Q - q

-qa1   [qa]  Variant: -qʰ. Verb. Circumstantial Evidential: the speaker did not see happen what he is tell about but deduced the action from circumstantial evidence; preferred over /-bi/ when the evidence is discovered soon after the action or is incontrovertible.

-qa2   [qa]  Variant: -hqa. Verb. Psych verb with 3rd person subject.

qa   [qa]  qayʔ.

qa-   [qa]   pref-instr. between two strongly opposed forces. The most common translations are: ‘with the teeth, by chewing, by eating (chewed food, as contrasted with {bi-} for soft foods and {si-} for liquids)’.

qaco*   [qacow]  qa-, co*2. Variant: qacot*. Verb. be crushing, smashing, breaking solids into several coarse pieces with the teeth; i.e., chew thoroughly. maʔa míʔkʰe qʼoʔdi qáco chew your food well!

qahcawad*   [qahcawá·du]  qa-, hcaw*, -ad1. Variant: qahcawacʼ*. Verb. eat one thing with another. ʔahša ṭʰoʔo qahcawa·du to eat acorn mush with fish.

qahtenh*   [qahténʔ]  qa-, htenh*1. Verb. flatten, arrange with the teeth, by chewing. qahwe· ʔel qahténhcipʰi qacʼohqa chew the gum down and make it ready to chew.

qahtʰa*   [qahtʰaw]  qa-, htʰa*, qa-, htʰa*. Verb. finish eating fast.

qahtʰa*   [qahtʰaw]  qa-, htʰa*, qa-, htʰa*. Verb. finish eating fast.

qahtʰohtʰoc*   [qahtʰóhtʰoʔ]  qa-, htʰohtʰo*, qa-. Instr Verb Stem. (mice) nibble holes or pieces off.

qahtʰohtʰoc*   [qahtʰóhtʰoʔ]  qa-, htʰohtʰo*, qa-. Instr Verb Stem. (mice) nibble holes or pieces off.

qahṭakeye*   [qahṭakeyew]  qa-, hṭekeye*, qa-, hṭekeye*. Verb. face distorted. ʔacaʔ (haʔbo) qahṭekéyeyiʔ caw the person is sitting with corners of mouth down, jaw forward. qahṭekéyehtimʔ

qahṭakeye*   [qahṭakeyew]  qa-, hṭekeye*, qa-, hṭekeye*. Verb. face distorted. ʔacaʔ (haʔbo) qahṭekéyeyiʔ caw the person is sitting with corners of mouth down, jaw forward. qahṭekéyehtimʔ

qahṭʰa*   [qahṭʰaw]  qa-, hṭʰa*2. Verb. open (bottle) with teeth.

qahwatʼ*   [qahwaʔ]  qa-, hwatʼ*. Verb. flop, disintegrate, lose tenseness, tone, collapse, between forces: with the teeth, by chewing, eating. dabo·máʔ qahwátʼciw old floppy hat. Example Variant: dabo·máʔ qahwatʼwatʼaʔ. qahwátʼci D: Semelfactive, Imperative. qahwátʼciwacʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative, Semelfactive. qawáhtʼimmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qahwatʼmaw of typewriter cover on in shapeless way. ʔacaʔ tʼilékinʔ yaʔ – dabo·máʔ qahwátʼmahqaw – hoʔtʼo tól banemacʼbina the old man let an old ragged floppy hat be on his head.

qahwaṭʰ*   [qahwaʔ]  qa-, hwaṭʰ*. Verb. have wide, fat face. qahwáṭʰmaw to have a wide, fat face. qawaṭi·biʔ (face) to get wide.

qahwel*   [qahwelʔ]  qa-, hwel*2. Cooccurrence: with negative. Verb. dawdle while eating; eat slowly, interminably. qahwélqaw ʔtʰin (a child) to dawdle over food so that can’t finish when meal is over – he may finish but is very slow.

qahye·*   [qahyew]  qa-, hye·*. Variant: qayec*. Verb. finish eating, stop chewing or eating. qahye maʔa ʔ stop eating food! Example Variant: maʔa qahye.. qahye mul qahwe ʔ stop chewing that gum!

qahyol*   [qahyolʔ]  qa-, hyol*. Variant: qayolaq*. Verb. chew several things together. qayolaʔ D: Plural. mul qahyola·du to ʔe· qʼoʔdi qaʔtʼaw that (food) tastes good eaten with something else. synonyms: hcaw*.

qahyo·c*   [qahyoʔ]  qahyol*. Verb. eat several things together.

qahyut*   [qahyuʔ]  qa-, hyut*. Verb. break something crumbly with teeth. hiʔbu sʼúwaʔ qahyutʰciye· ma you crushed the potato chips with your teeth.

qati·t*   [qatiʔ]  qa-, ti·t*. Verb. roll (dough with rolling pin). cuhni· qʼahšo qatitʰqa roll the dough (with rolling pin)! compare: dati·t*.

qatuš*   [qatuš]  qa-, tuš*. Verb. cheeks swell with food; jowls bulging. qatušmaw jowls bulging. compare: htoš*2, buš*, bo·š*, bokʼ*, bu·kʼ*.

qa·tuštušu   [qa·túštušu]  qatuš*. Ideophone Adjective. swollen face. qa·túštušu like kids with a lot of gum in mouth. compare: qa·bošbošo.

qatʼat*   [qatʼaʔ]  qa-, tʼat*2. Verb. 1 • talk about, talk idly; talk about, jaw, bat gums, bat around. qatʼati talk about it! ʔohso ʔel qatʼati talk about that clover! qatatá·du D: Durative. qatatá·duwa·du D: Plural. qaʔtʼawíye·to·ma you bawled me out (not nec. loud). synonyms: di·cʼiduwad*.

2 • chatter.

qatʼul*   [qatʼulʔ]  qa-, tʼul*. Verb. bite to squeeze out insides. qatulʔ to bite juicy sandwich so something comes out. qatʼúlciw D: Semelfactive, Absolutive.

qaṭa·n*   [qaṭanʔ]  qa-, ṭa·n*2. Verb. flipped up. pili·li wí qaṭʼa·ba qaṭani·bi·y with a wheel ran over it and it flipped up. (not entirely but just one end) (EP not sure though; probably not nec. so). Usages note: older language.

qaṭi·š*   [qaṭiš]  qa-, ṭi·š*2. Variant: qaṭihš*. Verb. be bloated, stretched tight, from eating. qaṭi·šiʔ bloat by eating. kʼaṭa qaṭi·šíʔ šatʰqacʼbina qaṭišciw he must have put on tight clothes; he is in tight clothes.

qaṭʰaṭ*   [qaṭʰaʔ]  qa-, ṭʰaṭ*. Verb. pry out with tool, e.g., screwdriver, pliers, etc. cawíkʰ qaṭʰaṭʰqa·li what you pry nails out with; wrench, screwdriver, pliers, etc.

qaṭʰo*   [qaṭʰow]  qa-, ṭʰo*. Verb. peel (e.g., an orange) with the teeth. qaṭʰotʰuʔ D: Causative, Negative. qaṭʰo D: Causative. qaṭʰo·tʰuʔ D: Causative, Negative. qaṭʰo·ci peel with teeth (apples or tomatoes, spitting out peelings). qaṭʰowa·taʔ D: Causative, Absolutive.

qaṭʼa·*   [qaṭʼaw]  qa-, ṭʼa·*. Variant: qalaṭʼa*. Verb. be smashed by anything; must pop – noise or inside come out (n.d.); get caught in trap. qaṭʼa·tʰuʔ D: Negative. qalaṭʼaw D: Plural. qaṭʼahqaw to smash or someone to slam door and mash (finger). huʔú· qaṭʼahqaw to wink. huʔú· qalaṭʼahqaw to wink (at someone) several times (n.d.)

qaṭʼo·*   [qaṭʼow]  qa-, ṭʼo·*. Variant: qaloṭʼo*. Verb. peel whole thing with teeth, peel in one piece. qaṭʼo·tʰuʔ D: Negative. qaṭʼoci·ducé·du D: Durative, Directional "away". qaṭʼo·cíʔtʰuʔ D: Negative. qaṭʼowá·du D: Causative. qaʔṭʼowa·law to bite downward skin off (on self). Example Variant: qaʔṭʼowa·lameʔ. qaʔṭʼo·du D: Durative, Absolutive. qaʔṭʼowá·du to peel (some, several, lots) with teeth. qaṭʼocí·du D: Durative, Causative. sapá·tu wi qʰama síli qaṭʼo·wiyé· to the shoe wore the skin off my heel (or merely sore – nothing need come off, but skin thin enough to bleed). mi· ṭa ya bahša qáṭʼow yowam at a certain place, we were peeling buckeyes with teeth. synonyms: ṭʰo*.

qaṭʼu*   [qaṭʼuw]  qa-, ṭʼu*. Verb. teeth sink into. yapálka hoʔo qaṭʼuwiye· to my teeth sank into the apple (when I bit it).

qaṭʼun*   [qaṭʼunʔ]  qa-, ṭʼun*. Verb. feel slimy in mouth; taste slimy; (food) feel slimy while eating. persímmons to· ṭʼo dáw ʔtʰin e· ʔaná· qaṭʼunʔ qaʔtʼaw ʔ I don’t like persimmons because they taste so slimy.

qawaṭʰ*   [qawaʔ]  qa-, waṭʰ*. Verb. weaken with teeth. qawaṭʰciw to bite (cherries); also of car running over something.

qaway*   [qawáyʔ]  qa-, way*1. Variant: qawayʔlac*. Verb. awaken with the teeth, by biting (as fleas do). qawayi wake him up by biting!

qawa·d*   [qawa·du]  qa-, wa·d*2, qa-, wa·d*2. Verb. chew (with teeth). qahwe· qawá·du to be chewing gum. qawaʔtʰu mul qahwe ʔ don’t chew that gum! qawadu·cedú·cedu D: Durative, Directional "away". qawaʔtʰuʔ D: Negative. qawatácʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qawatáʔtʰumeʔ D: Plural Imperative, Negative. qawadu·céʔtʰuʔ D: Negative.

qawa·d*   [qawa·du]  qa-, wa·d*2, qa-, wa·d*2. Verb. chew (with teeth). qahwe· qawá·du to be chewing gum. qawaʔtʰu mul qahwe ʔ don’t chew that gum! qawadu·cedú·cedu D: Durative, Directional "away". qawaʔtʰuʔ D: Negative. qawatácʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qawatáʔtʰumeʔ D: Plural Imperative, Negative. qawadu·céʔtʰuʔ D: Negative.

qawi*1   [qawiw]  qa-, wi*. Variant: qawit*. Verb. build.

qawihqaw   [qawihqaw]  qawi*1.

qaya·m*   [qayamʔ]  qa-, ya·m*1. Verb. be unable to chew (because it's too tough).

qaye·l*   [qayelʔ]  qa-, ye·l*. Verb. chew slowly; move lips slowly. qayelmaw (deer chewing cud) slow moving of lips (jaws ?) standing. qayélqayelʔ D: Causative, Absolutive.

qaʔsʼa   [qaʔsʼa]  qa-, ʔsʼa*1. 1 • Adjective. stinky taste or smell. qaʔsʼa míhšew smells strong. ʔama béʔcʼa qaʔsʼa mihšew to smell stinky, nasty (b.m.) ʔama qaʔsʼa mihšew stinky stuff. ʔama qáʔsʼa something that leaks from private parts as in gonorrhea. ʔama·la ʔel cár wina· moʔba qaʔsʼáʔsʼa·y the car ran over the rabbit and crushed it.

2 • Noun. lymph, liquid from injury. compare: maʔsʼa.

pʰaqaʔsʼa   [pʰaqáʔsʼa]  ʔahpʰa, qaʔsʼa. Noun. final messy nasty diarrhea, fluid which drains out of hanging intestines.

qaʔsʼoq*   [qaʔsʼóʔ]  qa-, ʔsʼoq*. Variant: qasʼotʰqo*. Verb. grind, mash between forces (meat-grinder), with the teeth. bihše qáʔsʼohqaw to grind meat for hamburger. qaʔsʼoqo grind food up with teeth. compare: qaʔsʼo*.

bihše qaʔsʼoq   [bihše qáʔsʼoʔ]  bihše, qaʔsʼoq*. Noun. hamburger.

koci·na qaʔsʼoq   [koci·na qáʔsʼoʔ]  Lit: mashed pig koci·na, qaʔsʼoq*. Noun. sausage.

qaʔsʼulh*   [qaʔsʼúlʔ]  qa-, ʔsʼulh*2. Verb. have a narrow muzzle.

qa·sʼulsʼu   [qa·sʼúlsʼu]  qaʔsʼulh*. Ideophone Adjective. narrow of muzzle, mouth (like a collie).

qaʔtʼa*   [qaʔtʼaw]  qa-, ʔtʼa*5. Variant: qatʼac*. Verb. taste (as experienced by chewing), taste (said of a solid food). pišudú qaʔtʼaw it tastes bad.

qaʔtʼe*   [qaʔtʼew]  qa-, ʔtʼe*2. Verb. stick on between two forces, with the teeth.

qaʔtʼekelec*   [qaʔtʼekeleʔ]  qa-, ʔtʼekele*, qa-. Instr Verb Stem. mash (can) with teeth (not nec. flat).

qaʔtʼekelec*   [qaʔtʼekeleʔ]  qa-, ʔtʼekele*, qa-. Instr Verb Stem. mash (can) with teeth (not nec. flat).

qaʔtʼel*   [qaʔtʼelʔ]  qa-, ʔtʼel*1. Verb. doubt. qaʔtʼelí·cʼe· to I doubt if I can do it. qaʔtʼelí·cʼi doubt yourself! qaʔtʼelí·cʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qaʔtʼellá·tacʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. cuhni· qawi díhqaqacʼba qaʔtʼélqacʼ having been given a small piece of bread, he thought it too little. maʔu ʔacacʼ em qaʔtʼélqacʼe· to – dono wína· ʔa tito ʔwa·yi waqa·ciʔba this man doubts me that I could walk to the top of the hill before he could. qaʔtʼélqacʼe· to. he doubts me.

qaʔtʼem*1   [qaʔtʼemʔ]  qa-, ʔtʼem*4. Verb. find, hit upon by chewing. qaʔtʼémqaw to find, discover by chewing. Example Variant: qatʼehtimqaw.

qaʔtʼem*2   [qaʔtʼemʔ]  qa-, ʔtʼem*2, qa-, ʔtʼem*2. Verb. be poisoned by taboo food. qaʔtʼemaʔ to make mistake by breaking restriction (when poisoning someone, poisoner gets sickness himself). qaʔtʼémʔ poisoning from eating in improper manner or at wrong time (breaking taboo). qaʔtʼema feel with teeth! qaʔtʼema·cʼi poison yourself!

qaʔtʼem*2   [qaʔtʼemʔ]  qa-, ʔtʼem*2, qa-, ʔtʼem*2. Verb. be poisoned by taboo food. qaʔtʼemaʔ to make mistake by breaking restriction (when poisoning someone, poisoner gets sickness himself). qaʔtʼémʔ poisoning from eating in improper manner or at wrong time (breaking taboo). qaʔtʼema feel with teeth! qaʔtʼema·cʼi poison yourself!

qaʔtʼentʼele*   [qaʔtʼentʼelew]  qa-, ʔtʼentʼele*. Verb. crumple, make out of shape between two forces. cár li ha·ro qaṭʼa·bina qatʼéntʼelecʰqaqʰ the car must have run over the cup and smashed it.

qaʔtʼutʰu*   [qaʔtʼutʰuw]  qa-, ʔtʼutʰu*2. Verb. squeeze between two forces; decrease inside space. qaʔtʼutʰuʔ to squeeze together two steel bars with pliers (here there is no opening). qaʔtʼulaʔ would apply only if something came out. qaʔtʼuʔtʼu not at all. qaʔtʼútʰciqʰ to squeeze only end of pipe). šahku qaʔtʼutʰúcʰqa squeeze legs together (so that there is no space between them)! cár yaʔ pí·pa wina· móʔbina qaʔtʼutʰucʰqʰ a car must have run over the pipe (any one part or whole of pipe); it is completely closed. tʼutʰú·ci squeeze self together (such as arms or legs together)! mutʼutʰú·meʔ D: Plural Imperative, Negative. muʔtʼutʰú·ci D: Negative, Semelfactive, Imperative.

qaʔṭʼa*   [qaʔṭʼaw]  qa-, ʔṭʼa*1, qa-, ʔṭʼa*1. Variant: qalaṭʼa*. Verb. hold between two objects; be trapped. qaṭʼaw to be trapped. qaṭʼa·muʔ to hold between opposed palms. qaṭʼa·mucʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative.

šoqʼoʔ qalaṭʼa·li   [šoqʼoʔ qaláṭʼa·li]  Lit: smash mice with šoqʼo·t, qaʔṭʼa*. Noun. mouse trap. šiʔbaši qalaṭʼa·li any kind of trap. Example Variant: sʼihta qalaṭʼa·li.

qaʔṭʼa*   [qaʔṭʼaw]  qa-, ʔṭʼa*1, qa-, ʔṭʼa*1. Variant: qalaṭʼa*. Verb. hold between two objects; be trapped. qaṭʼaw to be trapped. qaṭʼa·muʔ to hold between opposed palms. qaṭʼa·mucʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative.

šoqʼoʔ qalaṭʼa·li   [šoqʼoʔ qaláṭʼa·li]  Lit: smash mice with šoqʼo·t, qaʔṭʼa*. Noun. mouse trap. šiʔbaši qalaṭʼa·li any kind of trap. Example Variant: sʼihta qalaṭʼa·li.

qaʔṭʼaṭ*   [qaʔṭʼaʔ]  qa-, ʔṭʼaṭ*3, qa-, ʔṭʼaṭ*3. Verb. crack (nuts) with teeth but not so can see in or anything come out.

qaʔṭʼaṭ*   [qaʔṭʼaʔ]  qa-, ʔṭʼaṭ*3, qa-, ʔṭʼaṭ*3. Verb. crack (nuts) with teeth but not so can see in or anything come out.

qaʔṭʼenṭʼele*   [qaʔṭʼenṭʼelew]  qa-, ʔṭʼenṭʼele*. Verb. flatten between two forces; drive over. cár₁ li₂ ha·ro₃ qaṭʼa·bina₄, qaʔṭʼénṭʼelecʰqaqʰ₅ D: The car₁ must₄ˢ have₄ˢ run₄ over₄ the cup₃ and₄ˢ mashed₅ it. Example Variant: qaʔtʼéntʼelecʰqaqʰ.

qaʔṭʼeʔṭʼe*   [qaʔṭʼéʔṭʼew]  qa-, ʔṭʼeʔṭʼe*2. Verb. gnaw; like monkey, dog, to bite around on body (for lice). qaʔṭʼeqáʔṭʼemʔ D: Absolutive. qaʔṭʼeqáṭʼeta·du pl. several to lots. qaʔṭʼéʔṭʼeʔ to bite on (self) like dog or cat (several times in one place). kʼabaʔ qáʔṭʼeʔṭʼew a game in which leaves are folded and bitten to create symmetric designs, then the patient is chosen and others try to guess how it was made. kú·ška yaʔ qaʔṭʼeqáṭʼe·cʼ the cat is biting around on self (one or several places). (EP doesn’t know if verb implies any result (flat, broken bone, etc.)

qaʔṭʼu*   [qaʔṭʼuw]  qa-, ʔṭu*. Verb. bite edge.

qaʔwiʔwi*   [qaʔwíʔwiw]  qa-, ʔwi*. Verb. pet with teeth.

qaʔyaq*   [qaʔyaʔ]  qa-, ʔya·q*, qa-, ʔya·q*. Verb. recognize taste of chewed food or feel of chewing gum.

qaʔyaq*   [qaʔyaʔ]  qa-, ʔya·q*, qa-, ʔya·q*. Verb. recognize taste of chewed food or feel of chewing gum.

qa·bušbušu   [qa·búšbušu]  qa-, bu·š*. Ideophone Adjective. having puffed up cheeks.

qa·tʰuštʰušu   [qa·tʰuštʰušu]  qa-, ʔtʰuš*. Ideophone Adjective. having short, round face. qaʔtʰúšciw same except ? kú·ška huʔu·mo qaʔtʰúšmaw the cat’s face is short, round (but not like rabbit; of people with similar face).

qa·ṭʰešṭʰeše   [qa·ṭʰéšṭʰeše]  , qa-, ṭʰe·š*. Ideophone Adjective. wide-faced ? synonyms: pi·ṭʰešṭʰeše, kʰeš*, cuṭʰe·l*.

qa·ṭʼusṭʼusu   [qa·ṭʼúsṭʼusu]  qa-, ṭʼu·s*. Ideophone Adjective. long and narrow of whole face. compare: ṭʼi·s*, qasulma*.

qa·yelʔye   [qa·yélʔye]  qa-, ye·l*. Ideophone Adjective. having slow-moving lips.

qa*1   [-]   Kinship Noun. mother's mother.

ka·ka*   [-]  qa*1. Kinship Noun. mother's mother.

ka·ka   [ká·ka]  ka·ka*. Kinship Noun. Grandma! (mother's mother, informal).

ka·kanʔ   [ka·kanʔ]  ka·ka*. Kinship Noun. my or our (informal) mother's mother.

ka·kanʔkʰe   [ka·kánʔkʰe]  ka·ka*. Kinship Noun. for my mother's mother.

ka·kato   [ka·kato]  ka·ka*. Kinship Noun. (of, to) my mother's mother.

ka·katoʔna   [ka·katóʔna]  ka·ka*. Kinship Noun. 1 • where my mother's mother is.

2 • at my mother's mother's place.

maqasʼ*   [-]  qa*1. Kinship Noun. his, her, or their own mother's mother.

maqasʼ   [maqasʼ]  maqasʼ*. Kinship Noun. his, her, or their own mother's mother.

maqasʼe·yi   [maqasʼé·yi]  maqasʼ*. Kinship Noun. he and his own mother's mother.

maqa·sʼel   [maqa·sʼel]  maqasʼ*. Kinship Noun. (of, to) his, her, or their own mother's mother.

maqa·sʼeʔkʰe   [maqa·sʼéʔkʰe]  maqasʼ*. Kinship Noun. for his, her, or their own mother's mother.

maqa·sʼeʔna   [maqa·sʼéʔna]  maqasʼ*. Kinship Noun. 1 • where his, her, or their own mother's mother is.

2 • at his, her, or their own mother's mother's place.

miqasʼ*   [-]  qa*1. Kinship Noun. your mother's mother.

miqasʼ   [miqasʼ]  miqasʼ*. Kinship Noun. your mother's mother.

miqasʼel   [miqasʼel]  miqasʼ*. Kinship Noun. (of, to) your mother's mother.

miqasʼe·yyi   [miqasʼéyyi]  miqasʼ*. Kinship Noun. you and your mother's mother.

miqa·sʼeʔkʰe   [miqa·sʼéʔkʰe]  miqasʼ*. Kinship Noun. for your mother's mother.

miqa·sʼeʔna   [miqa·sʼéʔna]  miqasʼ*. Kinship Noun. 1 • where your mother's mother is.

2 • at your mother's mother's place.

miya·qasʼ*   [-]  qa*1. Kinship Noun. his, her or their mother's mother.

miya·qasʼ   [miyá·qasʼ]  miya·qasʼ*. Kinship Noun. his, her or their mother's mother.

miya·qasʼeʔkʰe   [miya·qasʼeʔkʰe]  miya·qasʼ*. Kinship Noun. of, for his grandmother.

miya·qa·sʼel   [miya·qa·sʼel]  miya·qasʼ*. Kinship Noun. (of, to) his, her or their mother's mother.

miya·qa·sʼeʔkʰe   [miyá·qa·sʼeʔkʰe]  miya·qasʼ*. Kinship Noun. for his, her or their mother's mother.

miya·qa·sʼeʔna   [miyá·qa·sʼeʔna]  miya·qasʼ*. Kinship Noun. 1 • where his, her or their mother's mother is.

2 • at his, her or their mother's mother's place.

qa·sʼ*1   [-]  qa*1. Kinship Noun. my mother's mother.

qasʼe·yi   [qasʼé·yi]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. me and my mother's mother.

qa·seʔna   [qa·seʔna]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. 1 • where my mother's mother is.

2 • at my mother's mother's place.

qa·sʼe   [qá·sʼe]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. Grandmother! (mother's mother, formal).

qa·sʼenʔ   [qa·sʼenʔ]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. my or our (formal) mother's mother.

qa·sʼenʔkʰe   [qa·sʼénʔkʰe]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. for my mother's mother.

qa·sʼeto   [qa·sʼeto]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. (of, to) my mother's mother.

qa*2   [qa]  hqa*5.

qaba·c*   [qabaʔ´]  qaʔba*. Verb. crack (a nut) with the teeth.

qabet*   [qabeʔ]  qa-, bet*. Verb. grope, feel for something unseen which is not known for sure to be present, with mouth, while eating. ʔihya· qabéta·dun mul ʔahša maʔa while feeling for a bone with the teeth (it is not known for sure to be present), eat that fish.

qabe·l*   [qabelʔ]  qa-, be·l*. Verb. face be long and thin.

qabe·lma*   [qabelmáw]  qabe·l*. Verb. have a long narrow jaw.

qabe·lqabe·l*   [qabélqabelʔ]  qabe·l*. Reduplicating Verb. (sheep) chew with the lips working back and forth.

qa·belʔbe   [qa·belʔbe]  qabe·l*. Ideophone Adjective. sagging (of lips of sheep).

qabe·lma*   [qabelmáw]  qabe·l*. Verb. have a long narrow jaw.

qabe·lqabe·l*   [qabélqabelʔ]  qabe·l*. Reduplicating Verb. (sheep) chew with the lips working back and forth.

qabošaq*   [qabošáʔ]  qabo·š*, -aq1. Verb. puff out the cheeks. qabošá·qa buff out cheeks!

qabo·š*   [qaboš]  qa-, bo·š*. Verb. cheeks be puffed up, be enlarged insubstantially. qabóšmaw be still with cheeks puffed out. qabóša·dadu go along with cheeks puffed out. qabošciw puff cheeks out.

qabošaq*   [qabošáʔ]  qabo·š*, -aq1. Verb. puff out the cheeks. qabošá·qa buff out cheeks!

qa·bošbošo   [qa·bóšbošo]  qabo·š*. Variant: qa·bošbo; qa·boškinʔ. Ideophone Adjective. having puffed up cheeks. compare: qa·tuštušu.

qabuhkʼi*   [qabuhkʼiw]  qabu·kʼ*. Verb. be bulging with teeth.

qabu·kʼ*   [qabuʔ]  qa-, bu·kʼ*. Variant: qabuhkʼi*. Verb. be bulging with cheeks. qabukʼi·bici puff out your cheeks! ʔacaʔ qahmatí·bicʰpʰi qabukʼi·bícʼkʰe when the man gets mad his face will get stern, unsmiling.

qa·bukʼbukʼu   [qa·búkʼbukʼu]  qabu·kʼ*. Ideophone Adjective. having puffed up cheeks.

qace   [qace]   Noun. strong ligament, tough gristle.

qace*   [qacéw]  qa-, ce*. Variant: qacet*. Verb. grab with the teeth or between the knees, with pliers, etc. compare: qayem*, qane*, qacʰa·*, qaʔden*.

qacet*   [qaceʔ]  qace*.

qaco*   [qacow]  qa-, co*2. Variant: qacot*. Verb. be crushing, smashing, breaking solids into several coarse pieces with the teeth; i.e., chew thoroughly. maʔa míʔkʰe qʼoʔdi qáco chew your food well!

qacot*   [qacoʔ]  qaco*. Verb. crush with teeth.

qacʰahqa*   [qacʰahqaw]  qacʰa·*. Verb. hold between the knees.

qacʰaw cʰilʔ   [qacʰaw cʰilʔ]  qacʰa·*, hcʰil*. Noun. salmong hung with teeth hooked on (a root).

qacʰa·*   [qacʰaw]  qa-, cʰa·*2. Verb. hold in teeth (like a clothes pin); hook (salmon) and hang it from teeth. compare: qayem*, qace*, qane*, qaʔden*.

qacʰahqa*   [qacʰahqaw]  qacʰa·*. Verb. hold between the knees.

qacʰaw cʰilʔ   [qacʰaw cʰilʔ]  qacʰa·*, hcʰil*. Noun. salmong hung with teeth hooked on (a root).

qacʰiṭ*   [qacʰiṭ]  qacʰi·ṭ*.

qacʰi·ṭ*   [qacʰiʔ´]  qa-, cʰi·ṭ*2. Variant: qacʰiṭ*. Verb. suck out (disease or pain). qacʰi·ṭi suck out (the disease)! qacʰiṭa·ducé·du @be sucking out a disease. qacʰiṭá·duwa·du @go around sucking out diseases. qacʰiṭí suck out (the diseases)!

qacʰi·ṭʰqa*   [qacʰiṭʰqaw]  qacʰi·ṭ*. Verb. pry out, take out (a nail) with a hammer.

qacʰi·ṭʰqa*   [qacʰiṭʰqaw]  qacʰi·ṭ*. Verb. pry out, take out (a nail) with a hammer.

