knuk

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100 100 hnuki - hnus
101 101 hraina - hrêdan
102 102 hraþa - hrap
103 103 hrepaz - hremp
104 104 hrem(m) - hriþ
105 105 hrîpô - hrôka
106 106 hrôta - hru
107 107 hru - hrut
108 108 hrud - hrusôn
109 109 hrus - hlaupan

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110 110 hlaupa - hlanka
111 111 hlenka - hlîduma
112 112 hlîþrô - hlûda
113 113 hlut - hleuza
114 114 hva - hvek
115 115 hvat - hvamma
116 116 hvera - hvehvula
117 117 hvalaz - hvîlô
118 118 hvi - hvôstôn
119 119 ga - gagana

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120 120 gag(a)njan - gaizla
121 121 gaisila - gaunôn
122 122 gaura - gagula
123 123 get - gadma
124 124 gôda - ganhti
125 125 ganatan - geb
126 126 gebô - gam
127 127 gamala - ger
128 128 gera - garviôn
129 129 gura - garbô

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130 130 gers - gel
131 131 gel - geld
132 132 gelda - gazda
133 133 gez - gailô
134 134 givô - gis
135 135 gaisnia - gug
136 136 gug - gub
137 137 gaupanô - gnatta
138 138 gnit - granô
139 139 granô - grêd

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140 140 grada - grab
141 141 grabô - grab
142 142 gramsta - grêva
143 143 grasa - grîman
144 144 grid - gru
145 145 greuna - grûti
146 146 gruni - glê
147 147 glat - glêza
148 148 gli - glip
149 149 glis - glûrian

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150 150 glut - tadôn
151 151 tai - tak
152 152 tah - tangra
153 153 tagga - tegu
154 154 tahru - tandian
155 155 tandran - tam
156 156 tama - turda
157 157 turna - terh
158 158 turhta - tala
159 159 talôn - telg

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160 160 telga(n) - tîdi
161 161 tîman - têria
162 162 tîva - tikkian
163 163 tih - titt-
164 164 titrôn - tôma
165 165 tômian - tavên
166 166 taujan - tugôn
167 167 tugila - tut
168 168 tûna - tuz-
169 169 trek - tred

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170 170 tradô - tras
171 171 tru - trûkôn
172 172 trug - tvi-
173 173 tv&i-long-short;ha - tviznôn
174 174 tviska - þana
175 175 þana - þak
176 176 þek - þeh
177 177 þegna - þehs
178 178 þahsu - þunarôn
179 179 þank - þenh

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180 180 þenhvô - þenstra
181 181 þemb - þer
182 182 þarma - þerb
183 183 þerba - þela
184 184 þeljôn - þiþura
185 185 þinh - þulla
186 186 þûs-(h)undî - þut
187 187 þunara - þurpa
188 188 þurên - þus
189 189 þusta - þrêhs

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190 190 þrêg - þrepa
191 191 þreb - þrês
192 192 þresk - þridjan
193 193 þris - þru
194 194 þruh - þrauta
195 195 þrautian - þlauh
196 196 þvah - þver
197 197 þvarôn - dê
198 198 dêdi - dau
199 199 dauþa - denara

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200 200 dengv - dab
201 201 dab - damma
202 202 der - draba
203 203 drôb(i)a - dulþan
204 204 dulþi - di
205 205 dîjôn - digula
206 206 daiga - du
207 207 dûjan - dug
208 208 dug - dup
209 209 deupa - dauba

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210 210 dub - drag
211 211 drahtu - drenk
212 212 drunkana - dru
213 213 drauma - dreuga
214 214 druhti - drus
215 215 drûsên - dvala
216 216 dvalma - dusjô
217 217 deuza - paþa
218 218 penna - pôla
219 219 puk - put

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220 220
221 221 prag - plehti
222 222 plôga - plata
223 223 palta - faigia
224 224 faima - feh
225 225 fêha - feta
226 226 fetî - feþrô
227 227 feþria - fenk
228 228 fengra - femftan
229 229 femti - farjôn

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230 230 fôrian - fersti
231 231 feri - furî
232 232 furiz - frama
233 233 framaþja - fres-(s)ta
234 234 farha - fersnô
235 235 farza(n) - felma
236 236 fella - fel
237 237 felþa - falgô
238 238 felt - fall
239 239 falla - fasta

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240 240 faznô - fih
241 241 faiha - finki
242 242 finnô - fauska
243 243 fu - funhsti
244 244 fundôn - fnês
245 245 fnus - freh
246 246 frehti - fri
247 247 friþu - frîhals
248 248 friska - frus
249 249 fla - flaka

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250 250 flekka - fleh
251 251 flahto - fleþrôn
252 252 flas - flit
253 253 flîta - flavjan
254 254 flôvên - fleugôn
255 255 flut - ba
256 256 ba - bandvôn
257 257 bônian - bagma
258 258 bat - badja
259 259 badvô - bansa

