Kashaya language resources

Kashaya, also spelled Kashia by the tribe, is one of seven languages in the Pomoan family. It is the language of the Kashia Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point Rancheria.

This page was prepared by Gene Buckley. I first starting learning about Kashaya as a graduate student at UC Berkeley, in a field methods class in 1989-1990. It was directed by Leanne Hinton, and our language consultant was Milton (Bun) Lucas. My dissertation, Theoretical Aspects of Kashaya Phonology and Morphology, was completed in 1992; a slightly revised version was published in 1994. Since then I have written about various topics in Kashaya, which can be seen on my curriculum vitae. I have been working for several years to convert and update Robert Oswalt's unpublished dictionary materials into a lexical database for publication, as well as developing digital resources for language learners. These are described below.

Audio resources: Apps

These items have sound files so the user can hear Kashaya pronounced by native speakers. Most are apps that run on Android smartphones or tablets. The first is in the Google Play store, and can be installed like any other app.

Kashaya cahno
(cahno means "word" or "language")

Pictures and sound recordings of Kashaya words, for learning vocabulary. Includes a quiz function. Based on an app originally designed for Northern Pomo, by Edwin Ko and Cathy O'Connor. Implemented for Kashaya by Edwin Ko.

The other three apps are provided as links to apk files; if you click on the link using an Android device, it should offer to download the file, and then you have the opportunity to install it. (You might have to go to the Downloads app to complete this.) The apps were developed with teams of students in computer science courses at the University of Pennsylvania. They will continue to undergo development, so suggestions for improvement are welcome.

Kashaya Words

Pictures and sound recordings of Kashaya words (by four different speakers) organized by general meaning, for learning vocabulary. Includes a quiz. See the user manual for an overview of functions; similar to Kashaya cahno (above).

[May 2017]

Kashaya Sounds

Intended to help people learn to pronounce the sounds of the language, with recordings by five different speakers. See the user manual for an overview of functions.

[January 2017]

Audio resources: Web

Since many users do not have access to an Android device, the image and sound files used in the Kashaya Words app have been placed in a web page in a format that can be accessed by a web browser on a computer. I have tested it on an iPhone and it takes a while to load, but works correctly.

Kashaya Vocabulary

Pictures and sound recordings of Kashaya words (by four different speakers) sortable by general meaning as well as English, Kashaya, and speaker name. Intended for learning vocabulary and pronunciation.

[August 2017]

Text resources

These first documents are distributed as pdf files, with information about a subpart of the Kashaya lexicon. They can be viewed on a computer, or printed out if desired. They are interim versions that do not reflect the latest form of the dictionary database, but please report any errors you may find, or send suggestions for improvement.

New Kashaya Vocabulary

An extensive list of nouns, adjectives, and other words but not verbs; includes Kashaya-English and English-Kashaya sections.

[May 2014]

Kashaya Kinship Terms

Words for family relations, laid out in all their complexity, with an introduction about how the different forms should be used. This is an updated subpart of the full vocabulary list.

[June 2016]

The next two items are digital versions of the full dictionary.

Kashaya Dictionary on the web

This web site has both Kashaya-English (browse by letter) and English-Kashaya (use the index at the left side). See the About page for some information about the sounds and spelling system for the language as well as the structure of the dictionary entries.

[May 2013]

Kashaya Dictionary on Android

This app makes the current form of the dictionary available on a phone or tablet. See the user manual for an overview of functions.

[January 2017]

Other resources

These other pages are descriptions of various aspects of Kashaya.

The territories of the Pomoan languages (including Kashaya).

An overview of Kashaya grammar at Wikipedia.

Acknowledgments

Preliminary work with the Oswalt dictionary materials was supported by a University Research Foundation grant from the University of Pennsylvania in the summer of 2011. Additional editing assistance was provided in summer 2016 by two students under the Penn Undergraduate Research Mentoring Program (PURM).

Major improvement of the lexical database, and some of the recordings included in the Sounds and Words apps, were made possible by a Documenting Endangered Languages grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in these documents or programs do not necessarily represent those of the NEH.

website statistics