-qacʼ   [qacʼ]   Verb. Psych Verb: verb expressing mental state or emotion when the subject is not first-person.

qacʼaṭ*   [qacʼaṭ]  qaʔcʼaṭ*.

qacʼa·m*   [qacʼamʔ]   Verb. yell, make noise, scream, shout. qacʼa·maʔ yell. qacʼamʔ baʔtʼaw several to scream. naṭa yya ʔem qacʼamʔ baʔtʼaw the kids are being loud (shouting, making noise). compare: qaʔcʼaṭ*, baʔsʼawad*, cahno*, lowacʼ*.

qacʼa·ṭ   [qacʼaʔ]  qa-, cʼa·ṭ*1. Adjective. feeling of chewed green apple.

qacʼe*   [-]  qa-, cʼe*. Cooccurrence: always reduplicated, see reduplicated forms. Reduplicating Verb. take a quick chew.

qacʼeqacʼe*   [qacʼeqácʼew]  qacʼe*. Reduplicating Verb. take many quick chews.

qacʼeqacʼe*   [qacʼeqácʼew]  qacʼe*. Reduplicating Verb. take many quick chews.

qacʼi·ṭ*   [qacʼiʔ]  qa-, cʼi·ṭ*. Verb. chew together different things.

qacʼohlim*   [qacʼóhlimʔ]  qaʔcʼolhma*.

qacʼotam*   [qacʼotámʔ]  qacʼo·m*.

qacʼo·*   [qacʼow]  qa-, cʼo·*2. Verb. transform by chewing, chew something to shape it with teeth. ʔahqʰa qácʼow chew and make wet with saliva. qacʼow chew (gum) and shape with teeth.

qacʼo·m*   [qacʼomʔ´]  qa-, cʼo·m*. Variant: qacʼotam*. Verb. bite in two pieces; bite off (a piece of celery); chew off (in plural). qacʼo·ma bite off a piece! qacʼotá·ma chew (several things) off! qacʼotamʔ to chew (hair) off.

qacʼo·q*   [qacʼoʔ]  qa-, cʼo·q*. Verb. 1 • bite through with one tooth.

2 • stick self in mouth (with bone or something sharp).

qacʼo·ṭ*   [qacʼoʔ]  qa-, cʼo·ṭ*1. Verb. cut off ends with scissors or teeth.

qacʼu·l*   [qacʼulʔ]  qa-, cʼu·l*2. Verb. bite so it hurts. maʔa qacʼulmala I ate lots. qacʼulá·tadu @.

qadaya*   [qadayáw]  qalac*. Verb. miss biting entirely.

qada·la   [qada·láw]  qadu·la*.

qada·wi   [qada·wi]   Variant: qada·wi yac. Noun. opponents in gambling. qada·wi yaʔ gamblers; opponents in gambling. mu qada·wiyaʔ he's a gambler.

qada·wi yac   [qada·wi yac]  qada·wi.

qade·bic*   [qade·bíʔ]  qaʔdi*, -ibic. Verb. pick up in the teeth. qada·law (e.g.) to drop chewing gum into cup (denied as equivalent of /qadu·law/).

qade·bicʰqa*   [qade·bicʰqaw]  qaʔdi*, qaʔdi*, qaʔdi*. Verb. pry up.

qadu*   [qaduw]  qa-, du*. Verb. splice.

qadu·la*   [qadu·law]  qadu*, -ala. Variant: qada·la. Verb. splice rope or attach new stick in basket making or attach knob to chest. baṭʰe· qadula·meʔ splice a lot! (to several). Example Variant: baṭʰe· qadala·meʔ. qadula·medu keep splicing. Example Variant: qadala·medu.

qaduw*   [qaduwʔ]  qa-, duw*2. Verb. bite off strip, piece cleanly. ya·palka qaduwá·la· qaʔsʼi eat your apple, biting off one piece clean down to core! (also dog to bite flesh downward taking off a long piece).

qadu·la*   [qadu·law]  qadu*, -ala. Variant: qada·la. Verb. splice rope or attach new stick in basket making or attach knob to chest. baṭʰe· qadula·meʔ splice a lot! (to several). Example Variant: baṭʰe· qadala·meʔ. qadula·medu keep splicing. Example Variant: qadala·medu.

qahca   [qahca]   Noun. knife.

coʔo qahca   [coʔo qáhca]  Lit: bee knife qahca. Noun. 1 • bee stinger.

2 • clitoris.

hisʼu· qahca   [hisʼu· qáhca]  Lit: arrowknife qahca. Noun. arrowhead.

lame·sa qahca   [lamé·sa qahca]  qahca. Noun. 1 • table knife.

2 • striking part of a weapon, missile.

qahca bahṭʰe   [qahca báhṭʰe]  Lit: big knife qahca. Noun. bread or butcher knife.

qahca sama   [qahca sáma]  qahca. Noun. knife handle.

qahca siʔtʼa ltow   [qahca siʔtʼá ltow]  qahca. Noun. sharp edge of a knife.

qahcamo   [qahcamo]  Lit: knife hole qahca, ʔimo. Noun. wound from knife or gun.

qahcatʼinaʔna   [qahcatʼínaʔna]  qahca, tʼinaʔna. Noun. bat (of any species).

qahcaʔta   [qahcáʔta]  qahca. Variant: ʔaha qahcaʔta. Noun. western harvest mouse. Reithrodontomys megalotis. compare: qahcaʔtini.

šihmi qahca   [šihmi qáhca]  Lit: weapon missile qahca. Noun. bullet, ammunition. synonyms: wa·la.

ʔama qahca   [ʔama qáhca]  Lit: knife thing ʔama·2, qahca. Noun. flint, long flint flake used as a knife.

ʔama qahca cuhti   [ʔama qáhca cuhti]  ʔama qahca, cuhti. Noun. flint design for basket or costume.

qahca bahṭʰe   [qahca báhṭʰe]  Lit: big knife qahca. Noun. bread or butcher knife.

qahca sama   [qahca sáma]  qahca. Noun. knife handle.

qahca sitʼatʰqa· tol   [qahca sítʼatʰqa· tol]  Lit: make knife (flint) sharp on qahca, siʔtʼa, =tol. Noun. whetstone.

qahca siʔtʼa ltow   [qahca siʔtʼá ltow]  qahca. Noun. sharp edge of a knife.

qahcamo   [qahcamo]  Lit: knife hole qahca, ʔimo. Noun. wound from knife or gun.

qahcatʼinaʔna   [qahcatʼínaʔna]  qahca, tʼinaʔna. Noun. bat (of any species).

qahcawacʼ*   [qahcawáʔ]  qahcawad*.

qahcawad*   [qahcawá·du]  qa-, hcaw*, -ad1. Variant: qahcawacʼ*. Verb. eat one thing with another. ʔahša ṭʰoʔo qahcawa·du to eat acorn mush with fish.

qahcaʔta   [qahcáʔta]  qahca. Variant: ʔaha qahcaʔta. Noun. western harvest mouse. Reithrodontomys megalotis. compare: qahcaʔtini.

qahcaʔtini   [qahcáʔtini]   Noun. ?? some species of creature; fish ?? compare: qahcaʔta.

qahcec   [qahcéʔ]  qa-, hcec*2. Verb. accompanying food, food variety. maʔa qahceʔ cʰow é· ʔkʰe, maʔa túmhuwa·ducʰmela not having any food variety, I am going off to buy more food.

qahcohco*   [qahcohcow]  hcohco*, qa-, hcohco*, qa-, qa-. Verb. tenderize with a meat-grinder.

qahcʰa*1   [qahcʰaw]  qa-, hcʰa*1. Verb. pull over with the teeth (as a dog might do).

qahcʰa*2   [-]  qa-, hcʰa*3. Cooccurrence: Always reduplicated, see reduplicated forms. Reduplicating Verb. crumble between forces: with the teeth, by chewing, eating.

qahcʰahcʰac*   [qahcʰahcʰaʔ]  qahcʰa*2. Reduplicating Verb. chew (dry toast) to pieces.

qahcʰaqahcʰa*   [qahcʰaqahcʰaw]  qahcʰa*2. Reduplicating Verb. crumble between forces: with the teeth, by chewing, eating. qahcʰqacʰata·du D: Plural.

qahcʰahcʰac*   [qahcʰahcʰaʔ]  qahcʰa*2. Reduplicating Verb. chew (dry toast) to pieces.

qahcʰaqahcʰa*   [qahcʰaqahcʰaw]  qahcʰa*2. Reduplicating Verb. crumble between forces: with the teeth, by chewing, eating. qahcʰqacʰata·du D: Plural.

qahcʰiṭi  ʔahqʰa, hcʰiṭi. [qahcʰiṭí]   Noun. red alder, white alder. Alnus oregona, Alnus rhombifolia (Birch Family).

qahcʰoc*   [qahcʰóʔ]  qa-, hcʰoc*1. Verb. wear out something by chewing.

qahcʰohcʰoc*   [qahcʰóhcʰoʔ]  qahcʰoc*. Reduplicating Verb. wear out something by chewing.

qahcʰoqahcʰoc*   [qahcʰoqáhcʰoʔ]  qahcʰoc*. Reduplicating Verb. wear out something by chewing.

qahcʰohcʰoc*   [qahcʰóhcʰoʔ]  qahcʰoc*. Reduplicating Verb. wear out something by chewing.

qahcʰoqahcʰoc*   [qahcʰoqáhcʰoʔ]  qahcʰoc*. Reduplicating Verb. wear out something by chewing.

qahcʰot*   [qahcʰoʔ]  qa-, hcʰot*. Verb. be too full to finish eating.

qahcʰu*   [qahcʰúw]  qa-, hcʰu*. Cooccurrence: only reduplicated, see reduplicated form. Verb. chew something (e.g., mealy apple, crackers) to pieces.

qahcʰuhcʰu*   [qahcʰuhcʰuw]  qahcʰu*. Reduplicating Verb. chew something (e.g., mealy apple, crackers) to pieces. qahcʰúcʰuw eating crackers. ya·pálka qahcʰuhcʰuw mealy apple. synonyms: qahsuhsu*.

qahcʰuqahcʰu*   [qahcʰuqahcʰuw]  qahcʰu*. Reduplicating Verb. chew something (e.g., mealy apple, crackers) to pieces. qahcʰuqáhcʰuw eating crackers.

qahcʰuhcʰu*   [qahcʰuhcʰuw]  qahcʰu*. Reduplicating Verb. chew something (e.g., mealy apple, crackers) to pieces. qahcʰúcʰuw eating crackers. ya·pálka qahcʰuhcʰuw mealy apple. synonyms: qahsuhsu*.

qahcʰuqahcʰu*   [qahcʰuqahcʰuw]  qahcʰu*. Reduplicating Verb. chew something (e.g., mealy apple, crackers) to pieces. qahcʰuqáhcʰuw eating crackers.

qahkilh*   [qahkilʔ]  qa-, hkilh*. Verb. prevent from closing.

qahkilhci*   [qahkilhciw]  qahkilh*. Verb. prevent from closing. baqʼo tól ʔtʰin hohwa qahkílhciy something stopped (prevented) the door from closing.

qahkilhci*   [qahkilhciw]  qahkilh*. Verb. prevent from closing. baqʼo tól ʔtʰin hohwa qahkílhciy something stopped (prevented) the door from closing.

qahko*   [-]  qa-, hko*2. Cooccurrence: only reduplicated, see reduplicated forms. Reduplicating Verb. tooth to move loosely while chewing.

qahkoqahko*   [qahkoqáhkow]  qahko*. Reduplicating Verb. tooth to move loosely while chewing.

qahkohkot*   [qahkóhkow]  qahko*. Reduplicating Verb. tooth to move loosely while chewing.

qahkolhma*   [qahkolhmaw]  qa-, hkolh*. Verb. loosen by biting. hoʔo qáhkolhmawiye·to I have a loose tooth from biting (on something hard).

qahkoqahko*   [qahkoqáhkow]  qahko*. Reduplicating Verb. tooth to move loosely while chewing.

qahkʰo*   [qahkʰow]  qa-, hkʰo*. Verb. catch moving object with mouth (as dog with ball).

qahkʰuhkʰu*   [qahkʰuhkʰuw]  qa-, hkʰu*. Reduplicating Verb. crumble with teeth. kayé·ta mu·kinʔ qahkʰúkʰuw he crushed up the crackers.

qahla*   [qahla]  hqalh*.

qahlad*   [qahlad]  qa·d*.

qahlaq*   [qahlaq]  qa·q*.

qahlaqac*   [qahlaqac]  qa·qac*.

qahle   [qahle]   Adjective. white. heʔe qáhle white hair. ʔama· qahlé loʔ it's getting (day) light.

haṭʼa qahle   [haṭʼa qahle]  Lit: white butt haṭʼa·1, qahle. Noun. meadow lark. synonyms: kunu qʰala·c.

qahle sʼi   [qahle sʼíw]  qahle. Verb. 1 • have bad luck.

2 • to guess right in grass game.

qahlemta   [qahlemta]  qahle. Noun. domestic goose. compare: lala.

qahleslun   [qahléslun]  qahle, si·lun. Noun. white kind of acorn bread.

qahle hcoʔ   [qahlé hcoʔ]  Lit: to guess white qahle*, hcoq*. Verb. guess incorrectly.

qahle sʼi   [qahle sʼíw]  qahle. Verb. 1 • have bad luck.

2 • to guess right in grass game.

qahle*   [qahlew ?]   Verb. guess right. qʰo qáhle biʔdiʔ guess both sets of sticks right. Example Variant: <qʰo>. mu·kinʔ qʰo qáhle biʔdí·ye· ma·cal he guessed them.

qahle hcoʔ   [qahlé hcoʔ]  Lit: to guess white qahle*, hcoq*. Verb. guess incorrectly.

qahlem   [qahlemʔ]   Verb. be bad luck (in game only); become unlucky. qahlema (to game) be bad luck (for someone). qalemá·de· mu·kito compare: pʰaʔša.

qahlemta   [qahlemta]  qahle. Noun. domestic goose. compare: lala.

qahleslun   [qahléslun]  qahle, si·lun. Noun. white kind of acorn bread.

qahle·d*   [qahle·du]  . Verb. become daylight, white [?]

qahli*1   [qahliw]  hqa*5. Verb. shoot.

qahli*2   [-]  qa-, hlic*1. Cooccurrence: only reduplicated, see reduplicated forms. Reduplicating Verb. cut partly with scissors.

qahlihli*   [qahlihliw]  Lit: get into part way qahli*2. Reduplicating Verb. nibble off several pieces; cut partly with scissors with several cuts. qahlihliʔ cut partly with scissors with several cuts. compare: qaʔcʼoʔcʼo*.

qahlibic*   [qahlibic]  qa·bic*.

qahlihli*   [qahlihliw]  Lit: get into part way qahli*2. Reduplicating Verb. nibble off several pieces; cut partly with scissors with several cuts. qahlihliʔ cut partly with scissors with several cuts. compare: qaʔcʼoʔcʼo*.

qahlimac*   [qahlimac]  hqamac*.

qahlo*   [qahlow]  qa-, hlo*2. Variant: qalol*. Verb. detach, by the teeth. qahwe· tol túlse qahlo·yh the sweet flavor of the gum is chewed away. Example Variant: ... qahlo·mela.

qahlokʼ*   [qahloʔ]  qa-, hlokʼ*. Verb. flop with teeth. qahlókʼciw to bite off at broken joint.

qahlud*   [qahludu]  qa-, hlud*2. Variant: qaluʔta*. Verb. knock off with teeth; be biting off.

qahluhlu*   [qahlúhluw]  qa-, hlu*. Reduplicating Verb. cut to pieces by biting.

qahluṭʼ*   [qahluʔ]  qa-, hluṭʼ*1. Verb. bite off and drop it. qahluṭʼahqaw to try to bite off and stop without doing it; (stop /qanew/); qalúhṭʼiw to try to bite off a bunch (of grapes) but don’t do it. qalúhṭʼi to fail to bite several (imp. ?) qahlúṭʼci fail to bite one! bite off and drop it!

qahlu·c*   [qahluʔ]  qa-, hlu·c*. Verb. spill or get out of container with teeth. qahlu·ci pig to peck on sack so apples spill out.

qahmat1   [qahmáʔ]  qahmat*. Variant: hqahmat. Adjective. angry, mad, mean. hayu qáhmaʔ mean, angry dog. qahmáʔ hayu naturally mean dog. qahmáʔ hayu ʔel min e· mu he is like a mean dog. Example Variant: qahmáʔ hayu ʔem min e· mu. to·ro qahmaʔ angry bull. qahmáʔ to·ro mean bull (born that way). ku·yi hqahmáʔ min cranky once.

qahmat2   [qahmaʔ]   Noun. top of spine, top back bone. qahmatʼe· mu it's the top of the spine. qahmáʔ ʔihya· the projecting top vertebra.

qahmat*   [qahmaʔ]  Lit: angry innards Verb. be angry. qahmatí·biʔ one to get angry. qamatí·tibiʔ several to get angry. qahmatí·bicʰqaw to make angry. qamatí·tibicʰqaw (one person) to make several angry. qʰamʔli bákʰe qahmati·biʔ furious.

qahmat1   [qahmáʔ]  qahmat*. Variant: hqahmat. Adjective. angry, mad, mean. hayu qáhmaʔ mean, angry dog. qahmáʔ hayu naturally mean dog. qahmáʔ hayu ʔel min e· mu he is like a mean dog. Example Variant: qahmáʔ hayu ʔem min e· mu. to·ro qahmaʔ angry bull. qahmáʔ to·ro mean bull (born that way). ku·yi hqahmáʔ min cranky once.

qahmati·bic*   [qahmati·biʔ]  qahmat*. Verb. get angry, get mad.

qahmati·bic*   [qahmati·biʔ]  qahmat*. Verb. get angry, get mad.

qahmohmo*   [qahmohmow]  qa-, hmo*. Reduplicating Verb. work food with mouth. maʔa ʔáhsi· soh qahmóhmowela hoʔo cʰótʼin I’m working the tough food around (in my mouth) because I don’t have teeth.

qahmoy*   [qahmoyʔ]  qa-, hmoy*. Verb. work (the food); not actually chew. qahmoyi work (the food)! (not actually chew).

qahmu·l*   [qahmulʔ]  qa-, hmu·l*1. Verb. not eat all the food; leave some food for others.

qahnat*   [qahnaʔ]  hnat*2. Verb. taste; investigate by eating.

qahponpoloc*   [qahponpoloʔ]  qa-, hponpolo*. Verb. make swollen by biting.

qahpʰa   [qahpʰa]   Noun. chain fern, Woodwardia. Used to line an earth oven. Woodwardia radicans or fimbriata. (Blechnaceae; Woodwardia).

qahpʰahpʰa*   [qahpʰahpʰaw]  qa-, hpʰa*2. Reduplicating Verb. sink in by chewing, chewing something not crispy (like damp cracker).

qahpʰoqahpʰo*   [qahpʰoqahpʰow]  qa-, hpʰo*. Variant: qahpʰoqapʰotad*. Reduplicating Verb. shake something held teeth, repeatedly. qahpʰoqápʰota·du (dog) to shake again and again something held in the teeth. qahpʰoqápʰotacʼmeʔ shake things held in teeth (to several)! synonyms: qaʔliʔli*, qahpʰoṭ*.

qahpʰoqahpʰow   [qahpʰoqahpʰow]  qaʔliʔli*.

qahpʰoqapʰotad*   [qahpʰoqapʰotad]  qahpʰoqahpʰo*.

qahpʰoṭ*   [qahpʰoʔ]  qa-, hpʰoṭ*2. Verb. (dog) shake something held in the teeth (nothing need come off). qahpʰoṭi shake something held in teeth! qahpʰoṭácʼmeʔ shake something held in teeth (to several)! synonyms: qaʔliʔli*, qahpʰoqahpʰo*.

qahpʰu*   [qahpʰuw]  qa-, hpʰu*. Verb. puff on, smoke (a pipe or cigarette). pí·pa qahpʰu smoke a pipe (or cigarette)! qahpʰutʰuʔ don’t smoke! qapʰutá·du to be puffing on several (pipes). Example Comment: Homophonous with qa-pʰut-a°d-u to keep spitting..

qahpʰukʼut*   [qahpʰukʼúʔ]  qa-, hpʰukʼut*. Variant: qapʰukʼut*. Verb. bite into something soft (fat pie, marshmallow, butter, cake). qapʰukʼuʔ several to bite into soft things. qahpʰukʼú·ti bite into something soft! qapʰukʼútʰmeʔ bite into several soft things (to several)! qapʰukʼú·tacʼmeʔ keep biting into several soft things (to several)!

qahpʰul*   [qahpʰulʔ]  qa-, hpʰul*. Variant: qahpʰula·tad*; qapʰula·tad*. Verb. 1 • thresh, winnow, blow away the skin. muhca qáhpʰuli thresh the grain! qahpʰuli thresh (one)! qapʰulá·taqa thresh (several)! qahpʰulá·tadu thresh (several)!

2 • winnow.

qahpʰula·tad*   [qahpʰula·tad]  qahpʰul*.

qahpʰuṭay*   [qahpʰuṭáyʔ]  qa-, hpʰuṭ*, -ay. Verb. be unable to finish eating. mu·kito qahpʰuṭayʔ he was unable to finish eating all the food.

qahqa*   [qahqaw]  qa-, hqa*1. Verb. get used to eating. synonyms: qaʔne·cicʼ*.

qahqalh*   [qahqalʔ]  qa-, hqalh*. Verb. remove from the surface with the teeth; by caustic lye, bleach. ma qáhqalʔ bakʰe ʔe· mu ʔihya· that bone is for you to pick. qahqalí mulʔ pick that (bone)!; (to lye) bleach stain! qahqala·tadu @. qahqálmeʔ pick a bone (to several)! qaqalá·qa pick several bones! qaqaláhmeʔ pick several bones (to several)! qahqalá·du keep picking. compare: bisu*.

qahqalqa*   [qahqálqaw]  qahqalh*. Instr Verb Stem. cause to bite off surface material; use chemicals to clean off the surface, use caustic lye, bleach. kʼili cícʼqammu, dahloʔ ʔáhsiy e· mu. láy hqʰa ʔṭʼaya·pʰi, qahqálqa that (burned food on a pot) got black, it is hard to get off. Pour lye water on it, and make it be eaten off! sʼiʔda qahqálqame·du bleach skin.

kʼaṭa sʼaʔsʼa qahqalqa· li   [kʼaṭa sʼáʔsʼa qahqálqa· li]  Lit: dirty clothes bleach instrument qahqalqa*. Noun. bleach.

qahqalqa*   [qahqálqaw]  qahqalh*. Instr Verb Stem. cause to bite off surface material; use chemicals to clean off the surface, use caustic lye, bleach. kʼili cícʼqammu, dahloʔ ʔáhsiy e· mu. láy hqʰa ʔṭʼaya·pʰi, qahqálqa that (burned food on a pot) got black, it is hard to get off. Pour lye water on it, and make it be eaten off! sʼiʔda qahqálqame·du bleach skin.

kʼaṭa sʼaʔsʼa qahqalqa· li   [kʼaṭa sʼáʔsʼa qahqálqa· li]  Lit: dirty clothes bleach instrument qahqalqa*. Noun. bleach.

qahqo   [qahqo]  Lit: bare eyes Variant: ʔama· qahqo. 1 • Adjective. nude, bare. ʔacaʔ qáhqo nude man. qʰale qáhqo bare (leafless) plant. ʔacacʼem qahqo ciʔ the man got naked. ʔaha qáhqo someone who says whatever they think. Example Comment: can be used as an adjective as well. ʔacacʼem qahqo tʼetʰmaw the man is standing naked. ʔacacʼem qahqo wanʔwadu the man is walking around naked.

2 • Adjective. plain, clear, evident, obvious, apparent (in this meaning, almost always sentence-initial.) huʔú· qahqo before my eyes, in plain sight, in person. huʔú· qahqo cadela· ʔa mul ʔacaʔ I saw that man in person. qahqo pʰíʔtʼawe·, maʔu ʔahca ʔacaʔ nóhpʰo·li it looks clear that people were inhabiting this house. qahqo ʔé· mito ʔa cahnócʼkʰe ʔa· wanʔkʰe méʔ di·cʼíʔti I will talk to you (by phone), to tell you plain the time I will come. qahqo baʔtʼawe· ma ʔama· banawa·dun it sounds clear you are (lying) deceiving.