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260 260 babalôn - bêrja
261 261 buri - burôn
262 262 burda - burda
263 263 ber - brêþi
264 264 brôjan - berhta
265 265 berg - barza
266 266 burstô - bulau
267 267 ballu - balku
268 268 belg - balva
269 269 basan - bîþla

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270 270 bi - bidian
271 271 bidôn - bôkô
272 272 bôka-staba - bôpla
273 273 bûra - bugan
274 274 bauga - buda
275 275 budan - burstô
276 276 bul - buska
277 277 braida - brakan
278 278 brak - bregdila
279 279 brêvô - breman

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280 280 brema - brôþer
281 281 brôvô - brut
282 282 brutjan - brus
283 283 breusta - blôdi
284 284 blôma - blanka
285 285 blahôn - blasa
286 286 bli - blig
287 287 blîga - bleuga
288 288 bluh - nau
289 289 nau - nêhva

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290 290 nêhvên - nagla
291 291 naglian - nadra
292 292 nenþ - nêpan
293 293 nôpi - nêmia
294 294 nem - ner
295 295 ner - nas
296 296 nasja - ni
297 297 niþra - nîþa
298 298 nîþian - nauþi
299 299 naudi-þurfti - nutjô

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300 300 nauta - mais
301 301 mê - maiþa
302 302 mainô - maura
303 303 mak - mag
304 304 mahti - met
305 305 meta - maþ
306 306 maþan - madarôn
307 307 medja - mana(n)
308 308 manniska - manja
309 309 mankan - mandula

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310 310 menþ - marôn
311 311 marva - murþa
312 312 murþian - marka
313 313 markôn - merz
314 314 mel - muldô
315 315 muljan - meluk
316 316 melhta - melt
317 317 malta - mas
318 318 mês - mazga
319 319 mi - mig

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320 320 mihstu - maiþma
321 321 (ga-)maida - misk
322 322 maiska - môta
323 323 môtian - mu
324 324 mûla(n) - muk
325 325 muk - mug
326 326 mut - murmur-
327 327 muvî - ja
328 328 ja - jehvula
329 329 jagôn - jut

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330 330 jus - juk
331 331 jun - rê
332 332 raiha - rakôn
333 333 rek - rehta
334 334 rehtian - reh
335 335 rahô - regana
336 336 regnian - rêd
337 337 rêda - rafa
338 338 rafisjan - reb
339 339 rem - rêmi

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340 340 remp - razdô
341 341 raska - rîþa
342 342 raimôn - rih
343 343 raigian - rid
344 344 raidô - rîpô
345 345 rîba - raisian
346 346 raisô - rôka
347 347 rôkian - rôb(i)ôn
348 348 ru - garûnan
349 349 rûnên - rukka(n)

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350 350 rukka - rut
351 351 rut - rud
352 352 ruda - raubian
353 353 rûma - rauskia
354 354 rausti - laik
355 355 laika - leuskan
356 356 lak - lêkia
357 357 lah - leg
358 358 laga - lagu
359 359 lêt - laþ-

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360 360 leþra - langa
361 361 langa-vrêkia - lanþra
362 362 landa - lab
363 363 lappan - lambaz
364 364 lerta - lîþu
365 365 li - liþu
366 366 liþuga - lîka
367 367 lihv - liþ
368 368 lida - libarô
369 369 labiô - laizian

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370 370 lîstôn - lavvô
371 371 lu - luk
372 372 luka - leuhad
373 373 leuhtian - lugja
374 374 laugnô - luþan
375 375 l&u-long-short;þrô - luppôn
376 376 lub 1 - lub 3
377 377 luftu - lausa
378 378 lausian - venda
379 379 venþian - vaida

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380 380 vaisundî - vôkra
381 381 vek - vehti
382 382 vahs - vehti
383 383 vegja - vag-
384 384 vagansan - vaskan
385 385 vetman - vada
386 386 ved - ven
387 387 veni - vênian
388 388 vunên - vunda
389 389 vanesiu - vanga

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390 390 vangan - vandian
391 391 vantu - vabja
392 392 vabjan - ver
393 393 vara - varnô
394 394 varnôn - ver
395 395 varuþa - verk
396 396 verka - varga
397 397 vargila - verþ
398 398 -verþa - verz
399 399 versis - velô

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400 400 veljan - valu
401 401 valvian - vulþu
402 402 vel - vulkana
403 403 valha - velþia
404 404 vald - vastiô
405 405 ves - vestanô
406 406 vi - vajju
407 407 vîian - vaikian
408 408 vih - vîha
409 409 vîhian - vitên

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410 410 vitaga - vîsôn
411 411 viþ - vîsan
412 412 vaissan - ver-aldi
413 413 vîla - viska
414 414 vôþ - vunda
415 415 vundra - vrek
416 416 vraka - vreng
417 417 vranga - vrigôn
418 418 vrîhan - vristu
419 419 vraistian - vlet