3 • Noun. field, meadow, opening in the forest; land with no trees or bushes. qahqo báhṭʰe big field.

ʔaha qahqo   [ʔaha qáhqo]  Lit: bare mouth ʔaha, qahqo. Noun. loud mouth, someone who says whatever he thinks.

qahqoc*   [qahqoʔ]   Cooccurrence: Only attested with -î·cʼ- Reflexive:. Verb. return, go back. qahqociʔ to return. synonyms: hqowic*, hqowil*, hqowil*.

qahqoṭol*   [qahqoṭolʔ]  qa-, hqoṭol*1. Verb. be unable to chew up.

qahqʰa*1   [-]  qa-, hqʰa*3. Cooccurrence: only reduplicated, see reduplicated forms. Reduplicating Verb. 1 • rub with teeth.

2 • drag along by carrying in teeth (like a dog).

qahqʰaqahqʰa*   [qahqʰaqahqʰaw]  qahqʰa*1. Reduplicating Verb. drag in teeth. qahqʰaqáqʰa·qaʔ (dog) to drag upward along the ground something held in its teeth.

qahqʰa*2   [-]  qa-, hqʰa*2. Cooccurrence: only reduplicated, see reduplicated forms. Reduplicating Verb. barely able to taste what is chewed.

qahqʰahqʰa*   [qahqʰáhqʰaw]  qahqʰa*2. Reduplicating Verb. barely to taste what is chewed.

qahqʰahqʰa*   [qahqʰáhqʰaw]  qahqʰa*2. Reduplicating Verb. barely to taste what is chewed.

qahqʰalh*   [qahqʰalʔ]  qa-, hqʰalh*. Variant: qaqʰalta*. Verb. brush against with teeth; (dog to snap at someone but only) graze with the teeth.

qahqʰaqahqʰa*   [qahqʰaqahqʰaw]  qahqʰa*1. Reduplicating Verb. drag in teeth. qahqʰaqáqʰa·qaʔ (dog) to drag upward along the ground something held in its teeth.

qahqʰaṭ*   [qahqʰaʔ]  qa-, hqʰaṭ*1. Verb. rip with teeth.

qahsa*   [qahsaw]  qaʔdi*. Verb. move several, between forces: with the teeth, by chewing, eating. libu· ṭʼo qʼoʔo mane·yacʰma qasamʔ the instrument used by the dancers is a whistle.

qahsi*   [qahsiw]  qa-, hsi*2. Verb. shred with teeth or scissors. qasihtaʔ to shred (with scissors or teeth). qahsíhsiʔ to shred to pieces with teeth. qahsitaʔ to bite off one strip. qahsitá·ci D: Causative, Semelfactive, Imperative. qahsitá·cedu D: Durative, Causative. qasíhtaqa D: Plural Object, Imperative. qahsíhsiʔ to rip to pieces with teeth or with scissors. qahsíhsici D: Plural, Imperative.

qahsihsic*   [qahsihsiʔ]  . Verb. rip with teeth.

qahsil   [qahsil]  qahsil*. Adjective. cold (causing cold) (of weather, not physical cold). cohšo qáhsile· to my hand feels cold. hiʔda qáhsil road where you get cold. ʔahca qáhsil cold house. compare: ʔihyu·mʔ.

qahsil šololo·ṭʼibiʔ   [qahsil šololó·ṭʼibiʔ]  qahsil, šololo·ṭ*. Noun. goose pimples or a rash. compare: šoloʔlo1.

qahsil dacew   [qahsíl dacew]  dace*. Verb. catch cold.

qahsil šololo·ṭʼibiʔ   [qahsil šololó·ṭʼibiʔ]  qahsil, šololo·ṭ*. Noun. goose pimples or a rash. compare: šoloʔlo1.

qahsil*   [qahsilʔ]   Verb. be cold; get cold. qahsili get cold. synonyms: duʔsʼaʔtʼa·d*.

qahsil   [qahsil]  qahsil*. Adjective. cold (causing cold) (of weather, not physical cold). cohšo qáhsile· to my hand feels cold. hiʔda qáhsil road where you get cold. ʔahca qáhsil cold house. compare: ʔihyu·mʔ.

qahsil šololo·ṭʼibiʔ   [qahsil šololó·ṭʼibiʔ]  qahsil, šololo·ṭ*. Noun. goose pimples or a rash. compare: šoloʔlo1.

qahsili·   [qahsili·]  qahsil*. Noun. great cold, severe cold weather.

qahsili·   [qahsili·]  qahsil*. Noun. great cold, severe cold weather.

qahsit*   [qahsiʔ]  qa-, hsit*. Verb. make little pieces, strips with teeth; break off with teeth. qasitá·law to peel (bark) downward with teeth (used to do it to acorns and buckeye). qasitá·lame·du D: Durative, Directional "down". qahsití·biʔ to break off with teeth. Example Variant: qahsitá·du.

qasita·law   [qasitá·law]  qahsit*, -ala. Noun. soaked and split buckeye nuts. synonyms: dihsa.

qahsokʼo·t*   [qahsokʼoʔ]  qa-, hsokʼo·t*1. Verb. spurt by biting. balá· qahsokʼoʔ to bite and make blood spurt out. (mul) ya·pálka qahsokʼoʔ to bite into juicy apple. qahsokʼo·ti D: Imperative (one place). qahsokʼótʰmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qahsokʼohtʰu D: Negative. qahsokʼó·tacʼwacʼmeʔ D: Durative, Plural Imperative. qahsokʼó·tadu D: Durative. qahsokʼó·tanʔwadu D: Durative. qahsokʼó·taʔtʰuʔ D: Durative, Negative. synonyms: qahšokʼo·t*.

qahsom*   [qahsomʔ]  qa-, hsom*1. Verb. mess up by eating (i.e., eating decoration on pretty cake).

qahsuhsu*   [qahsuhsuw]  qa-, hsu*2. Verb. chew to pieces. synonyms: qahcʰuhcʰu*.

qahsut*   [qahsuʔ]  qa-, hsut*. Verb. cut in pieces with scissors. bihše sʼúwaʔ qahsuti eat jerky (it comes off in strips). synonyms: bihsut*.

qahša*   [qahšaw]  qa-, hša*2. Verb. disarrange with teeth.

qahšahša*   [qahšahšaw]  qahša*. Reduplicating Verb. disarrange, mess up, with teeth, when eating. qahšáhšaʔ horse to mess up bale of hay.

qahšahša*   [qahšahšaw]  qahša*. Reduplicating Verb. disarrange, mess up, with teeth, when eating. qahšáhšaʔ horse to mess up bale of hay.

qahšan*   [qahšanʔ]  qa-, hšan*. Verb. be resilient, as of marshmallow.

qahše*   [qahšew]  qa-, hše*1. Cooccurrence: only with negative. Verb. never fail to do, between forces: with the teeth, by chewing, eating. maʔa qáhšew ʔtʰin e· ma you’re not backwards in eating.

qahšimʔ   [qahšimʔ]   Noun. hill bunchgrass. Festuca californica (Grass Family).

qahšimʔwiša·   [qahšímʔwiša·]  qahšimʔ, wiša·. Place Name. hill bunchgrass ridge.

qahšimʔwiša·   [qahšímʔwiša·]  qahšimʔ, wiša·. Place Name. hill bunchgrass ridge.

qahšo   [qahšo]   Adjective. raw. maʔa qahšo raw food.

cuhni· qahšo   [cuhni· qáhšo]  Lit: raw bread; raw bread cuhni·, qahšo. Noun. dough.

qahšokʼo·t*   [qahšokʼóʔ]  qa-, hšokʼo·t*. Verb. bite something so soft that teeth go in easily. synonyms: qahsokʼo·t*.

qahšolh*   [qahšolʔ]  qa-, hšolh*. Verb. come loose, release from teeth. qahšolhmaʔ to release from the teeth. qahšólhmacʼi release from the teeth!

qahšolhmacʼ*   [qahšolhmaʔ]  . Verb. release from teeth.

qahšukʼu·ṭ*   [qahšukʼuʔ]  qa-, hšukʼu·ṭ*. Verb. sink into with the teeth; bite into. cáke qahšukʼúṭʰmela I bit into the cake. Example Variant: ...qahšukʼúṭʰwiye· to..

qahtay*   [qahtayʔ]  qa-, htay*1. Verb. tase. maʔú ṭʼo koci·na ʔem maʔa qáhtayʔba yo·yó·ciy this pig got a taste of food and can’t control himself.

qahtenh*   [qahténʔ]  qa-, htenh*1. Verb. flatten, arrange with the teeth, by chewing. qahwe· ʔel qahténhcipʰi qacʼohqa chew the gum down and make it ready to chew.

qahtenʔ   [qahtenʔ]  htenh*1.

qahtimac*   [qahtimac]  hqamac*.

qahtoš*   [qahtoš]  qa-, htoš*1. Verb. have thick, puffed up face (but not of cheeks). qahtošciw D: Semelfactive, Absolutive. qahtóšmaw D: Essive, Absolutive. ʔacaʔ huʔú·mo qahtóšma· wá·nʔ a man with a thick puffed-up face is coming (or going along). Example Variant: ...mohtošma·.... ya·palka qahtošciteʔ I’m going to bite off on the apple (a big or little piece).

qahtʰa*   [qahtʰaw]  qa-, htʰa*, qa-, htʰa*. Verb. finish eating fast.

qahtʰohtʰoc*   [qahtʰóhtʰoʔ]  qa-, htʰohtʰo*, qa-. Instr Verb Stem. (mice) nibble holes or pieces off.

qahṭakeye*   [qahṭakeyew]  qa-, hṭekeye*, qa-, hṭekeye*. Verb. face distorted. ʔacaʔ (haʔbo) qahṭekéyeyiʔ caw the person is sitting with corners of mouth down, jaw forward. qahṭekéyehtimʔ

qahṭʰa*   [qahṭʰaw]  qa-, hṭʰa*2. Verb. open (bottle) with teeth.

qahwatʼ*   [qahwaʔ]  qa-, hwatʼ*. Verb. flop, disintegrate, lose tenseness, tone, collapse, between forces: with the teeth, by chewing, eating. dabo·máʔ qahwátʼciw old floppy hat. Example Variant: dabo·máʔ qahwatʼwatʼaʔ. qahwátʼci D: Semelfactive, Imperative. qahwátʼciwacʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative, Semelfactive. qawáhtʼimmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qahwatʼmaw of typewriter cover on in shapeless way. ʔacaʔ tʼilékinʔ yaʔ – dabo·máʔ qahwátʼmahqaw – hoʔtʼo tól banemacʼbina the old man let an old ragged floppy hat be on his head.

qahwaṭʰ*   [qahwaʔ]  qa-, hwaṭʰ*. Verb. have wide, fat face. qahwáṭʰmaw to have a wide, fat face. qawaṭi·biʔ (face) to get wide.

qahwa·   [qahwa·]   Noun. bark (of tree).

qahwel*   [qahwelʔ]  qa-, hwel*2. Cooccurrence: with negative. Verb. dawdle while eating; eat slowly, interminably. qahwélqaw ʔtʰin (a child) to dawdle over food so that can’t finish when meal is over – he may finish but is very slow.

qahwe·   [qahwe·´]   Variant: qahye. Noun. gum, pitch, tree sap.

qahwe· siwo·lʔ   [qahwe· siwólʔ]  qahwe·, siwo·lʔ. Noun. Indian glue, made of pitch.

qʰaqahwe·   [qʰaqáhwe·]  Lit: water pitch qahwe·, qahwe·, qahwe·. Noun. Gum plant. Grindelia stricta venulosa (Sunflower Family).

qʰaqahwe·   [qʰaqáhwe·]  Lit: water pitch qahwe·, qahwe·, qahwe·. Noun. Gum plant. Grindelia stricta venulosa (Sunflower Family).

qʰaqahwe·   [qʰaqáhwe·]  Lit: water pitch qahwe·, qahwe·, qahwe·. Noun. Gum plant. Grindelia stricta venulosa (Sunflower Family).

šimamo qahwe·   [šimamó qahwe·]  šimamo, qahwe·. Noun. ear wax.

qahwe· siwo·lʔ   [qahwe· siwólʔ]  qahwe·, siwo·lʔ. Noun. Indian glue, made of pitch.

qahye   [qahye]  qahwe·.

qahye·*   [qahyew]  qa-, hye·*. Variant: qayec*. Verb. finish eating, stop chewing or eating. qahye maʔa ʔ stop eating food! Example Variant: maʔa qahye.. qahye mul qahwe ʔ stop chewing that gum!

qahyol*   [qahyolʔ]  qa-, hyol*. Variant: qayolaq*. Verb. chew several things together. qayolaʔ D: Plural. mul qahyola·du to ʔe· qʼoʔdi qaʔtʼaw that (food) tastes good eaten with something else. synonyms: hcaw*.

qahyo·c*   [qahyoʔ]  qahyol*. Verb. eat several things together.

qahyo·c*   [qahyoʔ]  qahyol*. Verb. eat several things together.

qahyu*   [-]  qa-, hyu*2. Cooccurrence: always reduplicated, see reduplicated forms. Reduplicating Verb. crush, break into little pieces. between forces: with the teeth, by chewing, eating.

qahyuhyu*   [qahyuhyuw]  qahyu*. Reduplicating Verb. crush, break into little pieces betwee forces, i.e., with a grinder. qʰaʔbe qahyuhyuhqaw to crush rocks by machine to make gravel (or even to powder).

qahyuhyu*   [qahyuhyuw]  qahyu*. Reduplicating Verb. crush, break into little pieces betwee forces, i.e., with a grinder. qʰaʔbe qahyuhyuhqaw to crush rocks by machine to make gravel (or even to powder).

qahyut*   [qahyuʔ]  qa-, hyut*. Verb. break something crumbly with teeth. hiʔbu sʼúwaʔ qahyutʰciye· ma you crushed the potato chips with your teeth.

qakilm*   [qakilmaw]  qaki·l*. Verb. swing something held in teeth.

qakimci*   [qakimciw]  qa-, kim*. Verb. stretch with teeth.

qaki·l*   [qakilʔ]  qa-, ki·l*1. Variant: qakilm*. Verb. swing something held in teeth, as a dog.

qakolm*   [qakolmaw]  qako·l*.

qako·l*   [qakolʔ]  qa-, ko·l*. Variant: qakolm*. Verb. spin (of heavy object) between forces: with the teeth, by chewing, eating.

kʼaṭa qakolqaw   [kʼaṭa qakolqaw]  kʼaṭa1, qako·l*. Verb. wash clothes in washing machine that has a turning agitator.

qaku·l*   [qakulʔ]  qa-, ku·l*. Verb. mouth, cheeks bulge. qaku·lma D: Imperative. cumaṭʼem maʔa qasalá·mecʼbina qakulciw the squirrel must have put food down in its (mouth) with its teeth; they are bulging out.

qaku·ṭ*   [qakuʔ]  qa-, ku·ṭ*2. Verb. horse to eat leaves off tree.

qakʰekʰeṭ*   [qakʰekʰeʔ]  qa-, kʰekʰe·ṭ*. Verb. pull out a string with the teeth. qakʰekʰé·ṭiʔ eating (peas), pulling the pods through teeth, stripping off the peas and pods but leaving out the strings (not of corn). qakʰekʰé·ṭaqoʔ D: Directional.

qakʰo   [qakʰo]   Noun. soft flesh under the chin. qakʰo di·bóšbošo double chin.

qakʰu·l*   [qakʰulʔ]  qa-, kʰu·l*1. Verb. feel rough-textured to teeth, i.e., while eating. miṭáʔ qakʰulʔ feel sand in food.

qakʼal*   [qakʼalʔ]  qa-, kʼal*1. Verb. open slightly between forces: with the teeth, by chewing, eating.

qakʼalqa*   [qakʼálqaw]  qakʼal*. Verb. pry open a little. qakʼalqa pry it open a little.

qakʼalqa*   [qakʼálqaw]  qakʼal*. Verb. pry open a little. qakʼalqa pry it open a little.

qakʼis*   [qakʼis]  qa-, kʼis*. Verb. scratch lightly with the teeth.

qakʼišicʼ*   [qakʼišíʔ]  qa-, kʼi·š*3. Verb. gnash one'€™s teeth (several times). hoʔo qákʼiši·cʼi grate your teeth! qaʔkʼišciw gnash teeth once. hoʔo qakʼišiʔ to grate one's teeth.

qakʼi·*   [qakʼiw]  qa-, kʼi·*1. Verb. cut or scratch something living sufficently to cause bleeding, using teeth. qakʼiʔ to cut oneself (on the lips) against the teeth.

qakʼo·ṭ*   [qakʼoʔ]  qa-, kʼo·ṭ*. Verb. gnaw away. qakʼo·ṭʰqʰ gnaw away. compare: qaʔkʼoʔkʼoc*.

qalac*   [qalaʔ]  qa-, lac*. Variant: qadaya*. Verb. miss biting entirely.

qalaqala*   [qalaqalaw]  qalac*. Reduplicating Verb. keep failing to bite off.

qalala   [qalala]   Noun. barn swallow (bird). šiyo qálala tree swallow (with grey-white breast).

qalamʔ qʰale   [qalamʔ qʰale]  qala·mʔ, qʰale1. Noun. 1 • big leaf maple tree.

2 • fig tree.

qalapʰu   [qalapʰu]   Noun. mole (on the skin), freckle.

qalaqala*   [qalaqalaw]  qalac*. Reduplicating Verb. keep failing to bite off.

qalasʼa*   [qalasʼaw]  qasʼa·*.

qalaṭʼa*   [qalaṭʼaw]  qaṭʼa·*, qaʔṭʼa*, la-. Verb. 1 • hold between two objects with teeth.

2 • be smashed by anything.

=qalay   [qalay]  =hqal.

qala·cʼic*   [qala·cʼic]  qala·duc*.

qala·duc*   [qala·duʔ]  hqal*3. Variant: qala·cʼic*. Verb. abstain until a set period of time has been reached.

qala·mʔ   [qalamʔ]   Noun. 1 • big leaf maple. Acer macrophyllum (Maple Family).

2 • fig, fig tree. qalamʔ kʼili dark fig. qalamʔ qʰalaʔ light fig.

3 • fleshy part of tree fruit that is eaten; spot on hull of /behe/ which is eaten/ maple seed.

qalamʔ qʰale   [qalamʔ qʰale]  qala·mʔ, qʰale1. Noun. 1 • big leaf maple tree.

2 • fig tree.

qala·tacʼ*   [qala·tacʼ]  hqalad*.

qala·tala*   [qalá·talaw]  hqala·la*.

qaleqale*   [qaleqalew]  qa-, le*. Cooccurrence: usually with semelfactive -c or semelfactive and reflexive -c-icʼ > -yicʼ. Reduplicating Verb. exclude by eating. maʔa wi qaleqáleyicʼbina ʔa· ʔama· ci·cʼínʔkʰe ʔyowal to šuʔumqʰ by eating food I must have forgotten what I was going to do.

qali1   [qali]   Adjective. clear (of weather); sky (when clear). ʔama qaliye· bimaci it's cleared up today. ʔamaqáli clear weather. qali mamaw @. qalihyú· frost; cold crisp weather. qali(·) ʔáma· tol ʔama qali ṭʰáʔbamʔ it's clear weather. qaliqʰáʔbe qali ʔ the ski is clear. qaliqʰaʔbe qali ʔé· to daw I like clear skies. compare: ṭʰali.

qali bane·bic   [qali bane·biʔ]  qali1, bane*2. Verb. start (jump from being startled).

qali to· cʼoʔ   [qali tó· cʼoʔ]  qali1, cʼo·cʼ*. Noun. angel (‘heavenly appearance’).

qaliqʰaʔbe   [qaliqʰáʔbe]  Lit: clear rock, above rock; rock above; clear rock qali1, qʰaʔbe. Noun. sky.

qali·c   [qaliʔ´]  qali1. Verb. clear up (of the weather). qali·y it cleared up (the sky became clear). qali·ci clear up (to weather)!

qali2   [qali]  qali·.

qali bakʰe   [qali bakʰe]  . Adjective. heavenly.

qali bakʰe yac   [qali bákʰe yaʔ]  qali·, =bakʰe1, =yac. Noun. angel, God. compare: ʔama· yow ʔbakʰe yac.

qali bane·bic   [qali bane·biʔ]  qali1, bane*2. Verb. start (jump from being startled).

qali to· cʼoʔ   [qali tó· cʼoʔ]  qali1, cʼo·cʼ*. Noun. angel (‘heavenly appearance’).

qali ʔama·   [qali ʔáma·]  Lit: high place qali·, ʔama·2. Noun. heaven. qali ʔáma· tol in heaven.

qalicatʰmucʼ   [qalicátʰmuʔ]  Lit: flying high here and there several times hca*1, hca*2. Noun. airplane.

qalihca   [qalihcaw]  qali·, ʔahca. Noun. upstairs, upper room. compare: wišahcaw.

qalikʼoṭo   [qalikʼoṭo]  qali·, kʼoṭo. Noun. roof of mouth, palate (of mouth).

qalil   [qalil]  qali·.

qalil hcaw   [qalíl hcaw]  hca*1, hca*2. Verb. jump quickly up high.

qalil hqʰaʔ cuqʼa·ṭiʔ   [qalíl hqʰaʔ cuqʼa·ṭiʔ]  Lit: combed skyward qalil, =hqʰac, cuqʼa·ṭicʼ*. Noun. pompadour.

qaliqʰaʔbe   [qaliqʰáʔbe]  Lit: clear rock, above rock; rock above; clear rock qali1, qʰaʔbe. Noun. sky.

qalitow   [qalitow]  qali·, =tow2. Adjective. 1 • heavenly, from heaven.

2 • top, above.

qali·   [qali·´]   Variant: qali; qalil. 1 • Adverb. up, into the air. qalil waqa·ci go up (the hill)! qali· waqá·ci go up to heaven. qalil pʰilaʔ @. compare: wiša·, wina·.

2 • Adjective. high, up off the ground. cahno qali· tʼa·de· to I feel high hearted. cahno qali· higher word, better word. qali· šutʼaʔ to shift into high (gear). compare: wina·, wiša.

3 • Adjective. holy. qali cáhno bible words; holy words.

4 • Adjective. steep. qalíl steep.

hoqalitow   [hoqálitow]  ʔoho, qali·, =tow2. Adverb. above the fire.

qali bakʰe yac   [qali bákʰe yaʔ]  qali·, =bakʰe1, =yac. Noun. angel, God. compare: ʔama· yow ʔbakʰe yac.

qali ʔama·   [qali ʔáma·]  Lit: high place qali·, ʔama·2. Noun. heaven. qali ʔáma· tol in heaven.

qalihca   [qalihcaw]  qali·, ʔahca. Noun. upstairs, upper room. compare: wišahcaw.

qalikʼoṭo   [qalikʼoṭo]  qali·, kʼoṭo. Noun. roof of mouth, palate (of mouth).

qalitow   [qalitow]  qali·, =tow2. Adjective. 1 • heavenly, from heaven.

2 • top, above.

qali· ca   [qali· cáw]  qali·, ca*3. Verb. stay up (all night).

qali· cisa·qaʔli   [qali· cisá·qaʔli]  Lit: what carries a group up qali·, cisa·qac*. Noun. elevator.

qali·lhqʰac*   [qalilhqʰáʔ]  qali·, -l, =hqʰac. Adverb. 1 • upward, toward the sky.

2 • face up.

šiʔba qali·   [šiʔba qáli·]  Lit: high body šiʔba, qali·. Adjective. peppy, bright, fresh. naṭa šiʔba qáli· peppy child.

qali· ca   [qali· cáw]  qali·, ca*3. Verb. stay up (all night).

qali· cisa·qaʔli   [qali· cisá·qaʔli]  Lit: what carries a group up qali·, cisa·qac*. Noun. elevator.

qali·c   [qaliʔ´]  qali1. Verb. clear up (of the weather). qali·y it cleared up (the sky became clear). qali·ci clear up (to weather)!

qali·lhqʰac*   [qalilhqʰáʔ]  qali·, -l, =hqʰac. Adverb. 1 • upward, toward the sky.

2 • face up.

qali·t*   [qaliʔ]  qa-, li·t*. Verb. move circularly, move through a medium (air, water) in an arc, with teeth. hayu yaʔ kʼaṭa qali·tʰ the dog swung the cloth several times. Example Variant: ...qaʔliʔliw.. qalitʰciw D: Semelfactive, Absolutive. compare: qaʔliʔli*.

qalo   [qalo]  qa-, lo·*. Variant: qalu. Adjective. not soaked soft enough; unleached, uncured (of acorns or olives). ʔoʔ qalo ʔqa· maʔu· ʔoʔ bótʼsicʼowʔtʰin this is not soaked enough yet, it is not yet become soft. Example Variant: qalu ʔqa·. biʔdu qalu acorns which are not soaked enough. biʔdu kihlaʔ qalu ʔ it's still not soaked enough. applied to acorns in the shell soaked from fall to spring.

qalol*   [qalolʔ]  qahlo*.

qaloqalo*   [qaloqalow]  qa-, lo*. Reduplicating Verb. gargle, rinse out mouth. qaloqálocʼmeʔ gargle (to several)! Example Variant: qaloqálotʰmacʼmeʔ. qaloqáloʔ one to gargle. qaloʔqálotʰmaʔ several to gargle. qaloqálo·cʼi gargle! qaloqálow to rinse out mouth. qaloqáloʔti ʔahqʰa qáʔdiyicʼba sóh qaloqalow he took a mouth full of water to gargle but just rinsed out his mouth.

qaloṭʼo*   [qalaṭʼow]  qaṭʼo·*. Verb. peel whole thing with teeth.

qalqasʼa   [qálqasʼa]   Variant: qalsʼa. Noun. lupine, especially the yellow-flowered lupine or the coastal lupine (beach lupine). root was used to make cord and rope. Lupinus arboreus and other Lupinus sp. (Pea Family).

qalqasʼa hqʰoṭ   [qálqasʼahqʰoʔ]  qalqasʼa, ʔihqʰoṭ. Noun. lupine root.

qalqasʼa qawiyya   [qalqasʼa qawiyya]  qalqasʼa. Noun. small blue-flowered lupine.

qalqasʼa hqʰoṭ   [qálqasʼahqʰoʔ]  qalqasʼa, ʔihqʰoṭ. Noun. lupine root.

qalqasʼa qawiyya   [qalqasʼa qawiyya]  qalqasʼa. Noun. small blue-flowered lupine.

qalsʼa   [qalsʼa]  qalqasʼa.

qalu   [qalu]  qalo.

qalu*   [qaluw]  qa-. Verb. rub with teeth.

qaluʔta*   [qalúʔtaw]  qahlud*.

qam*   [-]   Instr Verb Root. become clear and pure (usually of water). synonyms: bise·l*, siqam*, ṭʰali·m.

siqam*   [siqamʔ]  si-, qam*. Verb. 1 • (water) become clear and pure. siqamy it cleared. (of water). siqamáhqaw to cause to clear up; to eat dessert (because it is said to clear the digestive tract). siqama·qa!!dem (water) clearing. siqama get clear (to water)! siqamá·du keep being clear. siqamá·tacʼmeʔ get clear (to several bodies of water)! siqamáhqa (said to person) to eat dessert to clear their digestive tract. synonyms: qam*, bise·l*, ṭʰali·m, ṭʰali·m, bise·l*.

2 • be pure, of spirit; cleansed.

siqamʔ   [siqamʔ]  siqam*. Adjective. clear, pure (of water). ʔahqʰa siqamʔ clear, pure water.

qamhmic*   [qamhmiʔ]  qa-, mhmic*. Verb. be sure to taste right. synonyms: simhmic*.

qami*   [qamiw]  qa-, mi*1. Verb. notice a different taste. qamitʰéla· ʔa I don’t recognize (can’t tell) what I’m eating. qamitá·du taste it, recognize the taste. maʔa qámita·du hqal e·ma you are an odd-taster; complain about all the food you taste. synonyms: simi*.

qamu·*   [-]   Cooccurrence: only occurs with -mucʼ. Verb. battle. qamú·muwa·taʔ several battles. duhkʰú·muʔ to fight. qamuʔ to bet against someone, gamble.

qamu·mucʼ*1   [qamú·muʔ]  Lit: battle each other qamu·*. Verb. fight (with each other), battle. qamú·mucʼi fight e.o. as in war. pʰala qámu·mucʼi fight e.o. as in war again.

cuhma qamu·muʔ yacʰma   [cuhma qamú·muʔ yacʰma]  cuhma, qamu·mucʼ*1, =yacʰma. Variant: qamu·muʔ yacʰma. Noun. army; soldiers. compare: ʔahqʰa tol qamu·muʔ yacʰma; synonyms: cuhma dúhkʰu·muʔ yacʰma.

qamu·mucʼ*2   [qamú·muʔ]  Lit: battle each other qamu·mucʼ*1. Noun. war, battle, fighting.

ʔahqʰa tol qamu·muʔ yacʰma   [ʔahqʰa tol qamú·muʔ yacʰma]  Lit: those who fight on the water ʔahqʰa, =tol, qamu·mucʼ*1, =yac. Noun. navy. compare: cuhma qamu·muʔ yacʰma; synonyms: ʔahqʰatol duhkʰu·muʔ yacʰma.

qamu·mucʼ*1   [qamú·muʔ]  Lit: battle each other qamu·*. Verb. fight (with each other), battle. qamú·mucʼi fight e.o. as in war. pʰala qámu·mucʼi fight e.o. as in war again.

cuhma qamu·muʔ yacʰma   [cuhma qamú·muʔ yacʰma]  cuhma, qamu·mucʼ*1, =yacʰma. Variant: qamu·muʔ yacʰma. Noun. army; soldiers. compare: ʔahqʰa tol qamu·muʔ yacʰma; synonyms: cuhma dúhkʰu·muʔ yacʰma.

qamu·mucʼ*2   [qamú·muʔ]  Lit: battle each other qamu·mucʼ*1. Noun. war, battle, fighting.

ʔahqʰa tol qamu·muʔ yacʰma   [ʔahqʰa tol qamú·muʔ yacʰma]  Lit: those who fight on the water ʔahqʰa, =tol, qamu·mucʼ*1, =yac. Noun. navy. compare: cuhma qamu·muʔ yacʰma; synonyms: ʔahqʰatol duhkʰu·muʔ yacʰma.

qamu·mucʼ*2   [qamú·muʔ]  Lit: battle each other qamu·mucʼ*1. Noun. war, battle, fighting.

qamu·muʔ yacʰma   [qamu·muʔ yacʰma]  cuhma qamu·muʔ yacʰma.

=qan   [qan]   1 • Particle. now.

2 • Adverb. at a time. compare: qani.

qan   [qan]  qani.

qanacʰoʔ šiʔba   [qanacʰoʔ šiʔba]  qanaʔcʰot, šiʔba. Noun. hymen.

qanaʔcʰot   [qanaʔcʰoʔ]   Noun. girl before puberty; puberty ? qanáʔcʰotʼe· mu it's a young girl (8 or 9 years old). qanáʔcʰoʔ cʰuʔli without the young girl.

qanacʰoʔ šiʔba   [qanacʰoʔ šiʔba]  qanaʔcʰot, šiʔba. Noun. hymen.

qana·*   [qanew]  qa-, na·*1. Verb. brush to cover. qanawá·duwa·du to cover here and there. hahse qána·qa· miʔkʰe ʔama· the brush covered your land. qana (to brush) Cover! qana·tʰuʔ D: Negative. qanawá·duci cover whole area. qaṭi qanamqʰ the scar healed over (the wound).

qane*  qa-, ne*2. Verb. bite. qanetʰuʔ don’t bite! qanecí·du D: Durative. qanetʰuʔ D: Negative. qanemeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qane·cʼi bite self! qʰawaʔsu yaʔ mito qaneʔkʰe the rock fish will bite you [if you don't behave]. kʼaṭa qane bite the clothes! qane D: Imperative. compare: qane·*, qayem*, qace*, qacʰa·*, qaʔden*.

qanemacʼ   [qanemaʔ]  qanema·cʼ*. Noun. relative. kʰe qánemaʔ yacʰma my relatives. kʰe qánemaʔ my relative. mu qanemácʼeʔkʰe that’s my relation. kʰe qánemacʼe·mu that’s my relative.

qanemaʔ daʔtʼa   [qanemáʔ daʔtʼaw]  qanemacʼ, daʔtʼa*. Verb. adopt as relative.

qanemacʼmucʼ   [qanemacʼmuʔ]  qanema·cʼ*. Adjective. clan, related.

qanemaʔ daʔtʼa   [qanemáʔ daʔtʼaw]  qanemacʼ, daʔtʼa*. Verb. adopt as relative.

qanema·cʼ*   [qanemaʔ]  Lit: to pray to the woods Verb. 1 • pray. pʰusʼitol qanemá·cʼedu to pray over dead body. qanemá·cʼiwacʼmeʔ pray (to several)! . qanemá·cʼedu pray!; to pray. kulúlhqʰaʔ qanema·cʼedu to call for good luck (in hunting, fishing, travelling). ʔahqʰa yá·col qanema·cʼedu to pray to the water; (almost anything can be named). compare: resa·r*.

2 • call by relationship term (blood kin only). qanemá·cʼedu to call relation by relationship term. qanemá·cʼi D: Imperative. qanemácʼiwacʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qanemaʔ to call relatives. qanemá·cʼedu ʔe· mukinʔ ma·dal he is related to her. ʔá ·ṭʼo ma·dáʔkʰe qanemáʔtʰin I’m not related to her. qanemácʼmucʼehni mayá are you related to e.o. ? qanemaʔ to be related. maʔu ʔácacʼem ma·dal qanemá·cʼ this man is related to her. used in church.

pʰusʼi tol qanema·cʼed   [pʰusʼi tól qanemá·cʼedu]  pʰusʼi, =tol, qanema·cʼ*. Verb. give funeral oration, pray over the body.

qanemacʼ   [qanemaʔ]  qanema·cʼ*. Noun. relative. kʰe qánemaʔ yacʰma my relatives. kʰe qánemaʔ my relative. mu qanemácʼeʔkʰe that’s my relation. kʰe qánemacʼe·mu that’s my relative.

qanemaʔ daʔtʼa   [qanemáʔ daʔtʼaw]  qanemacʼ, daʔtʼa*. Verb. adopt as relative.

qanemacʼmucʼ   [qanemacʼmuʔ]  qanema·cʼ*. Adjective. clan, related.

qane·*   [qanew]  qa-, ne·*. Verb. soak. kʼaṭa ʔahqʰa qáne soak the clothes! qane·tʰuʔ don’t soak (clothes, deer hide, feet)! kʼaṭa qane D: Soak the clothes! ʔahqʰa qanew to soak in water. ʔahqʰa qane miʔkʰe kʼaṭa ʔ soak your clothes in the water! compare: qane*.

qani   [qani]   Variant: qan. Adverb. probably, expectedly. qaní cohtó· ti ʔinsʼey I bet she's going out. ʔa·ti(·) to cohtocʰqapʰila ʔeti qani cohto·tʰíʔbey (even) if I told him to go, I bet he wouldn't go. qani cohtocíʔbey I bet he would go. ʔa· tito cohtócʰqapʰila qani cohtocíʔbey if I told him to go, I bet he would go. qani maʔa bimucínʔba cohtocínsʼey I bet he has eaten and left. Example Variant: qan .... qan maʔa bimucínʔpʰi cohto·sʼuwey I bet he will eat and leave. qan maʔa bímucidunsʼey I bet he is eating. qan maʔbímuciʔsʼuweyhwe·qan I bet he will eat. kihláʔ qani ma mensʼínsʼey I bet you did it anyway. Example Variant: kihláʔ qan ma mensʼínsʼey. qani cohtocínsʼey I bet he's gone. Example Variant: cohtocínsʼe· qani. cohtó·tʰinsʼe· qani I bet he hasn't gone. mensʼínsʼe· qani ma I suppose you did that. Example Variant: mensʼínsʼe· qan ma | qani mensʼínsʼe· ma. men qaní ʔiʔbey that's the way it would be. qan mayal cʰóhqaʔsʼuwey they might scold you. Example Variant: qani mayal cʰóhqaʔsʼuwey. qašo·qónsʼe· qani I suppose he is getting well. qani banawá·dunsʼey I bet he lied; I suppose he lied. mi·li qan íyowe· ʔa wa·du there is where I came through. mi·li qane· ʔa wa·du D: Possibly recent past. cohtocínsʼe· qani (maʔu) she must have left (by now); she must be leaving (now). compare: =hla·li, pʰiʔtʼan, =qan.

qapa*   [qapaw]  qa-, pa*2. Verb. be pressed in tight in an area. seʔe ʔama qápaqʰ the brush is packed in tight filling the land.

qapašci*   [qapašciw]  qa-, pa·š*. Verb. ??

qapoš   [qapoš]  qapo·š*. Noun. blister (from pressure). compare: qʰasʼiʔyaš.

qapoša·tad*   [qapoša·tadu]  qapo·š*.

qapo·š*   [qapoš]  qa-, po·š*1. Variant: qapoša·tad*. Verb. blister from pressure. sapá·tu wi qapóšwiye· to qʰama I got a blister on my foot from the shoe. qapoša·du be a blister.

qapuʔsʼun   [qapúʔsʼun]   Adjective. tiny, small (of size only). naṭa qápuʔsʼun tiny baby. synonyms: qawi.

qapʰahl*   [qapʰahl]  qapʰa·l*.

qapʰa·l*   [qapʰalʔ]  qa-, pʰa·l*. Variant: qapʰahl*. Verb. ?? cover ?? hasíme mihsaʔ qapʰalciw é· mu ʔacaʔ that man is covered with a heavy mustache (so thick his upper lip can’t be seen). qapʰáhlimʔ D: Plural. Example Variant: qapʰáhliw.

qapʰuht*   [qapʰuht]  qapʰut*.

qapʰuhta·qa·li   [qapʰúhta·qa·li]  Lit: instrument to cause to spit repeatedly against.; instrument to make spit repeatedly against qapʰut*, -ay. Noun. sprayer (for insecticide).

qapʰukʼut*   [qapʰukʼúʔ]  qahpʰukʼut*, -t2.

qapʰula·tad*   [qapʰula·tadu]  qahpʰul*.

qapʰut*   [qapʰúʔ]  qa-, pʰut*2. Variant: qapʰuht*. Verb. spit, expectorate. qapʰuti spit once! qapʰutá·du to keep on spitting. qapʰutí·biʔ to spit upwards. qapʰutayʔ to spit against. qapʰúhtibiʔ spit upwards (several)! qapʰutácʼmeʔ spit (to several)!

qapʰuhta·qa·li   [qapʰúhta·qa·li]  Lit: instrument to cause to spit repeatedly against.; instrument to make spit repeatedly against qapʰut*, -ay. Noun. sprayer (for insecticide).

qapʰu·*   [qapʰuw]  qa-, pʰu·*1. Verb. spout from blowhole (of whale). pú·šu qapʰuw a whale is spouting. qapʰu·tʰuʔ don't spout! qapʰu·meʔ spout (to several)! qapʰuwá·tacʼmeʔ keep spouting (to several)!

qapʼa   [qapʼa]   Variant: qʼapa. Noun. jowls, fleshy part of the cheek.

kuhtu qapʼa   [kuhtu qápʼa]  Lit: vagina cheek kuhtu, qapʼa. Noun. vulva.

qapʼa kʼis sʼiyiʔli   [qapʼa kʼis sʼiyiʔli]  qapʼa, kʼis, sʼiyiʔli. Noun. rouge.

sili qapʼa   [sili qápʼa]  sili, qapʼa. Noun. cheeks of the buttocks.

qapʼa kʼis sʼiyiʔli   [qapʼa kʼis sʼiyiʔli]  qapʼa, kʼis, sʼiyiʔli. Noun. rouge.

qapʼanta*   [qapʼantaw]  qaʔpʼanh*.

qapʼil*   [qapʼilʔ]  qa-, pʼil*. Verb. taste or feel slick.

qaqaʔ   [qaqaʔ]  . Adjective. gnawed-on.

qaqʰahqa*   [qaqʰahqaw]  qaqʰa·*. Verb. cut with scissors. compare: no·šihca.

qaqʰal*   [qaqʰalʔ]  qa-, qʰal*1. Verb. drag (something) with teeth. qaqʰala·dadu (dog) to be intermittently dragging (a bone) along with the teeth. qaqʰáhladu·cedu @ D: Plural, Dur. qaqʰala·du (be·li) drag hither.

qaqʰalta*   [qaqʰaltaw]  , qahqʰalh*. Verb. ¡plu#.

qaqʰaqʰaṭ*   [qaqʰaqʰaʔ]  qa-, qʰaqʰaṭ*. Verb. scrape between two forces, with the teeth. qaqʰaqʰa·ṭiʔ to strip with the teeth, pulling towards oneself.

qaqʰa·*   [qaqʰaw]  qa-, qʰa·*1. Verb. detach with teeth, bite off (a grape); cut with scissors. qaqʰahqaw to cause to bite off, to cut several with scissors. qaqʰamqaw to cut with scissors.

qaqʰahqa*   [qaqʰahqaw]  qaqʰa·*. Verb. cut with scissors. compare: no·šihca.

qaqʰa·ṭ*   [qaqʰaʔ]  qa-, qʰa·ṭ*2. Verb. taste good (of something chewed). qaqʰaṭa·du keep tasting good. Example Variant: qaqʰaṭa·ducé·du. qaqʰa·ṭi (to food) taste good! qaqʰaṭʰqacʼi make something taste good to yourself. qaqʰaṭʰqacʼé·duce·du keep making something taste good to yourself.

qaqʼahci*   [qaqʼahciw]  qaʔqʼac*. Verb. stuff oneself eating.

qaqʼahcihqa·li   [qaqʼáhcihqa·li]  qaʔqʼac*. Noun. screwdriver prying or pliers.

cawikʰ qaqʼahcihqa·li   [cawikʰ qaqʼahcihqa·li]  Lit: metal tighten-several-with-jaw(like)-tool cawikʰ, qaqʼahcihqa·li. Noun. pliers. compare: cawikʰ duqʼahcihqa·li, cawikʰ qabahlimuliʔli.

qaqʼasa·tad*   [qaqʼasa·tadu]  qaqʼa·s*. Verb. scratch and make a streak with teeth.

qaqʼa·s*   [qaqʼas]  qa-, qʼa·s*. Variant: qaqʼasa·tad*. Verb. scratch and make a streak with the teeth. ya·pálka qaqʼasciw to scratch (the skin of) an apple with the teeth.

qaqʼa·ṭ*   [qaqʼaʔ]  qa-, qʼa·ṭ*1. Verb. remove layer with teeth; pick meat off bone. ʔihya· qaqʼaʔ to pick meat off bone. ʔihya· qaqʼa·ṭi pick meat off one bone!

qasa·bic*   [qasa·biʔ]  . Verb. suck (pain) out.

qase*   [qasew]  qa-, se*. Verb. dislike chewing.

qaseʔe   [qaseʔe]  ʔahqa. Noun. goal (in ball game).

qase·l*   [qaselʔ]  qa-, se·l*. Verb. clear by chewing. qase·liʔ to clean teeth by chewing gum.

qasita·law   [qasitá·law]  qahsit*, -ala. Noun. soaked and split buckeye nuts. synonyms: dihsa.

qaso·l*   [qasolʔ]  qa-, so·l*. Verb. rinse out mouth. qaso·liʔ rinse out mouth (with water) and spit out. Example Variant: siso·liʔ. synonyms: siso·l*.

qasu*   [qasuw]  qa-, su*. Variant: qasuwac*. Verb. scratch with the teeth. qasuʔ to shave off a little bit with teeth. qasuw D: Plural Action.

qasulma*   [qasulmaw]  qa-, su·l*2. Verb. long and narrow of whole face. compare: qa·ṭʼusṭʼusu, ṭʼi·s*; synonyms: qaṭʼusmaw.

qasuwac*   [qasuwaʔ]  qasu*.

qasʼa·*   [qasʼaw]  qa-, sʼa·*. Variant: qalasʼa*. Verb. break with teeth; break between two forces. (qʰale ʔiša-) qalasʼáhqa·li a forked pole for breaking high limbs from trees by catching limb in the fork of the pole by pressure.

qasʼa·l*   [qasʼalʔ]  qa-, sʼa·l*. Verb. squeeze liquid out by biting, between two forces. kʼaṭa qásʼalʔ to run wet clothes through wringer. qasʼa·lin bite and squeeze juice out.

ya·palka qasʼalʔ   [ya·pálka qasʼalʔ]  Lit: apple squeezings; apple squeezings ya·palka, qasʼa·l*. Noun. cider.

qasʼe·yi   [qasʼé·yi]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. me and my mother's mother.

qasʼihc*   [qasʼihʔ]  qa-, sʼih*. Instr Verb Stem. zigzag (design). qasʼiʔ cúhti tied design (looped together as on some costumes).

qasʼihl*  qaʔsʼil*.

qasʼiʔ cuhti   [qasʼiʔ cúhti]  cuhti. Noun. tied design (looped together) on container.

qasʼotʰqo*   [qasʼótʰqow]  qaʔsʼoq*.

qasʼuy*   [qasʼuyʔ]  qa-, sʼuy*. Verb. get pointed, have corners, be angled, pointed, by pulling, pushing and pulling; with a long flexible object. synonyms: šusʼuy*.

qašotahqa*   [qašotahqa]  qašo·hqa*.

qašotaq*   [qašotaq]  qašo·q*.

qašo·hqa*   [qašo·hqaw]  qašo·q*. Variant: qašotahqa*. Verb. heal, cure, doctor, save. qašotáhqaw to cure several. qašohqaw to cure one.

qašo·q   [qašoʔ´]  qašo·q*. Adjective. healed, cured.

qašo·q*   [qašoʔ]   Variant: qašotaq*. Verb. get well. qašo·qo D: Imperative. qašotáhmeʔ D: Plural Object, Plural Imperative. qašohtʰuʔ D: Negative. qašoqo·du to be cured. qašoqa·dadu to be improving (intrans.) qašotaʔ D: Plural, Absolutive. mu·kito qašóhy he got well. Example Variant: qašohyé· mu·kito ~ qašohyé· mu·kinʔ. qašohwiyé· to I got well. pʰusʼi qášoʔ saved from danger; saved from death; to almost have fatal accident or illness, escape by the skin of one’s teeth.

qašo·hqa*   [qašo·hqaw]  qašo·q*. Variant: qašotahqa*. Verb. heal, cure, doctor, save. qašotáhqaw to cure several. qašohqaw to cure one.

qašo·q   [qašoʔ´]  qašo·q*. Adjective. healed, cured.

qat*   [-]  hqa*6. Instr Verb Root. be stiff.

qata·m*   [qatamʔ]  qa·m*. Verb. awaken by oneself. qatá·maʔ several to wake up.

qata·macʼ*   [qatá·maʔ]  qa·macʼ, -ta-.

qati·t*   [qatiʔ]  qa-, ti·t*. Verb. roll (dough with rolling pin). cuhni· qʼahšo qatitʰqa roll the dough (with rolling pin)! compare: dati·t*.

qatuqatuc*   [qatuqatuʔ]  qa-, tu*2. Reduplicating Verb. stuff with the teeth, between the teeth. maʔa qatuqatuʔ qaʔdime·ma you are holding food with your mouth bulging.

qatuš*   [qatuš]  qa-, tuš*. Verb. cheeks swell with food; jowls bulging. qatušmaw jowls bulging. compare: htoš*2, buš*, bo·š*, bokʼ*, bu·kʼ*.

qa·tuštušu   [qa·túštušu]  qatuš*. Ideophone Adjective. swollen face. qa·túštušu like kids with a lot of gum in mouth. compare: qa·bošbošo.

qatʼac*   [qatʼaʔ]  qaʔtʼa*.

qatʼat*   [qatʼaʔ]  qa-, tʼat*2. Verb. 1 • talk about, talk idly; talk about, jaw, bat gums, bat around. qatʼati talk about it! ʔohso ʔel qatʼati talk about that clover! qatatá·du D: Durative. qatatá·duwa·du D: Plural. qaʔtʼawíye·to·ma you bawled me out (not nec. loud). synonyms: di·cʼiduwad*.

2 • chatter.

qatʼehtimqacʼ*   [qatʼehtimqaʔ]   Verb. pick out by chewing [?]

qatʼul*   [qatʼulʔ]  qa-, tʼul*. Verb. bite to squeeze out insides. qatulʔ to bite juicy sandwich so something comes out. qatʼúlciw D: Semelfactive, Absolutive.

qaṭa·n*   [qaṭanʔ]  qa-, ṭa·n*2. Verb. flipped up. pili·li wí qaṭʼa·ba qaṭani·bi·y with a wheel ran over it and it flipped up. (not entirely but just one end) (EP not sure though; probably not nec. so). Usages note: older language.

qaṭi   [qaṭi]   Noun. wound, scar (any kind). compare: ṭilaš.

qaṭihš*   [qaṭihš]  qaṭi·š*. Verb. stretched tight with teeth.

qaṭi·š*   [qaṭiš]  qa-, ṭi·š*2. Variant: qaṭihš*. Verb. be bloated, stretched tight, from eating. qaṭi·šiʔ bloat by eating. kʼaṭa qaṭi·šíʔ šatʰqacʼbina qaṭišciw he must have put on tight clothes; he is in tight clothes.

qaṭʰaṭ*   [qaṭʰaʔ]  qa-, ṭʰaṭ*. Verb. pry out with tool, e.g., screwdriver, pliers, etc. cawíkʰ qaṭʰaṭʰqa·li what you pry nails out with; wrench, screwdriver, pliers, etc.

qaṭʰo*   [qaṭʰow]  qa-, ṭʰo*. Verb. peel (e.g., an orange) with the teeth. qaṭʰotʰuʔ D: Causative, Negative. qaṭʰo D: Causative. qaṭʰo·tʰuʔ D: Causative, Negative. qaṭʰo·ci peel with teeth (apples or tomatoes, spitting out peelings). qaṭʰowa·taʔ D: Causative, Absolutive.

qaṭʼahš*   [qaṭʼahš]  qaʔṭʼaš*.

qaṭʼa·*   [qaṭʼaw]  qa-, ṭʼa·*. Variant: qalaṭʼa*. Verb. be smashed by anything; must pop – noise or inside come out (n.d.); get caught in trap. qaṭʼa·tʰuʔ D: Negative. qalaṭʼaw D: Plural. qaṭʼahqaw to smash or someone to slam door and mash (finger). huʔú· qaṭʼahqaw to wink. huʔú· qalaṭʼahqaw to wink (at someone) several times (n.d.)

qaṭʼe·1   [qaṭʼe·]   Noun. small species of chiton. synonyms: ʔimu·.

qaṭʼe·2   [qaṭʼé·]   Place Name. Katé.

qaṭʼo·*   [qaṭʼow]  qa-, ṭʼo·*. Variant: qaloṭʼo*. Verb. peel whole thing with teeth, peel in one piece. qaṭʼo·tʰuʔ D: Negative. qaṭʼoci·ducé·du D: Durative, Directional "away". qaṭʼo·cíʔtʰuʔ D: Negative. qaṭʼowá·du D: Causative. qaʔṭʼowa·law to bite downward skin off (on self). Example Variant: qaʔṭʼowa·lameʔ. qaʔṭʼo·du D: Durative, Absolutive. qaʔṭʼowá·du to peel (some, several, lots) with teeth. qaṭʼocí·du D: Durative, Causative. sapá·tu wi qʰama síli qaṭʼo·wiyé· to the shoe wore the skin off my heel (or merely sore – nothing need come off, but skin thin enough to bleed). mi· ṭa ya bahša qáṭʼow yowam at a certain place, we were peeling buckeyes with teeth. synonyms: ṭʰo*.

qaṭʼu*   [qaṭʼuw]  qa-, ṭʼu*. Verb. teeth sink into. yapálka hoʔo qaṭʼuwiye· to my teeth sank into the apple (when I bit it).

qaṭʼun*   [qaṭʼunʔ]  qa-, ṭʼun*. Verb. feel slimy in mouth; taste slimy; (food) feel slimy while eating. persímmons to· ṭʼo dáw ʔtʰin e· ʔaná· qaṭʼunʔ qaʔtʼaw ʔ I don’t like persimmons because they taste so slimy.

qaṭʼusmaw   [qaṭʼusmaw]  qa-. Adjective. small-faced, narrow, small chin, not so long. synonyms: qasulma*.

qawatʼma*   [qawatʼmaw]   Verb. old, ragged floppy, of hat or typewriter cover. compare: pihwaṭʰ*.

qawaṭʰ*   [qawaʔ]  qa-, waṭʰ*. Verb. weaken with teeth. qawaṭʰciw to bite (cherries); also of car running over something.

qaway*   [qawáyʔ]  qa-, way*1. Variant: qawayʔlac*. Verb. awaken with the teeth, by biting (as fleas do). qawayi wake him up by biting!

qawayʔlac*   [qawáyʔtaw]  qaway*.

qawa·d*   [qawa·du]  qa-, wa·d*2, qa-, wa·d*2. Verb. chew (with teeth). qahwe· qawá·du to be chewing gum. qawaʔtʰu mul qahwe ʔ don’t chew that gum! qawadu·cedú·cedu D: Durative, Directional "away". qawaʔtʰuʔ D: Negative. qawatácʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qawatáʔtʰumeʔ D: Plural Imperative, Negative. qawadu·céʔtʰuʔ D: Negative.

qawi   [qawi]   1 • Adjective. small, little (of age or size). naṭa qawi small child (up to 12). compare: qawihqa*, qawi·hqa*; synonyms: qapuʔsʼun.