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420 420 vlanka - sa
421 421 sai - sêdi
422 422 sêman - saivalô
423 423 sak - sah
424 424 sahti - sag(v)ja
425 425 sehv - sag
426 426 sagô(n) - seta
427 427 setra - sêtia
428 428 sôta - senkv
429 429 sankvian - sanþ-

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430 430 sanþa - sanda
431 431 sendra - sebundi
432 432 sebjô - sama
433 433 sama-kunja - samþia
434 434 sômia - ser
435 435 sarva - salaz
436 436 saliþvô - salt
437 437 sultiô - sîman
438 438 saiþa - sîþiz
439 439 sîda - s&i-long-short;hvôn

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440 440 saiga - sil
441 441 sîlô - sûdô
442 442 seuda - seuka
443 443 seuhsla - sunda
444 444 sundiô - sup
445 445 supi - sumara
446 446 sûra - suz
447 447 sauza - skekkan
448 448 skah - skatta
449 449 skaþ - skenþa

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450 450 skenk - skapa
451 451 skapôn - skab
452 452 skabô - skandian
453 453 skemp - skarjan
454 454 skara(n) - skurô
455 455 skurdi - skert
456 456 skarda - skerb
457 457 skarba - skerza
458 458 skel - skallan
459 459 skallan - skulda

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460 460 skuldi - skelha
461 461 skald - ski
462 462 skîô - ski
463 463 skîan - skîda
464 464 skaiþô - skîbôn
465 465 skif - sku(v)van
466 466 skuvvian - skûrô
467 467 sku - skut
468 468 skuta - skud
469 469 skud - skupa

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470 470 skufta - skurôn
471 471 skurta - skr&e-long-short;k
472 472 skrekk - skratta
473 473 skrêd - skrenþ
474 474 skrep - skri
475 475 skrik - skruþ
476 476 skrud - skvent
477 477 skvel - staþa(n)
478 478 staþan - stôdia
479 479 stôda - stekan

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480 480 stakka - steg
481 481 staþan - steng
482 482 stangô - stôpan
483 483 stab - stam(m)ian
484 484 stômia - stemb
485 485 ster - stara
486 486 sturnan - starku
487 487 sturka - stalla
488 488 stullan - stalman
489 489 stel - sti

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490 490 stîma - stik
491 491 stiki - stigan
492 492 staigô - stifta
493 493 stiftôn - staura
494 494 steurian - stug
495 495 stut - stuttian
496 496 stub - staupa
497 497 staupa - strakkian
498 498 streh - strangi
499 499 strent - stremb

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500 500 strêla - strik
501 501 striki - strôdu
502 502 stru - strauma
503 503 struk - strûtôn
504 504 strutô - strup
505 505 stver - spêdia
506 506 spek - spatt
507 507 spadan - spanna
508 508 spen - sper
509 509 spura - spurnian

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510 510 sper - sparvan
511 511 spel - spell
512 512 spella - spika
513 513 spiha - spûtôn
514 514 spai(s)kuldra - spurdi
515 515 sprek - sprakan
516 516 sprêkia - sprent
517 517 sprêv - sprut
518 518 spruta(n) - snêka
519 519 snak - snat

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520 520 snad - snerk
521 521 snerh - snerr
522 522 snel - snaisô
523 523 snip - snu
524 524 sneumia - snauþia
525 525 snuþ - snus
526 526 snuzô - smat
527 527 smer - smert
528 528 smel - smelt
529 529 smelta - smairia

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530 530 smik - smiþ
531 531 smu - smug
532 532 smukka - slaiva
533 533 slek - slahta
534 534 slaga - slah
535 535 slatt - slenk
536 536 slanka - slend
537 537 slêp - slemp
538 538 slemba - slit
539 539 slita - slôga

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540 540 slôdô - sluk
541 541 slik - slut
542 542 sluþ - slurka
543 543 sv&e-long-short; - svaina
544 544 svehra - svê
545 545 svaþa - sveg
546 546 svagila - svenk
547 547 sveng - svend
548 548 svap - sunda
549 549 svampu - sver

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550 550 svêra - sverb
551 551 svel 1 - svel 3
552 552 svelh - svalvôn
553 553 svi - svik
554 554 svikna - svaitian
555 555 svitula - svib
556 556 svib - svôtu
557 557 Additions and corrections
558 558 Additions and corrections
559 559 Additions and corrections

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560 560 Additions and corrections
561 561 Additions and corrections
562 562 Additions and corrections
563 563 Additions and corrections
564 564 Additions and corrections
565 565 Additions and corrections
566 566 Additions and corrections
567 567 Additions and corrections
568 568 Additions and corrections
569 569 Additions and corrections

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570 570 Additions and corrections
571 571 Additions and corrections
572 572 Additions and corrections
573 573 Additions and corrections


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