2 • Adverb. a little bit.

cohšo qawi   [cohšo qáwi]  cohšo, qawi. Noun. little finger.

cohšo qawi sama· cohšo ʔbamʔ   [cohšo qáwi sama· cohšo ʔbamʔ]  Lit: finger next to the little finger cohšo qawi, sama·, cohšo ʔbamʔ. Noun. ring finger.

haʔda qawi   [haʔda qáwi]  qawi, haʔda. Noun. watch. compare: wo·lsa haʔda, do·la· haʔda.

qawi sama   [qawi sáma]  qawi, sama·. Noun. afterbirth.

qawihla·li   [qawíhla·li]  qawi, =hlaw. Adverb. a little while.

sama kʼis qawiyya   [sama kʼis qawiyya]  sama kʼis, qawi, =yya. Noun. radish.

sʼamo· qawiyya   [sʼamo· qawíyya]  sʼamo·1, qawi. Noun. gnat. synonyms: huʔuyṭʼboṭʼbo.

yama·ni qawi   [yama·ni qawi]  yama·nu, qawi. Noun. lamb.

qawi cila   [qawi cila]  . Adverb. a short while.

qawi sama   [qawi sáma]  qawi, sama·. Noun. afterbirth.

qawi*1   [qawiw]  qa-, wi*. Variant: qawit*. Verb. build.

qawihqaw   [qawihqaw]  qawi*1.

qawi*2   [qawiw]   Verb. tame.

qawihqa*   [qawíhqaw]  qawi*2. Verb. domesticate, tame (wild animal); keep (live things) for self, "not kill or give away" (not make build); tame small or large animal. qawíhqa tame! baṭʰe· qawíhqa to tame many. compare: qawi, qawi·hqa*.

qawihla·li   [qawíhla·li]  qawi, =hlaw. Adverb. a little while.

qawihqa*   [qawíhqaw]  qawi*2. Verb. domesticate, tame (wild animal); keep (live things) for self, "not kill or give away" (not make build); tame small or large animal. qawíhqa tame! baṭʰe· qawíhqa to tame many. compare: qawi, qawi·hqa*.

qawihqaw   [qawihqaw]  qawi*1.

qawima·   [qawima·]   Adjective. small space, narrow place.

qawit*   [qawiʔ]  qawi*1. Verb. build.

qawiwat*   [qawiwaʔ]  qawi·*. Verb. build.

qawiya   [qawiya]   Noun. young man, youth. qawiyá bahṭʰe a big young man.

qawiʔlayʔ   [qawíʔlayʔ]   1 • Noun. birth restrictions, post-partum period. synonyms: ko·ko.

2 • Adjective. under birth restictions. qawíʔlaye· manʔ she is under birth restrictions.

qawi·*   [qawiw]  Lit: built down into Variant: qawiwat*. Verb. build. qawiw to build, make (a house, fence, boat). qawi D: Build! qawi mul ʔ D: Build it! qawi·meʔ D: Plural Imperative. qawi·tʰuʔ D: Negative. qawi·tʰumeʔ D: Plural Imperative, Negative. qawi·yícʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative, Reflexive. qawici·ducé·du D: Durative, Directional "away". qawiwácʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qawiwá·tadu D: Plural, Durative. duhṭʰal qawiwá·lamecʼba ʔe· to duhṭʰalʔ that disease got down into me, is why it hurts.

qawi·hqa*   [qawi·hqaw]  qawi·*. Verb. let build caus. compare: qawihqa*, qawi.

qawi·hqa*   [qawi·hqaw]  qawi·*. Verb. let build caus. compare: qawihqa*, qawi.

qaya·m*   [qayamʔ]  qa-, ya·m*1. Verb. be unable to chew (because it's too tough).

qaye   [qaye]   Noun. sea palm seaweed; manzanita bush. Postelsia palmaeformis. synonyms: bahqay, naya.

qaye qʰale   [qaye qʰále]  Lit: manzanita plant Noun. Eastwood manzanita. Arctostaphylos glandulosa (Heath Family). generic: bahqay qʰale.

qayec*   [qayeʔ]  qahye·*. Verb. stop with teeth.

qayem*   [qayemʔ]  qa-. Instr Verb Stem. hold in teeth and prevent from moving. qaye·du to carry along holding in teeth. siyenʔwadu (baby) walking around with nipple in mouth by suction. naṭa qáwi yaʔ šiʔdo siyemʔ the baby is holding the breast by sucking. compare: qace*, qane*, qacʰa·*, qaʔden*.

qaye·l*   [qayelʔ]  qa-, ye·l*. Verb. chew slowly; move lips slowly. qayelmaw (deer chewing cud) slow moving of lips (jaws ?) standing. qayélqayelʔ D: Causative, Absolutive.

qayi*   [qayiw]  qa-, yi*1. Verb. make scratch along skin with tooth, make bleed. qayitʰuʔ don’t gouge with the teeth! qaʔyiqáyita·du D: Durative.

qayolaq*   [qayolaq]  qahyol*.

qayʔ   [qayʔ]   Variant: qa. Particle. Polite Request. to· qa give me some. to· qa túlse give me candy. to· qa mílʔbakʰe tulse give me some candy. to· qa mul haʔal dihciʔ please pick it up for me.

tʼo qayʔ   [tʼo qáyʔ]  tʼo, qayʔ. Adverb. later, relatively soon (sometime today). tʼo qáyʔ mensʼiteʔ (I'll do it) later. compare: hiʔlawʔ.

qaʔ   [qaʔ]   Cooccurrence: usually repeated several times. Animate Mimetic. caw, call of the crow. qʰaʔay, "qaʔ qaʔ," cedu the crow said, "Caw, caw."

qaʔba*   [qaʔbaw]  qa-, ʔba*2. Verb. be cracking open with the teeth.

qaba·c*   [qabaʔ´]  qaʔba*. Verb. crack (a nut) with the teeth.

qaʔbalh*   [qaʔbalʔ]  qa-, ʔbalh*. Verb. turn with wrench, screwdriver. compare: qaʔqʼac*.

cawikʰ qabahlimuliʔli   [cawíkʰ qabáhlimuliʔli]  Lit: metal forcefully-turn-several-around-with cawikʰ, qaʔbalh*. Noun. wrench. compare: cawikʰ duqʼahcihqa·li, cawikʰ qaqʼahcihqa·li.

cawikʰ qaʔbala·duʔli   [cawikʰ qaʔbala·duʔli]  Lit: iron repeatedly turning instrument cawikʰ, qaʔbalh*. Noun. screwdriver. synonyms: cawikʰ duqʼahcihqa·li.

qaʔbasahya   [qaʔbasáhya]   Noun. jaw.

qaʔbaṭʼa   [qaʔbaṭʼa]   Noun. Buttercup. Ranunculus californicus (Crowfoot Family).

qaʔbo*   [-]  qa-, ʔbo*3. Cooccurrence: always reduplicated, see reduplicated forms. Verb. bite pieces off.

qaʔboqaʔbo*   [qaʔboqaʔbow]  qaʔbo*. Reduplicating Verb. eat crispy thing. qaʔboqábota·du D: plural patient.

qaʔboʔbo*   [qaʔbóʔbow]  qaʔbo*. Reduplicating Verb. bite on repeatedly and many small pieces come off; eat something crispy. qaʔboʔbo eat that crispy thing! (potato chips, crackers). qaʔbóʔbowacʼiwacʼmeʔ eat crispy things here and there!

qaʔboʔbow   [qaʔbóʔbow]  qaʔboʔbo*. Adjective. crisp, crispy (of food such as crackers, potato chips).

qaʔboqaʔbo*   [qaʔboqaʔbow]  qaʔbo*. Reduplicating Verb. eat crispy thing. qaʔboqábota·du D: plural patient.

qaʔboy   [qaʔboy]   Variant: qaʔboyay. Adjective. loose, not tight, not fastened firmly. qʰale ʔíša· qaʔboy loose tree limbs (ready to fall). sulemaʔ qaʔbó· šucʰaw the rope was tied loose. sapa·tu qaʔboy shoes tied loosely. @ kalikakʰ qaʔbó· bama· cadela @ I see the books lying loose (not tight). antonym: ʔahsiy, hiʔcʼaʔcʼaʔ.

qaʔboyay   [qaʔboyay]  qaʔboy.

qaʔboʔbo*   [qaʔbóʔbow]  qaʔbo*. Reduplicating Verb. bite on repeatedly and many small pieces come off; eat something crispy. qaʔboʔbo eat that crispy thing! (potato chips, crackers). qaʔbóʔbowacʼiwacʼmeʔ eat crispy things here and there!

qaʔboʔbow   [qaʔbóʔbow]  qaʔboʔbo*. Adjective. crisp, crispy (of food such as crackers, potato chips).

qaʔboʔbow   [qaʔbóʔbow]  qaʔboʔbo*. Adjective. crisp, crispy (of food such as crackers, potato chips).

qaʔbuqabut*   [qaʔbuqabuʔ]  qaʔbuqaʔbu*. Verb. chew with the mouth closed. The only sign of the internal activity is through movements of the jaw and cheeks.

qaʔbuqaʔbu*   [qaʔbuqáʔbuw]  qa-, ʔbu*4. Variant: qaʔbuqabut*. Reduplicating Verb. chew with the mouth closed. The only sign of the internal activity is through movements of the jaw and cheeks. qaʔbuqaʔbu D: Imperative. qaʔbuqáʔbummeʔ D: Imperative Plural.

qaʔcʼa   [qaʔcʼa]   Adjective. taste of mildew, rancid butter.

qaʔcʼaba*   [qaʔcʼabaw]  qa-, ʔcʼaba*. Verb. break by biting. ya·pálka qaʔcʼabaw to bite an apple or something (hollow or) round.

qaʔcʼacid*   [qaʔcʼací·du]   Verb. cry (with sound but no tears); yell 'ouch', etc. naṭa ʔem qaʔcʼacʼi·nʔ the child is really screaming (right now). synonyms: qaʔcʼaṭ*.

qaʔcʼaṭ*   [qaʔcʼáʔ]   Variant: qacʼaṭ*. Verb. cry with tears, whether silent or with noise; mourn. naṭa ʔel bine ʔana· qaʔcʼaṭʰ hug that child, he's crying a lot! miʔkʰe naṭa ʔana· qaʔcʼaṭʰ your baby is crying a lot (right now; e.g. telling the mother). šoce· ma hayu ʔem qaʔcʼaṭamˇ do you hear the dog crying? šoce· ma hayu ʔem duwe qaʔcʼaṭamˇ did you hear the dog crying yesterday? hayu ʔem qaʔcʼahte hniˇ didn't the dog cry? qaʔcʼahtʰuʔ don't cry! qaʔcʼáṭʼkʰe min tʼa·nʔ I feel like crying. Example Variant: tʼa·de· to. qaʔcʼáṭʰmela I cried (yesterday). qaʔcʼaʔ da·we· to I want to cry. qaʔcʼaʔ da·tʰe· to I don't want to cry. Gene qaʔcʼáʔ da·qáʔtʰin G doesn't want to cry. qaʔcʼaṭá·duwa·du moving around crying. qaʔcʼaṭi cry! qaʔcʼaṭin @. qaʔcʼaṭá·du mourning, crying with tears and noise. compare: qacʼa·m*; synonyms: qaʔcʼacid*.

qaʔcʼet*   [qaʔcʼeʔ]  qa-, ʔcʼet*. Verb. bite off piece (of apple).

qaʔcʼo*   [-]  qa-, ʔcʼo*. Cooccurrence: always reduplicated, see reduplicated forms. Reduplicating Verb. gnaw to pieces.

qaʔcʼoʔcʼo*   [qaʔcʼoʔcʼow]  qaʔcʼo*. Cooccurrence: usually with semelfactive -c. Reduplicating Verb. gnaw to pieces, chew up, cut to pieces with scissors. qaʔcʼóʔcʼoʔ gnaw to pieces. qaʔcʼóʔcʼocʰqaw cut to pieces with scissors. qaʔcʼoʔcʼoci chew up (net)! compare: qaʔcʼolhma*, qahlihli*.

qaʔcʼolhma*   [qaʔcʼólhmaw]  qa-, ʔcʼolh*1. Variant: qacʼohlim*. Verb. gnaw a hole in something. compare: qaʔcʼoʔcʼo*.

qaʔcʼon*   [qaʔcʼonʔ]  qa-, ʔcʼon*. Verb. bite off.

qaʔcʼoʔcʼo*   [qaʔcʼoʔcʼow]  qaʔcʼo*. Cooccurrence: usually with semelfactive -c. Reduplicating Verb. gnaw to pieces, chew up, cut to pieces with scissors. qaʔcʼóʔcʼoʔ gnaw to pieces. qaʔcʼóʔcʼocʰqaw cut to pieces with scissors. qaʔcʼoʔcʼoci chew up (net)! compare: qaʔcʼolhma*, qahlihli*.

qaʔden*   [qaʔdenʔ]  qa-, ʔden*. Verb. bite; pierce with teeth. qaʔdeni bite several times! (can’t clarify extent; it can apparently be weak or strong bite). qaʔdená·tadu D: Durative. ʔimelá yaʔ qaʔdené· to a flea is biting me (several places). ʔimelá yacʰma qaʔdené· to fleas are biting me. qaʔdená·du D: Durative. qaʔdéntʰuʔ D: Negative. qaʔdénmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. compare: qayem*, qace*, qane*, qacʰa·*.

qaʔdenqa*   [qaʔdenqaw]  Lit: cause to bite qaʔden*. Verb. catch (fish) with hook.

qaʔdenqa*   [qaʔdenqaw]  Lit: cause to bite qaʔden*. Verb. catch (fish) with hook.

qaʔdi   [qáʔdi]   Noun. 1 • grass. qaʔdi šúqʼaʔ to pull grass or weeds.

2 • straw.

muhca qaʔdi  muhca, qaʔdi. [muhca qáʔdi] [muhca qáʔdi]   [muhca qaʔdi]   Noun. hay (green, dry, or uncut), grain straw; includes wild oats, excludes other grass seed.

naʔqʼa qaʔdi   [naʔqʼa qáʔdi]  naʔqʼa, qaʔdi. Noun. Foxtail grass, barley. Seeds occasionally employed as pinole but generally unused. Hordeum (Grass Family).

pʰaṭʼe· qaʔdi   [pʰaṭʼe· qáʔdi]  qaʔdi, qaʔdi. Noun. a plant with stickers.

pʰaṭʼe· qaʔdi   [pʰaṭʼe· qáʔdi]  qaʔdi, qaʔdi. Noun. a plant with stickers.

qaʔdi botʼ   [qaʔdi botʼ]  Lit: soft grass; soft grass qaʔdi, bo·tʼ. Noun. velvet grass. found in a sunny field (from Europe). Holcus lanatus.

qaʔdi ma·c   [qaʔdi máʔ]  Lit: the grass is burning; grass burning qaʔdi, ma·c*. Noun. grass fire.

qaʔdi sʼaqʰa·la   [qaʔdi sʼáqʰa·la]  Lit: green grass (ncf) qaʔdi, qaʔdi. Noun. lawn grass; field grass.

qaʔdi sʼaqʰa·la   [qaʔdi sʼáqʰa·la]  Lit: green grass (ncf) qaʔdi, qaʔdi. Noun. lawn grass; field grass.

qaʔdi sʼuwaʔ   [qaʔdi sʼúwaʔ]  qaʔdi, qaʔdi. Noun. dry grass (for tinder).

qaʔdi sʼuwaʔ   [qaʔdi sʼúwaʔ]  qaʔdi, qaʔdi. Noun. dry grass (for tinder).

qaʔdi ʔihqʰoṭ   [qaʔdi ʔíhqʰoʔ]  qaʔdi, ʔihqʰoṭ. Variant: qaʔdihqʰoṭ. Noun. roots of grass.

qaʔdihca   [qaʔdíhca]  qaʔdi, ʔahca. Noun. grass (thatched) hut.

qaʔdihqʰoṭ   [qaʔdíhqʰoʔ]  qaʔdi, ʔihqʰoṭ, qaʔdi ʔihqʰoṭ. Noun. 1 • roots of grass. used in basketry for white part of design (ncf); any grass roots.

2 • sedge, white root, basket grass. Carex barbarae (Sedge Family).

šinicca qaʔdi   [šinícca qaʔdi]  šinicca, qaʔdi. Noun. wheat grass; wheat while it is growing. Triticum aestivum (Grass Family).

šucumʔ qaʔdi   [šucumʔ qáʔdi]  Lit: grape grass šucumʔ, qaʔdi. Variant: šucʼumʔ qaʔdi. Noun. bear grass, a grass that grows in bunches in the chamise. roots are washed and rubbed to make a foam that was put on sores. Xerophyllum tenax (Lily Family).

ṭʼaʔšu qaʔdi   [ṭʼaʔšu qáʔdi]  Lit: nit grass ṭʼaʔšu, qaʔdi. Noun. nit grass. Gastridium vantricosum (Grass Family).

qaʔdi botʼ   [qaʔdi botʼ]  Lit: soft grass; soft grass qaʔdi, bo·tʼ. Noun. velvet grass. found in a sunny field (from Europe). Holcus lanatus.

qaʔdi ma·c   [qaʔdi máʔ]  Lit: the grass is burning; grass burning qaʔdi, ma·c*. Noun. grass fire.

qaʔdi pʰayohtibiʔli   [qaʔdi pʰáyohtibiʔli]  Lit: pile up grass by poking with pʰayot*. Noun. pitchfork. pʰayotʰciw baṭiw it’s lying piled (bunch of grass).

qaʔdi sʼaqʰa·la   [qaʔdi sʼáqʰa·la]  Lit: green grass (ncf) qaʔdi, qaʔdi. Noun. lawn grass; field grass.

qaʔdi sʼuwaʔ   [qaʔdi sʼúwaʔ]  qaʔdi, qaʔdi. Noun. dry grass (for tinder).

qaʔdi šóqʼo·t   [qaʔdi šóqʼoʔ]  Lit: grass mouse Noun. field mouse. compare: hopʰune, šoqʼo·t.

qaʔdi ʔihqʰoṭ   [qaʔdi ʔíhqʰoʔ]  qaʔdi, ʔihqʰoṭ. Variant: qaʔdihqʰoṭ. Noun. roots of grass.

qaʔdi*   [qaʔdíw]  qa-, ʔdi*1. Variant: qahsa*. Verb. put with mouth; set down with mouth; move with the teeth. qada·law drop (chewing gum) from mouth (into cup).

qade·bic*   [qade·bíʔ]  qaʔdi*, -ibic. Verb. pick up in the teeth. qada·law (e.g.) to drop chewing gum into cup (denied as equivalent of /qadu·law/).

qade·bicʰqa*   [qade·bicʰqaw]  qaʔdi*, qaʔdi*, qaʔdi*. Verb. pry up.

qade·bicʰqa*   [qade·bicʰqaw]  qaʔdi*, qaʔdi*, qaʔdi*. Verb. pry up.

qade·bicʰqa*   [qade·bicʰqaw]  qaʔdi*, qaʔdi*, qaʔdi*. Verb. pry up.

qaʔdihca   [qaʔdíhca]  qaʔdi, ʔahca. Noun. grass (thatched) hut.

qaʔdihqʰoṭ   [qaʔdíhqʰoʔ]  qaʔdi, ʔihqʰoṭ, qaʔdi ʔihqʰoṭ. Noun. 1 • roots of grass. used in basketry for white part of design (ncf); any grass roots.

2 • sedge, white root, basket grass. Carex barbarae (Sedge Family).

qaʔdipaceʔli   [qaʔdipáceʔli]  Lit: grass impaler paceʔli. Noun. pitchfork.

qaʔdi·n*   [qaʔdinʔ]  . Verb. bite??

qaʔkʼa*   [qaʔkʼaw]  qa-, ʔkʼa*1. Verb. crack with teeth.

qaʔkʼayʔcicʼ*   [qaʔkʼáyʔciʔ]  qa-, ʔkʼayʔ*. Verb. (food) get caught in one's teeth.

qaʔkʼi*   [-]  qa-, ʔkʼi*2. Cooccurrence: always reduplicated, see reduplicated forms. Reduplicating Verb. gnaw almost all the way through. compare: qaʔkʼiṭ*.

qaʔkʼiqaʔkʼi*   [qaʔkʼiqaʔkʼiw]  qaʔkʼi*. Variant: qaʔkʼiqakʼit*. Reduplicating Verb. gna(rat) gnaw almost all the way through (a rope)w almost all the way through.

qaʔkʼiqakʼit*   [qaʔkʼiqakʼiʔ]  qaʔkʼiqaʔkʼi*. Verb.

qaʔkʼiqaʔkʼi*   [qaʔkʼiqaʔkʼiw]  qaʔkʼi*. Variant: qaʔkʼiqakʼit*. Reduplicating Verb. gna(rat) gnaw almost all the way through (a rope)w almost all the way through.

qaʔkʼiṭ*   [qaʔkʼiʔ]  Lit: I got a small bite off a tooth qa-, ʔkʼiṭ*. Verb. bite off a small piece. qaʔkʼíṭʰciʔ to bite a small piece (of a fingernail) off oneself. hoʔo qaʔkʼíṭʰciwiy I got a small sharp pain in a tooth. compare: qaʔkʼi*.

qaʔkʼiṭʰci*   [qaʔkʼíṭʰciw]  qaʔkʼiṭ*. Verb. bite off a small piece (from a cracker).

qaʔkʼiṭʰci*   [qaʔkʼíṭʰciw]  qaʔkʼiṭ*. Verb. bite off a small piece (from a cracker).

qaʔkʼiʔkʼi*   [qaʔkʼiʔkʼiw]  qaʔkʼi*. Cooccurrence: usually with semelfactive -c. Reduplicating Verb. (rat) gnaw almost all the way through (a rope).

qaʔkʼo*   [qaʔkʼow]  qa-, ʔkʼo*2. Verb. bite against something hard while chewing; bump teeth on grit.

qaʔkʼoʔkʼoc*   [qaʔkʼóʔkʼoʔ]  qa-, ʔkʼo*1. Reduplicating Verb. chop away (at a tree to notch it). šoqóʔ yaʔ ta·pʰla qaʔkʼóʔkʼocʰqʰ a mouse has nibbled a depression into the board. Example Variant: ...qakʼo·tʰqʰ.. compare: qakʼo·ṭ*.

qaʔkʼu*   [qaʔkʼuw]  qa-, ʔkʼu*. Verb. finish biting, chewing, eating chewed food. synonyms: qaʔpʼoʔpʼoc*.

qaʔla*   [qaʔlaw]  qa-, ʔla*2. Verb. grab quickly (of cat, dog). qaʔlawʔciw to grab quickly (of cat, dog). synonyms: cuʔla*.

qaʔliʔli*   [qaʔliʔliw]  qa-, ʔli*. Variant: qahpʰoqahpʰow. Reduplicating Verb. (dog) swing something in mouth. hayu yaʔ kʼaṭa qaʔdicʼbina qaʔlíʔliw the dog picked up a cloth in his teeth and swung it several times. compare: qali·t*; synonyms: qahpʰoṭ*, qahpʰoqahpʰo*.

qaʔlu*   [qaʔluw]  qa-, ʔlu*1. Verb. barely hold between two forces. qaʔlú· qaʔdimʔ barely be holding something on the edge with teeth. wotó·n qaʔluw the button is barely holding partway through the hole. qaʔlutʰuʔ D: Negative.

qaʔne·cicʼ*   [qaʔné·ciʔ]  qa-, ʔne·cicʼ*. Verb. get used to eating. qaʔné·cicʼi get used to eating it! synonyms: qahqa*.

qaʔpʰula   [qaʔpʰula]   Variant: qaʔpʰulaʔ. Noun. wormwood, mugwort. A poultice of warmed leaves was placed on sores and on a newborn’s umbilicus until it fell off. The leaves were chewed or a decoction made and drunk for diarrhea and diarrhea cramps. Various magical uses. Artemisia Douglasiana or !!vulgaris or !!dracunculoidesʔ (Sunflower Family).

qaʔpʰulaʔ   [qaʔpʰulaʔ]  qaʔpʰula.

qaʔpʼanh*   [qaʔpʼanʔ]  qa-, ʔpʼanh*. Variant: qapʼanta*. Verb. cover between two forces. hóhwa ʔel yá·wi wi qaʔpʼánqa lock the door with the key.

qaʔpʼoqapʼota·d*   [qaʔpʼoqapʼota·du]  qaʔpʼoʔpʼoc*. Verb. eat (a house) out (of all its food).

qaʔpʼoʔpʼoc*   [qaʔpʼóʔpʼoʔ]  qa-, ʔpʼo*. Variant: qaʔpʼoqapʼota·d*. Reduplicating Verb. eat up everything; eat (a house) out (of all its food). synonyms: qaʔkʼu*.

qaʔqʼac*   [qaʔqʼaʔ]  qa-, ʔqʼac*. Variant: qaqʼahci*. Verb. 1 • tighten with a key, wrench, screwdriver, or other tool. haʔda qáʔqʼacʰqaw to wind a clock (with a key) several twists. haʔda qaʔqʼácʰqa wind clock! qaʔqʼáccihqaw to tighten (a bolt) (with a wrench) one twist. qaʔqʼácci wind (clock) with key! cawikʰ qaʔqʼáccihqa tighten the screws (with a screwdriver)! qaqʼahcihqaw to tighten many times with a wrench. compare: qaʔbalh*.

2 • stuff oneself eating. baṭʰe· qáʔqʼaci maʔaʔ stuff yourself with lots of food!

qaqʼahcihqa·li   [qaqʼáhcihqa·li]  qaʔqʼac*. Noun. screwdriver prying or pliers.

cawikʰ qaqʼahcihqa·li   [cawikʰ qaqʼahcihqa·li]  Lit: metal tighten-several-with-jaw(like)-tool cawikʰ, qaqʼahcihqa·li. Noun. pliers. compare: cawikʰ duqʼahcihqa·li, cawikʰ qabahlimuliʔli.

qaʔqʼaccicʼ*   [qaʔqʼacciʔ]  qaʔqʼac*. Verb. clench the teeth.

qaʔqʼaccicʼ*   [qaʔqʼacciʔ]  qaʔqʼac*. Verb. clench the teeth.

qaʔsʼa   [qaʔsʼa]  qa-, ʔsʼa*1. 1 • Adjective. stinky taste or smell. qaʔsʼa míhšew smells strong. ʔama béʔcʼa qaʔsʼa mihšew to smell stinky, nasty (b.m.) ʔama qaʔsʼa mihšew stinky stuff. ʔama qáʔsʼa something that leaks from private parts as in gonorrhea. ʔama·la ʔel cár wina· moʔba qaʔsʼáʔsʼa·y the car ran over the rabbit and crushed it.

2 • Noun. lymph, liquid from injury. compare: maʔsʼa.

pʰaqaʔsʼa   [pʰaqáʔsʼa]  ʔahpʰa, qaʔsʼa. Noun. final messy nasty diarrhea, fluid which drains out of hanging intestines.

qaʔsʼil*   [qaʔsʼilʔ]  qa-, ʔsʼil*. Variant: qasʼihl*. Verb. squeeze and make squirt. qaʔsʼilaʔ to squirt out (as toothpaste from a tube). qaʔsʼilá·qa (to water) squirt out! qasʼíhlaqa squirt out! qaʔsʼila·duci squirt away. ʔahqʰa qaʔsʼilaʔ to squirt water (through teeth or with water pistol). dutʼulʔli qaʔsʼiláhwiy when squeezed, it squirted out. (/-y/ you see it) (no direction to EP). qaʔsʼilá·wiy D: Factive.

qaʔsʼiʔsʼi*   [qaʔsʼiʔsʼiw]  qa-, ʔsʼi*1. Reduplicating Verb. bat eyelids, eyelids twitch; eye (lids) move repeatedly. huʔú· qaʔsʼiqasʼiʔ lid twitching (also /cʰiʔsʼicʰísʼiʔ/), or describing person who bats eyes or squints frequently involuntarily. huʔú· qaʔsʼiʔsʼiwe· to my eye keeps twitching closed. compare: pʰisʼam*.

qaʔsʼo   [qaʔsʼo]  qa-, ʔsʼo*1. Adjective. wrinkled, crumpled, dented, smashed up (metal) between two forces. qaʔsʼo (ʔé· mu) (it is) wrinkled, crumpled, dented, smashed up (metal). ha·ru qáʔsʼo dented can. huʔú·mo qaʔsʼo sunken in face (eyes or cheeks); sunken in bony face or long slim face. kahó·n qáʔsʼo mashed up box. ʔacaʔ qaʔsʼo man with thin or sunken face. kʼata qáʔsʼo wrinkled cloth.

qaʔsʼo*   [qaʔsʼow]  qa-, ʔsʼo*2. Verb. dent. qaʔsʼo·bicʼe·mu it got dented. compare: qaʔsʼoq*.

qaʔsʼoq*   [qaʔsʼóʔ]  qa-, ʔsʼoq*. Variant: qasʼotʰqo*. Verb. grind, mash between forces (meat-grinder), with the teeth. bihše qáʔsʼohqaw to grind meat for hamburger. qaʔsʼoqo grind food up with teeth. compare: qaʔsʼo*.

bihše qaʔsʼoq   [bihše qáʔsʼoʔ]  bihše, qaʔsʼoq*. Noun. hamburger.

koci·na qaʔsʼoq   [koci·na qáʔsʼoʔ]  Lit: mashed pig koci·na, qaʔsʼoq*. Noun. sausage.

qaʔsʼulh*   [qaʔsʼúlʔ]  qa-, ʔsʼulh*2. Verb. have a narrow muzzle.

qa·sʼulsʼu   [qa·sʼúlsʼu]  qaʔsʼulh*. Ideophone Adjective. narrow of muzzle, mouth (like a collie).

qaʔsʼuš*   [qaʔsʼuš]  qa-, ʔsʼuš*. Verb. have projecting point face (beard); face be narrow and pointed; cut paper into point (with scissors). hasíme qaʔsʼušmaw van Dyke beard; small pointed beard. qaʔsʼúš sʼušu descriptive of pointed beard. qasʼuhšimʔ D: Plural, Absolutive. qaʔsʼušahqaw to cut beard in pointed shape. qasʼuhšahqaw to cut beards in pointed shape. (huʔú·mo) qaʔsʼúšmaw a small narrow pointed face (or chin) (of collie). qaʔsʼuš a small narrow pointed face (or chin) (of collie). qaʔsʼuhšimʔ D: Plural, Absolutive. qaʔsʼušá·du·wa·du go around with a small narrow pointed face. kalikakʰ qaʔsʼušahqaw to cut a point on paper with scissors.

qaʔtʼa qacʼba   [qaʔtʼa qacʼbaw]  . Verb. taste.

qaʔtʼa*   [qaʔtʼaw]  qa-, ʔtʼa*5. Variant: qatʼac*. Verb. taste (as experienced by chewing), taste (said of a solid food). pišudú qaʔtʼaw it tastes bad.

qaʔtʼe*   [qaʔtʼew]  qa-, ʔtʼe*2. Verb. stick on between two forces, with the teeth.

qaʔtʼekelec*   [qaʔtʼekeleʔ]  qa-, ʔtʼekele*, qa-. Instr Verb Stem. mash (can) with teeth (not nec. flat).

qaʔtʼel*   [qaʔtʼelʔ]  qa-, ʔtʼel*1. Verb. doubt. qaʔtʼelí·cʼe· to I doubt if I can do it. qaʔtʼelí·cʼi doubt yourself! qaʔtʼelí·cʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qaʔtʼellá·tacʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. cuhni· qawi díhqaqacʼba qaʔtʼélqacʼ having been given a small piece of bread, he thought it too little. maʔu ʔacacʼ em qaʔtʼélqacʼe· to – dono wína· ʔa tito ʔwa·yi waqa·ciʔba this man doubts me that I could walk to the top of the hill before he could. qaʔtʼélqacʼe· to. he doubts me.

qaʔtʼem*1   [qaʔtʼemʔ]  qa-, ʔtʼem*4. Verb. find, hit upon by chewing. qaʔtʼémqaw to find, discover by chewing. Example Variant: qatʼehtimqaw.

qaʔtʼem*2   [qaʔtʼemʔ]  qa-, ʔtʼem*2, qa-, ʔtʼem*2. Verb. be poisoned by taboo food. qaʔtʼemaʔ to make mistake by breaking restriction (when poisoning someone, poisoner gets sickness himself). qaʔtʼémʔ poisoning from eating in improper manner or at wrong time (breaking taboo). qaʔtʼema feel with teeth! qaʔtʼema·cʼi poison yourself!

qaʔtʼentʼele*   [qaʔtʼentʼelew]  qa-, ʔtʼentʼele*. Verb. crumple, make out of shape between two forces. cár li ha·ro qaṭʼa·bina qatʼéntʼelecʰqaqʰ the car must have run over the cup and smashed it.

qaʔtʼutʰu*   [qaʔtʼutʰuw]  qa-, ʔtʼutʰu*2. Verb. squeeze between two forces; decrease inside space. qaʔtʼutʰuʔ to squeeze together two steel bars with pliers (here there is no opening). qaʔtʼulaʔ would apply only if something came out. qaʔtʼuʔtʼu not at all. qaʔtʼútʰciqʰ to squeeze only end of pipe). šahku qaʔtʼutʰúcʰqa squeeze legs together (so that there is no space between them)! cár yaʔ pí·pa wina· móʔbina qaʔtʼutʰucʰqʰ a car must have run over the pipe (any one part or whole of pipe); it is completely closed. tʼutʰú·ci squeeze self together (such as arms or legs together)! mutʼutʰú·meʔ D: Plural Imperative, Negative. muʔtʼutʰú·ci D: Negative, Semelfactive, Imperative.

qaʔṭʼa*   [qaʔṭʼaw]  qa-, ʔṭʼa*1, qa-, ʔṭʼa*1. Variant: qalaṭʼa*. Verb. hold between two objects; be trapped. qaṭʼaw to be trapped. qaṭʼa·muʔ to hold between opposed palms. qaṭʼa·mucʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative.

šoqʼoʔ qalaṭʼa·li   [šoqʼoʔ qaláṭʼa·li]  Lit: smash mice with šoqʼo·t, qaʔṭʼa*. Noun. mouse trap. šiʔbaši qalaṭʼa·li any kind of trap. Example Variant: sʼihta qalaṭʼa·li.

qaʔṭʼaš*   [qaʔṭʼaš]  qa-, ʔṭʼaš*2. Variant: qaṭʼahš*. Verb. bring teeth together; put into place using teeth or by chewing ?? qaʔṭʼášciw to close. qaʔṭʼášci close your jaw tight!

qaʔṭʼaṭ*   [qaʔṭʼaʔ]  qa-, ʔṭʼaṭ*3, qa-, ʔṭʼaṭ*3. Verb. crack (nuts) with teeth but not so can see in or anything come out.

qaʔṭʼawʔd*   [qaʔṭʼáwʔdu]  qa-, ʔṭʼawʔd*. Verb. eat to death. qaʔṭʼawʔduyiʔ eat oneself to death.

qaʔṭʼe*   [qaʔṭʼew]  qa-, ʔṭʼe*2. Verb. spot or stain with the teeth, by biting.

kʼabaʔ qaʔṭʼeʔṭʼew   [kʼabaʔ qaʔṭʼéʔṭʼew]  kʼaba·ṭ, qaʔṭʼe*. Noun. a child’s game in which madrone leaves are folded and bitten to create symmetric designs when unfolded. The prettiest is chosen and others try to guess how it was made.

qaʔṭʼemʔ   [qaʔṭʼemʔ]   Noun. soaked grouns (of buckeye nuts).

qaʔṭʼenṭʼele*   [qaʔṭʼenṭʼelew]  qa-, ʔṭʼenṭʼele*. Verb. flatten between two forces; drive over. cár₁ li₂ ha·ro₃ qaṭʼa·bina₄, qaʔṭʼénṭʼelecʰqaqʰ₅ D: The car₁ must₄ˢ have₄ˢ run₄ over₄ the cup₃ and₄ˢ mashed₅ it. Example Variant: qaʔtʼéntʼelecʰqaqʰ.

qaʔṭʼeʔṭʼe*   [qaʔṭʼéʔṭʼew]  qa-, ʔṭʼeʔṭʼe*2. Verb. gnaw; like monkey, dog, to bite around on body (for lice). qaʔṭʼeqáʔṭʼemʔ D: Absolutive. qaʔṭʼeqáṭʼeta·du pl. several to lots. qaʔṭʼéʔṭʼeʔ to bite on (self) like dog or cat (several times in one place). kʼabaʔ qáʔṭʼeʔṭʼew a game in which leaves are folded and bitten to create symmetric designs, then the patient is chosen and others try to guess how it was made. kú·ška yaʔ qaʔṭʼeqáṭʼe·cʼ the cat is biting around on self (one or several places). (EP doesn’t know if verb implies any result (flat, broken bone, etc.)

qaʔṭʼu*   [qaʔṭʼuw]  qa-, ʔṭu*. Verb. bite edge.

qaʔwiʔwi*   [qaʔwíʔwiw]  qa-, ʔwi*. Verb. pet with teeth.

qaʔyaq*   [qaʔyaʔ]  qa-, ʔya·q*, qa-, ʔya·q*. Verb. recognize taste of chewed food or feel of chewing gum.

qa·belʔbe   [qa·belʔbe]  qabe·l*. Ideophone Adjective. sagging (of lips of sheep).

qa·bic*   [qa·biʔ]  hqa*5, -ibic. Variant: qahlibic*. Verb. move lengthwise up; (water) spout up. ʔahqʰa qa·bícʰqa let water spurt up. ʔahša qáhlibiʔ fish are jumping. ʔahša qá·biʔ one fish is jumping. ʔhqʰa qa·biʔ water spouts up.

qa·bošbo   [qa·bóšbo]  qa·bošbošo.

qa·bošbošo   [qa·bóšbošo]  qabo·š*. Variant: qa·bošbo; qa·boškinʔ. Ideophone Adjective. having puffed up cheeks. compare: qa·tuštušu.

qa·boškinʔ   [qa·boškinʔ]  qa·bošbošo.

qa·bukʼbukʼu   [qa·búkʼbukʼu]  qabu·kʼ*. Ideophone Adjective. having puffed up cheeks.

qa·bušbušu   [qa·búšbušu]  qa-, bu·š*. Ideophone Adjective. having puffed up cheeks.

qa·d*   [qa·du]  hqa*5, -ad2. Variant: qahlad*. Verb. throw long object (stick, arrow) in this direction. pʰala qá·du throw long object in this direction again! qáhladu throw several long object (or one object several times) in this direction! pʰala qáhladu throw several long objects (or one object several times) in this direction again! . qahlacʼmeʔ throw several long objects (or one object several times) in this direction (to several)!

qa·m*   [-]   Cooccurrence: only occurs with the Reflexive. Variant: qata·m*. Verb. awaken by oneself (not caused by something outside oneself).

qa·macʼ   [qa·maʔ]  qa·m*. Variant: qata·macʼ*. Verb. awaken by oneself (not caused by something outside oneself). lanhcʼa šóʔkʼo· tol qa·mácʼmela· ʔa biʔámaduwe I woke up at six o’clock this morning. Example Variant: wayícʼmela·. qatá·macʼmeʔ wake up (to several)! qama·cʼi wake up! pʰala qáma·cʼi wake up again! qama·cʼedu·cedu habitually wake up. qatá·macʼwacʼmeʔ keep waking up (to several)! pʰala qáta·macʼwacʼmeʔ keep waking up again (to several)! synonyms: wayicʼ*.

qa·macʼ   [qa·maʔ]  qa·m*. Variant: qata·macʼ*. Verb. awaken by oneself (not caused by something outside oneself). lanhcʼa šóʔkʼo· tol qa·mácʼmela· ʔa biʔámaduwe I woke up at six o’clock this morning. Example Variant: wayícʼmela·. qatá·macʼmeʔ wake up (to several)! qama·cʼi wake up! pʰala qáma·cʼi wake up again! qama·cʼedu·cedu habitually wake up. qatá·macʼwacʼmeʔ keep waking up (to several)! pʰala qáta·macʼwacʼmeʔ keep waking up again (to several)! synonyms: wayicʼ*.

qa·q*   [qaʔ]  hqa*5, -aq1. Variant: qahlaq*. Verb. ready to put something long in a sack. qahti @. qa·qa be ready to put something long in a sack! qahtʰuʔ don't be ready to put something large in a sack! qaqa·du keep being ready to put something large in a sack. pʰala qáqa·du keep being ready to put something large in a sack again. qa·qáʔtʰuʔ don't keep being ready to put something large in a sack. qáhlaqa be ready to put something in a sack (to several)! qáhlaqa·du keep be ready to put something in a sack (to several)! qáhlahtʰuʔ don't be ready to put something in a sack (to several)!

qa·qac*   [qa·qaʔ]  hqa*5, -aqac. Variant: qahlaqac*. Verb. go up and through; put something all the way through. qaqa·ci put something all the way through! qa·qácʰmeʔ put something all the way through (to several)! qáhlaqacʰmeʔ put several things all the way through (to several)! mu·kinʔ ma·dal pʰacʼóʔba duwál qa·qa·y @ he poked her and put it through. pʰala qáqa·ci go up and through again. ya·su qá·qaʔ to thread a needle. Example Variant: ʔí·lo qá·qaʔ. ʔahá· qa·qaʔ poke stick up through hole.

ya·su qa·qac   [ya·su qá·qaʔ]  ya·su, qa·qac*. Verb. thread a needle.

ʔahqʰa qa·qaʔ   [ʔahqʰa qá·qaʔ]  ʔahqʰa, qa·qac*. Noun. geyser. synonyms: ʔahqʰa qaloʔ.

qa·qaq   [qá·qaq]   Cooccurrence: usually repeated several times. Animate Mimetic. call of the goose in the air. qá·qaq qá·qaq honk, honk.

qa·seʔna   [qa·seʔna]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. 1 • where my mother's mother is.

2 • at my mother's mother's place.

qa·sʼ*1   [-]  qa*1. Kinship Noun. my mother's mother.

qasʼe·yi   [qasʼé·yi]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. me and my mother's mother.

qa·seʔna   [qa·seʔna]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. 1 • where my mother's mother is.

2 • at my mother's mother's place.

qa·sʼe   [qá·sʼe]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. Grandmother! (mother's mother, formal).

qa·sʼenʔ   [qa·sʼenʔ]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. my or our (formal) mother's mother.

qa·sʼenʔkʰe   [qa·sʼénʔkʰe]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. for my mother's mother.

qa·sʼeto   [qa·sʼeto]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. (of, to) my mother's mother.

qa·sʼ*2   [-]   Instr Verb Root. ?? break off??

baqa·sʼ*   [baqasʼ´]  ba-, qa·sʼ*2. Verb. break off?? ʔaha· qaṭani·bícʼba, baqasʼá·y when one end of the stick was pushed down (car ran over it), it flipped up and broke.

qa·sʼa*   [qa·sʼa]   Cooccurrence: Only in one compound. See also under ʔahpʰa. Noun. ??

pʰaqa·sʼa   [pʰaqá·sʼa]  ʔahpʰa, qa·sʼa*. Noun. guts.

qa·sʼe   [qá·sʼe]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. Grandmother! (mother's mother, formal).

qa·sʼenʔ   [qa·sʼenʔ]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. my or our (formal) mother's mother.

qa·sʼenʔkʰe   [qa·sʼénʔkʰe]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. for my mother's mother.

qa·sʼeto   [qa·sʼeto]  qa·sʼ*1. Kinship Noun. (of, to) my mother's mother.

qa·sʼulsʼu   [qa·sʼúlsʼu]  qaʔsʼulh*. Ideophone Adjective. narrow of muzzle, mouth (like a collie).

qa·šenʔ   [qa·šenʔ]  . Kinship Noun. girl, young woman [?]

qa·toštošo   [qa·tóštošo]  qahtoš*. Ideophone Adjective. with puffed out cheeks.

qa·tuštušu   [qa·túštušu]  qatuš*. Ideophone Adjective. swollen face. qa·túštušu like kids with a lot of gum in mouth. compare: qa·bošbošo.

qa·tʰuštʰušu   [qa·tʰuštʰušu]  qa-, ʔtʰuš*. Ideophone Adjective. having short, round face. qaʔtʰúšciw same except ? kú·ška huʔu·mo qaʔtʰúšmaw the cat’s face is short, round (but not like rabbit; of people with similar face).

qa·ṭʰešṭʰeše   [qa·ṭʰéšṭʰeše]  , qa-, ṭʰe·š*. Ideophone Adjective. wide-faced ? synonyms: pi·ṭʰešṭʰeše, kʰeš*, cuṭʰe·l*.

qa·ṭʼusṭʼusu   [qa·ṭʼúsṭʼusu]  qa-, ṭʼu·s*. Ideophone Adjective. long and narrow of whole face. compare: ṭʼi·s*, qasulma*.

qa·yelʔye   [qa·yélʔye]  qa-, ye·l*. Ideophone Adjective. having slow-moving lips.

qa·yi*   [qa·yiw]   Verb. ask someone to do something with you; ask (invite) someone to go along (hunting, shopping, movie) | fetch someone to do something; fetch to help or accompany (person object only). qa·yi D: Imperative. pʰala qa·yi D: Imperative. qa·yimeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qa·yícʼmeʔ durative, several fetch one. qa·yitá·du to fetch several. qa·yitʰuʔ D: Negative. qa·yicí·du D: Durative. qa·yitácʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qa·yimuʔ to make a date to go (fishing); to plan to go to ocean, city. bihše bóʔoti ʔa mu·kitó qa·yiteʔ I am going to get him to go hungint deer with me. maʔál ʔahca qawí· duʔyáʔtaqaʔti ʔa mu·kitó qa·yiteʔ I am going to get him to help me build this house. compare: bayaʔta*, qʰaʔdi*, bayaʔta*.

qoc*   [qoʔ]   Cooccurrence: Only in one compound. Adjective. ? burned down.

ʔinoqoc   [ʔinoqóʔ]  ʔino, qoc*. Noun. ashes, cinders. ʔinoqóʔ pusatʰmuʔ floating ashes. ʔahca muhkʰúyʔba, ʔinoqóʔ maʔyul baṭiyi·y when the house burned up, ashes alone were lying there. ʔinoqócʼinsʼe· mu it seems to be ashes.

qoca·tad*   [qoca·tadu]  qo·c*. Morphological Analysis: □qocatad.

qoci   [qoci]   Noun. moss, especially "Spanish moss". Formerly used as diapers for babies. Usnea californica.

qoci sʼaqʰa·la   [qoci sʼáqʰa·la]  qoci, sʼaqʰa·la. Noun. green moss (on damp rocks).

qoci sʼaqʰa·la   [qoci sʼáqʰa·la]  qoci, sʼaqʰa·la. Noun. green moss (on damp rocks).

qohno·   [qohno·]   Noun. hazel bush.

qohqoc*   [qohqoʔ]   Verb. Only compounded with ʔaha mouth, haqóhqoʔ.

haqohqoc*   [haqóhqoʔ]  ʔaha, qohqoc*. Variant: haqohqotac*. Verb. go crazy. ma·dal haqohqocʼbiw he went crazy because of her. ʔima·ta ʔem hiʔbaya tol haqohqocʼbiw the woman is crazy about men. haqóhqoci go crazy! haqóhqotacʰmeʔ go crazy (to several)!

haqohqoc   [haqóhqoʔ]  haqohqoc*. Variant: haqohqotac. Adjective. crazy. ʔima·ta háhqohqoʔ crazy woman. haqohqoʔ cʼoyʔcʼedu act crazy. haqohqoʔ cahno·du talk crazy.

qohqʰo*   [-]   Variant: qoqʰo*. Verb of Position. group stand. compare: hco*3, ʔbe*5.

qohqʰoc*   [qohqʰoʔ]  qohqʰo*. Verb of Position. group stand up on two or more legs, on or off the ground. qohqʰoʔ a group to come to a stand. kawa·yu qohqʰoʔ horses to stop in a group. qoqʰocʼa·cʼácʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qoqʰocʼa·cʼáʔtʰumeʔ D: Plural Imperatice. qohqʰócʰmeʔ bunch up!

qohqʰom*   [qohqʰomʔ]  qohqʰo*. Verb of Position. group be standing on two or more legs, on or off the ground. qohqʰómtʰumeʔ D: Negative, Plural Imperative. kawá·yu qohqʰomʔ horses are standing in a group. qohqʰomʔ a group to stand together. qohqʰómmeʔ stand still (pl.)! qohqʰomáʔtʰumeʔ D: Negative, Plural Imperative. qóhqʰomácʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative.

qohqʰoc*   [qohqʰoʔ]  qohqʰo*. Verb of Position. group stand up on two or more legs, on or off the ground. qohqʰoʔ a group to come to a stand. kawa·yu qohqʰoʔ horses to stop in a group. qoqʰocʼa·cʼácʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qoqʰocʼa·cʼáʔtʰumeʔ D: Plural Imperatice. qohqʰócʰmeʔ bunch up!

qohqʰom*   [qohqʰomʔ]  qohqʰo*. Verb of Position. group be standing on two or more legs, on or off the ground. qohqʰómtʰumeʔ D: Negative, Plural Imperative. kawá·yu qohqʰomʔ horses are standing in a group. qohqʰomʔ a group to stand together. qohqʰómmeʔ stand still (pl.)! qohqʰomáʔtʰumeʔ D: Negative, Plural Imperative. qóhqʰomácʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative.

qohṭʰo   [qohṭʰo]   Noun. popliteal region. synonyms: kʼohto*.

qol*   [-]   Variant: qola·tad*. Instr Verb Root. pass one thing over the surface of another, stroke, wipe,, rub.

baqol*   [baqolʔ]  ba-, qol*. Variant: baqola·tad*. Verb. wipe mouth; pass one thing over the surface of another, with the lips, snout, or beak. baqoliʔ to wipe one’s own mouth (on something). kayi·na yaʔ má·yiš ṭʰoʔo maʔan qaʔdi tol baqoli·cʼ while the chicken was eating corn mash, it wiped its bill on grass.

caqol*   [caqolʔ]  ca-, qol*. Verb. stroke with rear.

coqol*   [coqolʔ]  cu-, qol*. Variant: coqola·tad*. Verb. stroke with brush; pass one thing over the surface of another. heʔe cóqoliʔteʔ I am going to brush my hair.

daqol*   [daqolʔ]  da-, qol*. Variant: daqola·tad*. Verb. stroke with the hand (to comfort or pet). cihtoʔ daqolʔ to comfort the bereaved by stroking with the hand (a Kashaya custom). hayu dáqoli pet the dog!

doqol*   [doqolʔ]  du-, qol*. Variant: doqola·tad*. Verb. stroke with fingers; pass one thing over the surface of another with the finger. hasíme doqoliʔ to stroke one’s own beard with the fingers. synonyms: dusʼul*.

haqol*   [haqolʔ]  ha-, qol*. Verb. stroke with leg.

hiqol*   [hiqolʔ]  hi-, qol*. Variant: hiqola·tad*. Verb. rub against with the body; pass one thing over the surface of another, stroke with the body. kú·ška ʔem cumátʰma· tol hiqoli·cʼ the cat is rubbing its body on the chair. ʔaná· damu·cʼin, kumíʔdaʔ hiqólmuʔ loving each other so, they are always rubbing up against each other. Example Variant: hiqólmaʔ, hiqólciw. hiqoli rub body with something! hiqoltameʔ D: Plural. hiqolá·tacʼmeʔ D: Plural. synonyms: hisʼul*, hiqʰal*.

miqol*   [miqolʔ]  mi-2, qol*. Verb. stroke with toe.

siqol*   [siqolʔ]  si-, qol*. Variant: siqola·tad*. Verb. stroke with tongue; lick lips. hasʼíʔda siqoliʔ to lick one’s own lips. siqoliʔ lick lips or mustache with tongue.

qola*   [qolaw]  cohto*. Variant: qolatad*; qo·la*. Verb of Position. group of long objects (people, mountains, trees) stand together; project. qolahmeʔ several long object in a group moving on ground or in air. qolahtahmeʔ several long object in a group moving on ground or in air singly. qola·qacʼmeʔ several long object moving on ground or in air. qola·qácʰmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. pʰala qóla·qacʰmeʔ D: Plural Imperative #again. qolacʼwácʼmeʔ here and there. mi· qolayicʰmeʔ stand there (several)! (archaic). mi·li qolayicʰmeʔ sit down there (several)! (archaic). qolayi·ci sit down! (archaic). qo·law group to stand. Example Variant: qolaw. qolata·du several groups to be standing. qʰaʔbe dóno qolatá·du rock mountains were standing scattered. The selection of verb indicates the rock mountains were columnar crags. qo(·)lamʔ group to stand on something (a table). yala qólaʔ group to be standing straight. qola·biʔ group to stand up. heʔe qóla·biʔ the hair stood up. qaʔdi qólahtibiʔ several clusters of dry grass to be standing up; haystacks. qʰale qólaw trees standing. heʔe qóla·biʔ hair stands up (from fright). qola·biʔ stand up. qolátʰmucʼmeʔ bunch move here and there. Usage: archaic compare: šuqʰac*.

qolam*   [qolamʔ]  qola*. Variant: qo·lam*. Verb of Position. group of long objects stand together off the ground.

yalaqolacʼ   [yalaqólaʔ]  yala, qola*, -acʼ1. Noun. young spike buck.

qolam*   [qolamʔ]  qola*. Variant: qo·lam*. Verb of Position. group of long objects stand together off the ground.

qolamʔhay   [qolamʔháy]   Noun. big pole.

qolatad*   [qolatá·du]  qola*.

qola·tad*   [-]  qol*.

qosʼic*   [qosʼiʔ]   Verb. turn, wind (of road). hiʔda qosʼica·duwá·du (da·du) the road goes along zigzag, winds along. qosʼicʰmaduʔli where (the road) is curved (acute or not); also of corner inside house. Example Variant: cusʼicʰmaduʔli. compare: cʰiʔṭʼi, qoʔṭʼi, pʰiʔṭʼi, qʰosʼi·cʼ*, hisʼi*, muti·t*.

qosʼica·qac   [qosʼica·qaʔ]  qosʼic*. Variant: cusʼica·qaʔ. Noun. 1 • corner (not of house but OK for road, trail, river).

2 • winding (of road).

qosʼica·qac   [qosʼica·qaʔ]  qosʼic*. Variant: cusʼica·qaʔ. Noun. 1 • corner (not of house but OK for road, trail, river).

2 • winding (of road).

qosʼqoʔsʼo*   [-]  hqosʼ*. Instr Verb Root. spill nonliquids.

qot*   [qoʔ]  hqo*4. Verb. pass by.

qotʰma*   [qótʰmaw]  hqom*.

qotʰmawhca   [qótʰmawhca]  ʔahca. Noun. bathroom, bathhouse.

=qotʰqaw   [qotʰqaw]  =hqohqaw. Verb. let that period of time go by.

qoṭolta*   [-]  hqoṭol*1.

qowalhqʰaʔ   [qowalhqʰaʔ]   Adverb. back and forth; all directions. heʔensʼiniwa ma qowál[h]qʰaʔ wanʔwadamˇ why are you pacing back and forth?

qowa·q*   [qowaʔ]   Variant: qowa·tad*. Verb. pack, put successive articles into. matʼiléʔya kaho·n li qowá·qala I am packing my possessions in the box. kalikakʰ kel mul mišúkʰli qowa·qa put the papers in the sack! qowá·qa pack! pʰala qówa·qa pack again! qowáhmeʔ D: Plural. qowá·tahmeʔ D: Plural. qowaqá·du keep packing.

qowa·tad*   [qowa·tadu]  qowa·q*. Verb. pack.

qoʔomʔ   [qoʔomʔ]   Noun. bush species with white berries, about three feet tall.

qoʔṭʼi   [qoʔṭʼi]   Adjective. crooked (of road, river, stick), winding (of anything that is long), bent. hiʔda ʔem qoʔṭʼi danʔwanʔ the road is crooked. qoʔṭʼi hcʰilʔ hanging crooked. šahku qʼoʔṭʼi crooked legs. compare: cʰiʔṭʼi, pʰiʔṭʼi, qosʼic*, qʰosʼi·cʼ*, hisʼi*.

qoʔyi   [qoʔyi]   Adjective. with designs [?]

qo·c*   [qoʔ]   Variant: qoca·tad*. Verb. increase. pé·su qoʔ money to increase. qo·ci increase (to money, possessions)! pʰala qó·ci increase again! mu·kinʔkʰe pe·su qó·y his money increased. qoci·ducé·du keep increasing! qocá·tadu D: Plural. compare: haqo·c*.

qo·la*   [qo·la]  qola*.

qo·lam*   [qo·lam]  qolam*.

   [qʰ]   Variant: x̣. ~ x. Animate Mimetic. water, drink, thirst. compare: h2, qʰa, ʔahqʰa, ʔahqʰa, qʰa.

qʰa   [qʰa]   Variant: ; kʰa. Animate Mimetic. water, drink, thirst. compare: h2, , ʔahqʰa, , ʔahqʰa.

qʰa dile   [qʰa dile]  Lit: middle of water qʰa, dile. Noun. island.

qʰa cʰo·   [qʰa cʰo·]  Variant: qʰacʰo·. ʔahqʰa, ʔicʰo·. Noun. a sea worm, a worm in the fresh water, covers self with sticks. qʰacʰó·tʰine·m @ that is not a sea worm. one inch long or very long?

qʰa cʼakoʔko   [qʰa cʼákoʔko]   Noun. lesser scaup.

qʰa dile   [qʰa dile]  Lit: middle of water qʰa, dile. Noun. island.

qʰa ho cuhcemʔ*   [qʰa hó cuhcemʔ]  hqʰa cuhcem*.

qʰa qʰaʔṭo   [qʰaqʰáʔṭo]  Lit: water pond ʔahqʰa, qʰaʔṭo. Noun. pond.

qʰa*   [-]   Cooccurrence: only with ba-. Instr Verb Root. get hoarse. compare: hqʰa*2, qʰa·š*, qʰa·š*.

baqʰa*   [baqʰáw]  ba-, qʰa*. Verb. get hoarse. mihya báqʰaw have hoarse throat. mihya qʰáma baqʰaw throat hurts. compare: baqʰa·š*, ba·qʰašqʰaša, ba·qʰašqʰaša.

qʰaa   [qʰaa]  kʰaa.

qʰabahlaw   [qʰabáhlaw]  ʔahqʰa, bahlaw*. Noun. driftwood. synonyms: qʰabanhay.

qʰabalha   [qʰabáhla]  qʰa, balha. Noun. oar. qʰabáhlaw driftwood.

qʰabanhay   [qʰabánhay]  ʔahqʰa, ban*, ʔahay. driftwood, piled on a beach. synonyms: qʰabahlaw.

qʰaba·   [qʰaba·]   Noun. cloud, especially the cumulus type. qʰaba· misátʰmuʔ clouds floating along (by self). qʰaba· pusátʰmuʔ wind blowing clouds along. synonyms: dahpʰot.

dahpʰoʔ qʰaba·   [dahpʰóʔ qʰaba·]  Lit: fog cloud dahpʰot, qʰaba·. Noun. thin, wispy clouds.

maʔkʼala qʰaba·   [maʔkʼalá qʰaba·]  maʔkʼala, qʰaba·. Noun. thunderhead, thunder cloud.

ʔihcʰe qʰaba·   [ʔihcʰe qʰaba·]  ʔihcʰe, qʰaba·. Noun. rain cloud.

qʰabehe qʰale   [qʰabéhe qʰale]  Lit: water peppernut plant ʔahqʰa, behe. Noun. California nutmeg, wild nutmeg. Torreya californica (Yew Family). synonyms: caha qʰale.

qʰabihše   [qʰabíhše]  Lit: water deer ʔahqʰa, bihše. Variant: hqʰabihše. Noun. seal. synonyms: sohoy.

qʰabohso   [qʰabóhso]  Lit: water clover or watersnake clover ʔahqʰa, bohso*. Noun. swamp clover. Trifolium variegatum, Trifolium appendiculatum, Trifolium barbigerum, Trifolium Grayi, Trifolium obtusiflorum (Pea Family).

qʰaboʔ   [qʰaboʔ]   Noun. garter snake.

qʰabo·ṭ   [qʰaboʔ]   Noun. any small snake, often a garter snake or a small, harmless species of water snake -- colored black, red and yellow.

qʰabukʰuʔkʰu   [qʰabúkʰuʔkʰu]  ʔahqʰa, bukʰuʔkʰu. Noun. silverfish (or other isopod?)

qʰabuṭaqa   [qʰabúṭaqa]  ʔahqʰa, buṭaqa. Noun. sea lion.

qʰac*1   [qʰaʔ]   Cooccurrence: In only one compound. Noun. ?

qʰaʔbeqʰac   [qʰaʔbeqʰáʔ]  qʰaʔbe, qʰac*1. Noun. sharp-shinned hawk. Accipiter striatus.

qʰac*2   [qʰaʔ]  Ø-, qʰac*3. Verb. divide, distribute evenly. qʰacʰmuʔ to divide up among one’s group. qʰacá·qa divide it up/out evenly! qʰacá·qa mil ʔbakʰe ʔ divide some out! qʰahcaqa D: Plural. qʰaci divide evenly! pʰala qʰáci divide evenly again! Example Variant: pʰalá hqʰaci. qʰací·du keep dividing evenly. maʔa ʔél qʰacá·qa divide the food out evenly. Example Variant: maʔa ʔél hqʰacá·qa. qʰácʰmucʼi divide up among people! pʰala qʰácʰmucʼi divide up among people again!

qʰac*3   [-]   Variant: qʰahc; qʰatac*. Instr Verb Root. divide, separate. compare: qʰa·*1.

diqʰac*   [diqʰaʔ]  di-, qʰac*3. Verb. family to be divided or separated, be separated from one’s home (by a great distance), divorce. miʔkʰe náṭayya ma cila díqʰaʔ ʔiqʰ it appears you have been separated from your children a while. qawi hla·li diqʰacʰmuʔ (family) be separated for a little while. diqʰaci be away from family! diqʰatácʰmeʔ be away from family (to several)!

duqʰac*   [duqʰaʔ]  du-, qʰac*3. Verb. divide with the finger. duqʰácʰmuʔ to take apart mutually, two parties to divide something between themselves.

hiqʰac*   [hiqʰáʔ]  hi-, qʰac*3. Verb. 1 • break apart, break in half. maci híqʰacʰmuʔ half the day.

2 • come to an end [?]

hiqʰac   [hiqʰáʔ]  hiqʰac*. 1 • Numeral. half. maci híqʰacʰmuʔ meʔ half the day. hiqʰáʔ qahšo half raw. ʔama híqʰacʰmuʔ meʔ half the time.

2 • Noun. part of some larger quantity [?] hiqʰaʔ kalo·n part of a gallon; quart. molokko mihca híqʰaʔ kalo·n four quarts of milk.

hiqʰaʔ kalo·n   [hiqʰaʔ kalo·n]  hiqʰac, kalo·n. Noun. quart. molokko mihce híqʰaʔ kalo·n four quarts of milk.

qʰac*2   [qʰaʔ]  Ø-, qʰac*3. Verb. divide, distribute evenly. qʰacʰmuʔ to divide up among one’s group. qʰacá·qa divide it up/out evenly! qʰacá·qa mil ʔbakʰe ʔ divide some out! qʰahcaqa D: Plural. qʰaci divide evenly! pʰala qʰáci divide evenly again! Example Variant: pʰalá hqʰaci. qʰací·du keep dividing evenly. maʔa ʔél qʰacá·qa divide the food out evenly. Example Variant: maʔa ʔél hqʰacá·qa. qʰácʰmucʼi divide up among people! pʰala qʰácʰmucʼi divide up among people again!

qʰacʰuli   [qʰacʰuli]  ʔahqʰa, cʰuli*, . Noun. low tide. compare: ʔahqʰa cʰuliw.

qʰacʰuli·naṭʰayʔṭʰa   [qʰacʰúli·naṭʰayʔṭʰa]  qʰacʰuli. Noun. starfish.

qʰacʰuli·naṭʰayʔṭʰa   [qʰacʰúli·naṭʰayʔṭʰa]  qʰacʰuli. Noun. starfish.

qʰacʼ   [qʰacʼ]   Animate Mimetic. crunch, sound of crunching something crisp and succulent like cucumber, pickle, carrot, celery. compare: kʼuṭʼ, kʼiṭʼ, kʼoṭʼ, cʼupʼ, cʼuʔbuʔbu*, kʼi·š*3, kʼiši·m*, kʼiš2, kʼaš2, kʼiši*, kʼihšikihši*, kʼahšakʼahša*, kʼaṭʼ2, kʼa·ṭ*, kʼi·š, kʼuṭʼ, cʼupʼ.

qʰacʼ*   [qʰaʔ]   Verb. repeatedly put the point of a long object against something. synonyms: qʰay*2.

šaqʰacʼ*   [šaqʰaʔ]  ša-, qʰacʼ*. Verb. repeatedly put the point of a long object against something. šaqʰacʼá·dadu to go along intermittently repeatedly putting a long object (cane) down point first against (the floor). synonyms: šaqʰay*.

qʰacʼay   [qʰacʼay]  qʰaʔay.

qʰacʼayʔcʼa   [qʰacʼáyʔcʼa]  Lit: sea strawberries ʔahqʰa, cʼayʔcʼa. Noun. sea fig, sea apple, ice plant. a plant growing on coastal bluffs, whose fruit was eaten. Mesembryanthemum aequilaterale, Mesembryanthemum chilense, Carpobrotus chilensis (Ice Plant Family).

qʰacʼihpʰa   [qʰacʼíhpʰa]  Lit: water-ʔ-waste ʔahqʰa, ʔahpʰa. Noun. seaweed detritus, drift seaweed, waste seaweed; any unused species of seaweed that has washed up on the beach; any waste on the beach.

qʰacʼokoʔko   [qʰacʼókoʔko]  ʔahqʰa, cʼokoʔko*. Noun. lesser scaup, little bluebill (duck). Aythya affinis.

qʰacʼo·   [qʰacʼó·]  hicʼo·, ʔahqʰa. Noun. thatched barnacle. qʰacʼo·ʔé·mu it's a barnacle. Tetraclita rubescens.

qʰadaloqocʼ*   [qʰadalo·qoʔ]  qʰaʔdi*, -aloqocʼ. Verb. call, summon someone out here.

qʰadaš   [qʰadaš]   1 • Adjective. light-colored, pastel, faint, very light pink, green, etc. qʰadaš é· mu it's light-colored.

2 • Adverb. dimly seen. ʔacaʔ qʰadáš tʼetʰmaw the man is standing barely visible.

qʰadaʔ   [qʰadaʔ]   Adjective. light-colored, pastel.

qʰade   [qʰade]  qʰade*2. Kinship Noun. (my, our) grandson!

qʰade*1   [-]   Cooccurrence: requires possessive and case marking. Kinship Noun. grandson. compare: qʰademe*1.

maqʰade*   [-]  qʰade*1. Kinship Noun. his own grandson.

maqʰade   [maqʰade]  maqʰade*. Kinship Noun. his, her, or their grandson.

maqʰadel   [maqʰadel]  maqʰade*. Kinship Noun. (to) his own grandson.

miqʰade*   [-]  qʰade*1. Kinship Noun. your grandson.

miqʰade   [miqʰade]  miqʰade*. Kinship Noun. your grandson.

miya·qʰade*   [-]  qʰade*1. Kinship Noun. his, her, or their grandson.

miya·qʰade   [miyá·qʰade]  miya·qʰade*. Kinship Noun. his, her or their grandson.

qʰade*2   [-]  qʰade*1. Kinship Noun. my grandson.

qʰade   [qʰade]  qʰade*2. Kinship Noun. (my, our) grandson!

qʰadenʔ   [qʰadenʔ]  qʰade*2. Kinship Noun. my or our grandson.

qʰade*2   [-]  qʰade*1. Kinship Noun. my grandson.

qʰade   [qʰade]  qʰade*2. Kinship Noun. (my, our) grandson!

qʰadenʔ   [qʰadenʔ]  qʰade*2. Kinship Noun. my or our grandson.

qʰademe*1   [-]   Cooccurrence: requires possessive and case marking. Kinship Noun. granddaughter. compare: qʰade*1.

maqʰademe*   [-]  qʰademe*1. Kinship Noun. one's own granddaughter.

maqʰademenʔ   [maqʰademenʔ]  maqʰademe*. Kinship Noun. his, her, or their granddaughter.

miqʰademe*   [-]  qʰademe*1. Kinship Noun. your granddaughter.

miqʰademenʔ   [miqʰademenʔ]  miqʰademe*. Kinship Noun. your granddaughter.

miya·qʰademe*   [-]  qʰademe*1. Kinship Noun. his, her or their granddaughter.

miya·qʰademenʔ   [miyá·qʰademenʔ]  miya·qʰademe*. Kinship Noun. his, her or their granddaughter.

qʰademe*2   [-]  qʰademe*1. Kinship Noun. my granddaughter.

qʰademenʔ   [qʰademenʔ]  qʰademe*2. Kinship Noun. my or our granddaughter.

qʰademe*2   [-]  qʰademe*1. Kinship Noun. my granddaughter.

qʰademenʔ   [qʰademenʔ]  qʰademe*2. Kinship Noun. my or our granddaughter.

qʰademenʔ   [qʰademenʔ]  qʰademe*2. Kinship Noun. my or our granddaughter.

qʰadenʔ   [qʰadenʔ]  qʰade*2. Kinship Noun. my or our grandson.

qʰade·cʼ*   [qʰade·cʼ]  qʰade·d*.

qʰade·d*   [qʰade·du]  qʰaʔdi*, -ad2. Variant: qʰade·cʼ*. Verb. come after, go get or fetch. ʔahša qʰade·dela I have come for fish. qʰadedu·ci go afar for it! qʰdedú·tʰuʔ D: Negative. qʰáde·cʼicʰmeʔ D: Plural. qʰade·cʼí·tʰumeʔ D: Plural Negative.

qʰadit*   [qʰadit]  qʰaʔdi*.

qʰaditicʼ*   [qʰaditicʼ]  qʰadi·cʼ*.

qʰadíʔtʼubuʔ   [qʰadíʔtʼubuʔ]  ʔahqʰa diʔtʼubuʔ.

qʰadi·cʼ*   [qʰadiʔ]  qʰaʔdi*. Variant: qʰaditicʼ*. Verb. call someone over, summon. qʰadi·cʼi call him over! qʰadicʼméʔ call him over! (to several). qʰadiʔtʰúʔ don't call him over! qʰadimá·qocʼi call him in here! qʰadicʼi·du qʰadicʼi·duce·du qʰadicʼwácʼmeʔ qʰadic'wacʼí·yicʼmeʔ

qʰahc   [-]  qʰac*3. Cooccurrence: this plural form used with directional suffixes.

qʰahmo   [-]  ʔahqʰa, ʔimo. Noun. water hole.

qʰahy*  hqʰayʔ*1, . Instr Verb Root. slide.

qʰakuhtu   [qʰakúhtu]  qʰakuṭu.

qʰakuhtʰu   [qʰakúhtʰu]  kuhtʰu*, ʔahqʰa. Noun. lesser scaup. compare: qʰakuṭu.

qʰakuṭu   [qʰakúṭu]   Variant: qʰakuhtu. Noun. ? mink ? compare: qʰakuhtʰu.

qʰakuṭʰuṭʰe   [qʰakuṭʰuṭʰe]  kuṭʰuṭʰu*.

qʰakuṭʰuṭʰu   [qʰakúṭʰuṭʰu]  ʔahqʰa, kuṭʰuṭʰu*. Noun. Thais snail.

qʰakʼuṭʰu·ṭʰu   [qʰakʼúṭʰu·ṭʰu]   Noun. whelk.

qʰal   [qʰal]  ʔaqʰal.

qʰal*1   [-]   Variant: qʰalta*. Instr Verb Root. move one thing across a surface, brush against, rub against, slide across, drag, stroke. synonyms: hkʰel*, hkʰe*2, hqʰa*3, qʰa·m*, hqʰaṭ*1, qʰaqʰaṭ*, hqʰaṭ*2, qʰa·*1, qʰam*3, hqʰayʔ*1.

biqʰal*   [biqʰalʔ]  bi-, qʰal*1. Verb. drag something by wrapping arms around it.

ciqʰal*1   [ciqʰálʔ]  cʰi-, qʰal*1. Variant: ciqʰahl*. Verb. drag by holding a handle. ciqʰálmaw to drag holding by handle-like part. ciqʰáhlalaw several to pull (sleds) downhill. ciqʰali drag by handle! ciqʰáltameʔ @. ciqʰálci drag once! ciqʰálma @ drag several times. qʰale ʔíša· ʔama tól ciqʰalmaw the branch is dragging on the ground. ciqʰalá·dadu dragging something light and long (like a sheet). ciqʰáhlalaw dragging down several. ciqʰáhlahmuʔli to drag several down with. ciqʰala·law drag one down. ciqʰalá·law to pull (a sled) downhill. synonyms: cihqʰalh*.

ciqʰahlalaw   [ciqʰáhlalaw]  ciqʰal*1, -ala. Noun. sled.

ciqʰalciqʰal*   [ciqʰálciqʰalʔ]  ciqʰal*1. Reduplicating Verb. drag back and forth, holding a handle or part of larger object. qʰale ʔíša· ʔama tól ciqʰálciqʰalʔ the branch is dragging back and forth on the ground.

cuqʰal*1   [cuqʰálʔ]  cu-, qʰal*1. Verb. strike a match. cuqʰálta strike them! cuqʰali strike! cuqʰalá·du keep striking!

daqʰal*2   [daqʰalʔ]  da-, qʰal*1. Verb. brush the hand against something, rub once with the hand. daqʰalʔtaw several to rub with hand once. daqʰala·law slide hand down. compare: dahqʰa*, daqʰal*1, daqʰal*1.

daqʰaldaqʰal*   [daqʰaldaqʰalʔ]  daqʰal*2. Reduplicating Verb. rub with the hand repeatedly.

duqʰal*2   [duqʰalʔ]  du-, qʰal*1. Verb. rub with finger. duqʰalʔ rub with finger once. duqʰalʔtaw several rub with finger once. compare: duqʰal*1, duhqʰa*3, duhqʰa*3.

hiqʰal*   [hiqʰalʔ]  hi-, qʰal*1. Verb. brush against with body. hiqʰala·dadu be walking along barely brishing against bushes. compare: hihqʰalh*; synonyms: hiqol*, hisʼul*.

miqʰal*1   [miqʰalʔ]  mi-2, qʰal*1. Verb. brush once with the toe (not necessarily making a mark).

puqʰal*   [puqʰalʔ]  pʰu-, qʰal*1. Verb. blow across surface.

qaqʰal*   [qaqʰalʔ]  qa-, qʰal*1. Verb. drag (something) with teeth. qaqʰala·dadu (dog) to be intermittently dragging (a bone) along with the teeth. qaqʰáhladu·cedu @ D: Plural, Dur. qaqʰala·du (be·li) drag hither.

šuqʰal*   [šuqʰalʔ]  šu-, qʰal*1. Verb. drag across surface; move along surface by pulling. šuqʰalá·dadu to drag along intermittently by pulling. šuqʰálcicʼi pull dragging towards self. šuqʰálmaci pull dragging in hence. baco· šuqʰalá·dadu (she) is pulling the boat easily. Example Variant: baco· šuqʰála·dadu.

qʰal*2   [-]   Instr Verb Root. make a mark, streak.

ciqʰal*2   [ciqʰálʔ]  cʰi-, qʰal*2. Variant: ciqʰalta*. Verb. make a mark with a handled instrument (pencil). mu ṭa ma kʼili cíqʰaltawem, milú· sʼiwa·dun you are making black marks, while writing with it. ciqʰali make a mark! ciqʰálmeʔ make a mark (to several)! ciqʰáltameʔ make several marks (to several)! ciqʰalá·du keep making a mark! ciqʰalíyow @.

daqʰal*1   [daqʰalʔ]  da-, qʰal*2. Variant: daqʰalta*. Verb. make one mark with the hand. daqʰali mark once with hand! compare: daqʰal*2, dahqʰa*, daqʰal*2.

duqʰal*1   [duqʰalʔ]  du-, qʰal*2. Verb. make a mark with the finger. duqʰali mark with finger! duqʰámeʔ mark with finger (to several)! duqʰáltameʔ mark several with finger (to several)! duqʰalá·duwa·du habitually mark with finger. compare: duqʰal*2, duhqʰa*3.

duqʰalicʼ*   [duqʰaliʔ]  duqʰal*1, -icʼ2. Variant: duqʰaltacʼ*. Verb. to make a mark with the fingers; specifically to paint a design on one’s own face with pigments on the fingers. duqʰlí·cʼi paint your face! duqʰaltacʼi D: Plural. duqʰalícʼmeʔ paint your face (to several)! duqʰáltacʼeʔ paint your faces (to several)!

haqʰal*   [haqʰalʔ]  ha-, qʰal*2. Verb. make a mark by kicking or by scraping backwards with the foot.

maqʰal*   [maqʰalʔ]  ma-2, qʰal*2. Variant: maqʰalta*. Verb. make a mark with the foot, claws, maqʰáltamaʔ several to be painting themselves (their faces) with their feet (done in a myth by some birds).

miqʰal*2   [miqʰalʔ]  mi-2, qʰal*2. Verb. make a mark by scraping with the toe.

qʰal*3   [-]   Instr Verb Root. disappear, go out of sight.

siqʰal*   [siqʰalʔ]  si-, qʰal*3. Verb. disappear. siqʰálciʔ (penny) to drop out of sight (behind a chair). siqʰalá·duʔ to disappear into the distance, go out of sight. hayu momacʼba, siqʰalá·du·y a dog ran by and disappeared into the distance.

siqʰala·qac*   [siqʰalá·qaʔ]  Lit: disappear upwards (probably referring to heaven). siqʰal*, -aqac. Verb. expire, pass away, give up dying breath; doze off. sima siqʰala·qaʔ doze off. ʔul siqʰala·qa·y he passed away.

qʰal*4   [-]   Instr Verb Root. NOGLOSS.

cuqʰal*2   [cuqʰálʔ]  cu-, qʰal*4. Verb. Only in the following sentence. maṭʼqʰa yó· cuqʰalciw fall down and get head stuck in mud (see under mu-sʼa-w and šu-hwi-w). Several years later retranslated as drag in the mud.

qʰalaʔ šošo qʰale   [qʰalaʔ šošo qʰale]  Lit: faded tube plant qʰala·c, šošo qʰale. Noun. (small valley) cow parsnip. generic: šošo qʰale.

qʰala·c   [qʰalaʔ´]  Lit: faded black hair qʰala·c*. Adjective. 1 • yellow, tan or brown; dust or cream colored. heʔe qʰálaʔ brown, blonde or yellow hair. heʔe kʼili qʰalaʔ brown hair. qʰalaʔ cí·cʼi become yellow! qʰalaʔ ʔi be yellow! hayu qʰalaʔ brown or tan dog. qʰalacʼínsʼe· mu it seems to be yellow. qʰalaʔ min like yellow. qʰalaʔ tʰin not yellow. (hu·) qʰalacʼ (yes) it’s yellow. compare: cʼahtaʔ šiʔba.

2 • dim, faded, light (color). qʰalaʔ sʼaqʰá·la light (or faded) green or blue. cahno qʰálaʔ faded voice. Example Comment: describes hoarse, raspy voice of old man. cahno qʰálacʼe· mu it's a hoarse, raspy voice.

kʼili qʰalaʔ   [kʼili qʰálaʔ]  kʼili, qʰala·c. Adjective. brown.

qʰalaʔ šošo qʰale   [qʰalaʔ šošo qʰale]  Lit: faded tube plant qʰala·c, šošo qʰale. Noun. (small valley) cow parsnip. generic: šošo qʰale.

qʰala·c*   [qʰalaʔ´]   Verb. fade (of color). qʰalaci·bici inceptive. qʰalacʰmawé· be·li it is yellowish in here (things in the room are brownish, not white or bright colored). qʰalaci·bícʰmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qʰalaci·bice·du inceptive, Durative.

qʰala·c   [qʰalaʔ´]  Lit: faded black hair qʰala·c*. Adjective. 1 • yellow, tan or brown; dust or cream colored. heʔe qʰálaʔ brown, blonde or yellow hair. heʔe kʼili qʰalaʔ brown hair. qʰalaʔ cí·cʼi become yellow! qʰalaʔ ʔi be yellow! hayu qʰalaʔ brown or tan dog. qʰalacʼínsʼe· mu it seems to be yellow. qʰalaʔ min like yellow. qʰalaʔ tʰin not yellow. (hu·) qʰalacʼ (yes) it’s yellow. compare: cʼahtaʔ šiʔba.

2 • dim, faded, light (color). qʰalaʔ sʼaqʰá·la light (or faded) green or blue. cahno qʰálaʔ faded voice. Example Comment: describes hoarse, raspy voice of old man. cahno qʰálacʼe· mu it's a hoarse, raspy voice.

kʼili qʰalaʔ   [kʼili qʰálaʔ]  kʼili, qʰala·c. Adjective. brown.

qʰalaʔ šošo qʰale   [qʰalaʔ šošo qʰale]  Lit: faded tube plant qʰala·c, šošo qʰale. Noun. (small valley) cow parsnip. generic: šošo qʰale.

qʰala·cci*   [qʰalacciʔ]  qʰala·c*. Verb. be yellow, brown. qʰalacciwá·tacʼmeʔ you (all) get yellow!

qʰala·cci*   [qʰalacciʔ]  qʰala·c*. Verb. be yellow, brown. qʰalacciwá·tacʼmeʔ you (all) get yellow!

qʰale1   [qʰale]   Noun. tree, plant (of any kind).

kʼošoʔšo qʰale   [kʼošóʔšo qʰale]  kʼošoʔšo, qʰale1. Noun. salal plant. Gaultheria Shallon (Heath Family).

naya mihše qʰale   [naya míhše qʰale]  Lit: wild tea naya, mihše*, qʰale1. Noun. labrador tea tree, tree tea. Ledum glandulosum ssp. columbianum (Heath Family).

paši qʰale   [paši qʰale]  Lit: poison plant paši·, qʰale1. Noun. unk. plant.

qʰale masincʼe·   [qʰale másincʼe·]  qʰale1, masuncʼe·. Noun. 1 • chantarelle mushroom. Cantharellus cibarius (Chantarelles).

2 • red jelly fungus. Phlogiotis helvelloides.

qʰale qoci   [qʰale qóci]  Lit: tree moss qʰale1, qoci. Noun. spanish moss. Ramalina Menziesii (Ramalinaceae).

qʰale qʰamʔli   [qʰale qʰámʔli]  Lit: among the trees qʰale1, qʰamʔli. Adverb. in the forest.

qʰalehso   [qʰaléhso]  Lit: Tree clover qʰale1, ʔohso. Noun. clover, unidentified variety.

siʔdohcʰoʔ qʰale   [siʔdohcʰoʔ qʰale]  qʰale1.

šihpʰa sʼaluʔ qʰale   [šihpʰa sʼáluʔ qʰale]  Lit: glistening leaf plant; slippery leaf plant šihpʰa, sʼalut, qʰale1. Noun. redwood ivy, inside-out flower. Vancouveria parviflora or planipetala (Barberry Family).

šošo qʰale   [šošo qʰále]  Lit: tube plant šošo, qʰale1. Noun. cow parsnip. Heracleum lanatum (Carrot Family). specific: buṭaqa šošo qʰale, qʰalaʔ šošo qʰale.

buṭaqa šošo qʰale   [buṭaqá šošo qʰale]  Lit: bear tube plant buṭaqa, šošo qʰale. Noun. (thick coastal) cow parsnip. generic: šošo qʰale.

qʰalaʔ šošo qʰale   [qʰalaʔ šošo qʰale]  Lit: faded tube plant qʰala·c, šošo qʰale. Noun. (small valley) cow parsnip. generic: šošo qʰale.

ʔihqʰoʔ qʰale   [ʔihqʰóʔ qʰale]  Lit: root tree ʔihqʰoṭ, qʰale1. Noun. yew. Taxus brevifolia (Yew Family). synonyms: caha qʰale, qʰawaʔni qʰale.

qʰale2   [qʰale]   Adverb. always be, stand for, be known for characteristic. nisáʔcʼa· qʰale ʔe· mu he has always been universally hated. Example Variant: nisáʔcʼayawe· mu.

qʰale bihko   [qʰale bihkow]  hko*1. Verb. tree with a long trunk.

qʰale cʼa·wi   [qʰale cʼa·wi]  qʰale1, cʼa·wi*. Noun. a park where there are a lot of trees.

qʰale hoto·   [qʰale hoto·]  . Place Name. Timber Edge.

qʰale masincʼe·   [qʰale másincʼe·]  qʰale1, masuncʼe·. Noun. 1 • chantarelle mushroom. Cantharellus cibarius (Chantarelles).

2 • red jelly fungus. Phlogiotis helvelloides.

qʰale qoci   [qʰale qóci]  Lit: tree moss qʰale1, qoci. Noun. spanish moss. Ramalina Menziesii (Ramalinaceae).

qʰale qʰamʔli   [qʰale qʰámʔli]  Lit: among the trees qʰale1, qʰamʔli. Adverb. in the forest.

qʰale silil   [qʰale silil]   Place Name. Forest Depths.

qʰale šucʰaw   [qʰale šúcʰaw]  qʰale1, šucʰa·*. Verb. bend over a plant and tie it (to mark a trail). qʰale šúhcʰawayʔ to tie something to a tree. qʰale šucʰáhwayʔ tie to different trees.

qʰale ʔiša·   [qʰale ʔíša·]   Noun. branch of tree.

qʰalehso   [qʰaléhso]  Lit: Tree clover qʰale1, ʔohso. Noun. clover, unidentified variety.

qʰalem*   [qʰalemʔ]   Verb. become physiologically mature; adult, mature. ʔúl qʰalemqa· maʔu the (tree or person) has matured. qʰalema grow up! get mature! ʔacaʔ qʰalémʔ šibata·law to behave like an adult. Example Variant: šibati·biʔ. qʰalema·tacʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. ʔima·ta qʰalema become a woman! (to a girl). ʔima·ta qʰáleme· ma ʔtʼo ṭʼo you’re a grown woman now. ʔima·ta qʰálemaye· maya ʔtʼo ṭʼo you’re grown women now. qʰalemá·du D: Durative. qʰalémmeʔ D: Plural Imperative.

ʔaca·ʔ qʰalemʔ   [ʔacaʔ qʰalémʔ]  ʔaca·c, qʰalem*. Noun. 1 • teen-ager, boy of 16-18 years; to 40 years.

2 • adult man.

ʔima·ta qʰalemʔ   [ʔima·ta qʰálemʔ]  ʔima·ta, qʰalem*. Noun. 1 • mature woman, adult female.

2 • teenage girl (~17 years old).

qʰalle   [qʰalle]   Place Name. Kalle.

qʰalta*1   [-]  qʰal*1.

qʰalta*2   [-]  hqʰalh*.

qʰalʔda   [qʰalʔda]  . Place Name. Shore Trail.

qʰalʔsʼa   [qʰálʔsʼa]  ʔahqʰa, lʔsʼa*. Noun. weasel. compare: miʔdiš.

qʰam*1   [-]   Instr Verb Root. cut several. compare: qʰa·*2.

cuqʰam*   [cuqʰámʔ]  cu-, qʰam*1. Verb. cut several rounded things, like knees. cuqʰamaʔ to cut more than one rounded part of one’s own body (both knees). cʼe·lícʼba to moqʰo· cuqʰámacʼwiy I fell down and cut my knees. cuqʰá·macʼwiy cut my knee.

qʰam*2   [-]  qʰa·*1, -m1. Instr Verb Root. detach, break off, pick off¡plu.

pʰuqʰam*   [pʰuqʰamʔ]  pʰu-, qʰam*2. Verb. blow off. synonyms: pʰocʼo·m*.

qʰam*3   [-]  qʰa·*3. Instr Verb Root. detach several. synonyms: hkʰel*, hkʰe*2, hqʰa*3, qʰal*1, qʰa·m*, hqʰaṭ*1, qʰaqʰaṭ*, hqʰaṭ*2, qʰa·*1, hqʰayʔ*1.

qʰama1   [qʰama]   Noun. 1 • foot (anatomy). qʰama síhla yya flat feet. qʰama míya·ṭʰe big toe (lit. "foot mother"). qʰama qáwi little toe. qʰama qáwi hecʼ little toe nail. mu qʰama tʰín e· mu @.

2 • foot (measure) [translated loan]. ku qʰáma one foot. lancʼa qʰáma ʔahqʰol six-feet tall. lancʼa qʰáma ʔahqol ʔacaʔ six-foot tall person. Example Variant: ʔacaʔ lancʼa qʰáma ʔahqol. ku qʰáma hnaʔ to measure one foot; it measures one foot.

3 • tracks (footprints); traces (of dead father). compare: qʰama·.

qʰama bidilicʼ   [qʰama bídiliʔ]  qʰama1, bidilicʼ*. Verb. be on tiptoe. qʰama bidiliʔ wa·du to walk on tiptoe.

qʰama ho·tow   [qʰama hó·tow]  qʰama1, ho·tow. Noun. sole of foot.

qʰama kunu   [qʰama kúnu]  qʰama1, kunu. Noun. ball of foot; pad of foot near toes.

qʰama kʼidi·   [qʰama kʼídi·]  qʰama1, kʼiʔdi. 1 • Noun. instep.

2 • Verb. constrict.

qʰama kʼiʔdimʔ   [qʰama kʼíʔdimʔ]  qʰama1, kʼiʔdim*. Noun. arch of foot.

qʰama maqalmaʔ li   [qʰama máqalmaʔli]  Lit: many feet wipe themselves place.; where many feet wipe on qʰama1, mahqalh*. Noun. rug. synonyms: qʰama maqalmaʔ tol.

qʰama pʰiʔkʼo   [qʰama pʰíʔkʼo]  Lit: foot ball qʰama1, pʰiʔkʼo. Noun. ball of the ankle.

qʰama qʼolo·mo   [qʰama qʼólo·mo]  qʰama1, qʼolo·mo. Noun. sole of foot ?

qʰama sili   [qʰama síli]  qʰama1, sili. Noun. heel (of foot).

qʰama sili ʔima   [qʰama síli ʔima]  qʰama sili, ʔima. Noun. Achilles tendon [?]

qʰama winal   [qʰama wínal]  qʰama1, wina·, -l. Adverb. (arrive, follow) on someone's footsteps, on someone's trail.

qʰama ʔbamʔ   [qʰama ʔbamʔ]  qʰama1, ʔbamʔ*. Noun. toe.

qʰama ʔbamʔ cunehwa·mucʼ   [qʰamá ʔbamʔ cunehwa·muʔ]  qʰama ʔbamʔ, cune·wa·mucʼ*. Noun. toe joint.

qʰamat*   [qʰamaʔ]  qʰama1, -t1. Verb. do with the foot, hold the foot in a particular position.

qʰamaʔbamʔ   [qʰamá ʔbamʔ]  Lit: foot framing stick qʰama1, ʔbam*. Noun. big-toe, toes in general.

qʰama· de·du   [qʰama· dé·du]  qʰama1, de·*. Verb. follow tracks. qʰama· dé·du to follow later. qʰama· dé·du·y he followed the tracks. qʰama· dedú·ci follow off to the distance! qʰama· déhcadu·ci (to one) Follow (several) off to a distance! qʰama· déhcacʼicʰmeʔ (to several) Follow (several) off to a distance! naṭayya ʔem maʔéʔkʰe qʰama dé·cʼin míl pʰila·cʼ the children are going along and following their father’s tracks (looking at prints). naṭayya qʰama· dé·duye· maʔel basatícʼqaʔnati the children later followed their father, even though he told them to stay (not nec. looking at tracks). (/qʰama·/ is "later") (contrast /qʰama/ vs. /qʰama·/). ʔahcá· de·maʔ to follow into the house. qʰama· demá·duʔ he trailed (her) here. qʰama wínal ma·duʔ to arrive on one’s footsteps.

qʰama2   [qʰama]  qʰama·.

qʰama bidilicʼ   [qʰama bídiliʔ]  qʰama1, bidilicʼ*. Verb. be on tiptoe. qʰama bidiliʔ wa·du to walk on tiptoe.

qʰama hataṭ   [qʰama hataʔ]  qʰama1, hataṭ*. Adjective. slew-footed.

qʰama he·cʼ   [qʰama hécʼ]  qʰama1, he·cʼ. Noun. toe nail.

qʰama ho·tow   [qʰama hó·tow]  qʰama1, ho·tow. Noun. sole of foot.

qʰama kunu   [qʰama kúnu]  qʰama1, kunu. Noun. ball of foot; pad of foot near toes.

qʰama kʼidi·   [qʰama kʼídi·]  qʰama1, kʼiʔdi. 1 • Noun. instep.

2 • Verb. constrict.

qʰama kʼiʔdimʔ   [qʰama kʼíʔdimʔ]  qʰama1, kʼiʔdim*. Noun. arch of foot.

qʰama maqalmaʔ li   [qʰama máqalmaʔli]  Lit: many feet wipe themselves place.; where many feet wipe on qʰama1, mahqalh*. Noun. rug. synonyms: qʰama maqalmaʔ tol.

qʰama maqalmaʔ tol   [qʰama máqalmaʔ tol]  Lit: many feet wipe themselves on. qʰama1, mahqalh*. Noun. rug. synonyms: qʰama maqalmaʔ li.

qʰama maʔṭʼew   [qʰama máʔṭʼew]  ʔṭʼe*2. Noun. foot-print.

qʰama miʔṭʼew   [qʰama míʔṭʼew]  ʔṭʼe*2. Noun. toe print.

qʰama nuwa   [qʰama núwaw]  . Verb. chase.

qʰama pʰiʔkʼo   [qʰama pʰíʔkʼo]  Lit: foot ball qʰama1, pʰiʔkʼo. Noun. ball of the ankle.

qʰama qahqo   [qʰama qáhqo]  . Adjective. barefoot.

qʰama qʼolo·mo   [qʰama qʼólo·mo]  qʰama1, qʼolo·mo. Noun. sole of foot ?

qʰama sili   [qʰama síli]  qʰama1, sili. Noun. heel (of foot).

qʰama sili ʔima   [qʰama síli ʔima]  qʰama sili, ʔima. Noun. Achilles tendon [?]

qʰama sili ʔima   [qʰama síli ʔima]  qʰama sili, ʔima. Noun. Achilles tendon [?]

qʰama winal   [qʰama wínal]  qʰama1, wina·, -l. Adverb. (arrive, follow) on someone's footsteps, on someone's trail.

qʰama ʔbamʔ   [qʰama ʔbamʔ]  qʰama1, ʔbamʔ*. Noun. toe.

qʰama ʔbamʔ cunehwa·mucʼ   [qʰamá ʔbamʔ cunehwa·muʔ]  qʰama ʔbamʔ, cune·wa·mucʼ*. Noun. toe joint.

qʰama ʔbamʔ cunehwa·mucʼ   [qʰamá ʔbamʔ cunehwa·muʔ]  qʰama ʔbamʔ, cune·wa·mucʼ*. Noun. toe joint.

qʰamacʰqamuʔ cuhti   [qʰamacʰqamuʔ cuhti]  qʰama·cʰqamucʼ*, cuhti. Noun. second leader's design.

qʰamat*   [qʰamaʔ]  qʰama1, -t1. Verb. do with the foot, hold the foot in a particular position.

qʰamaʔbamʔ   [qʰamá ʔbamʔ]  Lit: foot framing stick qʰama1, ʔbam*. Noun. big-toe, toes in general.

qʰama·   [qʰama·]   Variant: qʰama. Adverb. 1 • after, later, on the trail. ʔoho qʰáma· wanʔ he followed the fire. compare: qʰama1.

2 • in a like manner. to· qʰamá· cicʼi·du do as I do. qʰama· cicʼi·du do as (someone else has) done. Example Variant: qʰama· mensʼiw.

qʰama· de·ci   [qʰama· dé·ciw]  qʰama·, de·*. Verb. follow along (probably later). qʰama· dé·cʼiʔ several to follow. qʰama· deʔ they followed. Example Variant: qʰama· dé·cʼiy.. qʰama· dé·cʼicʰmeʔ follow (to several)! má hla· qʰama· de·ci you too follow (with them)! má hla· qʰama· decí·du you too keep following. qʰama· dé·cime·du D: Durative, Semelfactive. qʰama· dé·du to follow someone along the trail.

qʰama·c*   [qʰamaʔ]  qʰama·. Instr Verb Stem. accompany. ki·kitó ʔa qʰama·tiʔ I’m going with my older brother. Example Variant: ...qʰama·tiʔdéla.. qʰama·ci go with (not follow). qʰamacʰmeʔ several with same person. qʰamáhcibicʰmeʔ D: Plural Imperaive. qʰamacʰmaw go across with. qʰamaca·law go down with. synonyms: duhye*.

qʰama·tow   [qʰama·tow]  qʰama·. Adverb. after, afterwards. ʔoho qʰáma·tow after the fire (burned). ʔahqʰa qʰáma·tow after water (does something).

biqʰama·tow   [biqʰáma·tow]  bi*, qʰama·tow. Variant: biqʰama· tol. Adverb. after this, hereafter.

qʰama· de·ci   [qʰama· dé·ciw]  qʰama·, de·*. Verb. follow along (probably later). qʰama· dé·cʼiʔ several to follow. qʰama· deʔ they followed. Example Variant: qʰama· dé·cʼiy.. qʰama· dé·cʼicʰmeʔ follow (to several)! má hla· qʰama· de·ci you too follow (with them)! má hla· qʰama· decí·du you too keep following. qʰama· dé·cime·du D: Durative, Semelfactive. qʰama· dé·du to follow someone along the trail.

qʰama· de·du   [qʰama· dé·du]  qʰama1, de·*. Verb. follow tracks. qʰama· dé·du to follow later. qʰama· dé·du·y he followed the tracks. qʰama· dedú·ci follow off to the distance! qʰama· déhcadu·ci (to one) Follow (several) off to a distance! qʰama· déhcacʼicʰmeʔ (to several) Follow (several) off to a distance! naṭayya ʔem maʔéʔkʰe qʰama dé·cʼin míl pʰila·cʼ the children are going along and following their father’s tracks (looking at prints). naṭayya qʰama· dé·duye· maʔel basatícʼqaʔnati the children later followed their father, even though he told them to stay (not nec. looking at tracks). (/qʰama·/ is "later") (contrast /qʰama/ vs. /qʰama·/). ʔahcá· de·maʔ to follow into the house. qʰama· demá·duʔ he trailed (her) here. qʰama wínal ma·duʔ to arrive on one’s footsteps.

qʰama· waci·du   [qʰama· wací·du]  waci·du. Variant: waci·du qʰama·. Noun. follower. waci·dál qʰamacʰmeʔ follow the leader! follow the one going first! (There is a leader for everything who says, "Let’s go get huckleberries." Individual can’t just go off on own without planning in group or else he would be accused of taking too much and be poisoned. The individual will be talked about. Everything has to be done in group and divided. If one woman wants to pound acorns and make mush, she gets others to do it too or she has to share with everyone and can keep little. If she doesn’t share, she may be poisoned.)

qʰama·c*   [qʰamaʔ]  qʰama·. Instr Verb Stem. accompany. ki·kitó ʔa qʰama·tiʔ I’m going with my older brother. Example Variant: ...qʰama·tiʔdéla.. qʰama·ci go with (not follow). qʰamacʰmeʔ several with same person. qʰamáhcibicʰmeʔ D: Plural Imperaive. qʰamacʰmaw go across with. qʰamaca·law go down with. synonyms: duhye*.

qʰama·cʰqamucʼ*   [qʰama·cʰqamuʔ]  . Verb. be driven one after another.

qʰamacʰqamuʔ cuhti   [qʰamacʰqamuʔ cuhti]  qʰama·cʰqamucʼ*, cuhti. Noun. second leader's design.

qʰama·tad*   [-]  hqʰam*2. Instr Verb Root. grunt rhythmically.

qʰama·tow   [qʰama·tow]  qʰama·. Adverb. after, afterwards. ʔoho qʰáma·tow after the fire (burned). ʔahqʰa qʰáma·tow after water (does something).

biqʰama·tow   [biqʰáma·tow]  bi*, qʰama·tow. Variant: biqʰama· tol. Adverb. after this, hereafter.

qʰamihwal   [qʰamihwal]  ʔahqʰa. Place Name. Bay Area.

qʰamiʔdiš   [qʰamíʔdiš]  ʔahqʰa, miʔdiš. Noun. wild chestnut, giant chinquapin. there is a large clump between Kashia and lumber camp to the east. Castanopsis chrysophylla.

qʰamiʔdiš qʰale   [qʰamiʔdiš qʰale]  Lit: water-nut tree . Noun. chestnut (tree), giant chinquapin. Castanopsis chrysophylla (Beech Family).

qʰamiʔdiš qʰale cuʔcʼe   [qʰamíʔdiš qʰale cuʔcʼe]  qʰamiʔdiš qʰale, cuʔcʼe. Noun. dwarf chinquapin (Castanopsis chrysophylla variety minor).

qʰamiʔdiš qʰale cuʔcʼe   [qʰamíʔdiš qʰale cuʔcʼe]  qʰamiʔdiš qʰale, cuʔcʼe. Noun. dwarf chinquapin (Castanopsis chrysophylla variety minor).

qʰamli qʼa·cʼ   [qʰamli qʼaʔ]  qʼa·*. Verb. give up; give up hope; surrender (of army). qʰamli qʼa·cʼi give up!

qʰamosʼ   [qʰamósʼ]  Lit: bitter water; sour water ʔahqʰa, mosʼ. Noun. ocean, sea. qʰamósʼ e· mu it's the ocean.

qʰamosʼ wehke   [qʰamosʼ wehke]  qʰamosʼ, wehke. Noun. sea otter.

qʰamosʼ wehke   [qʰamosʼ wehke]  qʰamosʼ, wehke. Noun. sea otter.

qʰamʔli   [qʰámʔli]   1 • Noun. insides, interior, guts [?] qʰamliltow at or from the inside volume of basket in illustration.

2 • Adposition. inside.

qʰale qʰamʔli   [qʰale qʰámʔli]  Lit: among the trees qʰale1, qʰamʔli. Adverb. in the forest.

qʰamʔli qʼac   [qʰamʔli qʼaʔ]  . Verb. lose one's nerve [?]

qʰamʔsʼudu   [qʰámʔsʼudu]   Noun. 1 • strawberry in general, whether wild or garden variety.

2 • beach strawberry, sand strawberry. Fragaria chiloensis (Rose Family).

3 • wood strawberry. Fragaria californica (Rose Family).

qʰana   [qʰana]   Noun. mortar rock, rock used under mortar basket; rock foundation. qʰana ʔ it's a mortar rock.

qʰaʔbe qʰana   [qʰaʔbe qʰána]  qʰaʔbe, qʰana. Noun. rock foundation for use under a mortar basket.

qʰanac   [qʰanaʔ]  qʰanac*. Noun. 1 • lump, clod. qʰanacʼé· mu it's a lump. qʰanátʰine· mu it's not a lump. ʔihyu· qʰanaʔ lump of rice. ʔihyu· qʰanácʼe· mu lt's a lump of ice.

2 • loaf.

ʔama qʰanac   [ʔama qʰanaʔ]  ʔama·1, qʰanac. Noun. clod of dirt.

qʰanac*   [qʰanaʔ]   Verb. get lumpy. qʰanácʰmaw to turn lumpy (of sugar). qʰanaci get lumpy! qʰanáhciw D: plural. pʰala qʰánaci get lumpy again!

qʰanac   [qʰanaʔ]  qʰanac*. Noun. 1 • lump, clod. qʰanacʼé· mu it's a lump. qʰanátʰine· mu it's not a lump. ʔihyu· qʰanaʔ lump of rice. ʔihyu· qʰanácʼe· mu lt's a lump of ice.

2 • loaf.

ʔama qʰanac   [ʔama qʰanaʔ]  ʔama·1, qʰanac. Noun. clod of dirt.

qʰapiliʔli   [qʰapíliʔli]  ʔahqʰa, piliʔli*. Noun. willet, semipalmated plover. compare: šaqoliʔli.

qʰaqahwe·   [qʰaqáhwe·]  Lit: water pitch qahwe·, qahwe·, qahwe·. Noun. Gum plant. Grindelia stricta venulosa (Sunflower Family).

qʰaqʰaṭ*   [-]   Instr Verb Root. scrape, move one object against another with firm contact, pull through a tight place often thereby stripping off several appendages with the one movement. synonyms: hkʰel*, hkʰe*2, hqʰa*3, qʰal*1, qʰa·m*, hqʰaṭ*1, hqʰaṭ*2, qʰa·*1, qʰam*3, hqʰayʔ*1.

daqʰaqʰaṭ*   [daqʰaqʰaʔ]  da-, qʰaqʰaṭ*. Verb. scrape with the hand. daqʰaqʰa·ṭalaw to scrape the fingernails down against (a wall).

haqʰaqʰaṭ*   [haqʰaqʰaʔ]  ha-, qʰaqʰaṭ*. Verb. scrape with the body. haqʰaqʰa·du to strip (a branch) with a swing of the hand.

maqʰaqʰaṭ*   [maqʰaqʰáʔ]  ma-2, qʰaqʰaṭ*. Verb. strip off; scrape with the hand. maqʰaqʰá·ṭalaw to strip (the leaves) off by wrapping the hand around (a branch) and moving it downward. maqʰaqʰá·ṭiʔ strip leaves off a branch in one movement of hand down the length. maqʰaqʰá·ṭicʼi keep stripping! maqʰaqʰá·ṭala strip it down once!

qaqʰaqʰaṭ*   [qaqʰaqʰaʔ]  qa-, qʰaqʰaṭ*. Verb. scrape between two forces, with the teeth. qaqʰaqʰa·ṭiʔ to strip with the teeth, pulling towards oneself.

šuqʰaqʰaṭ*   [šuqʰaqʰaʔ]  šu-, qʰaqʰaṭ*. Verb. scrape with the a long flexible object. šuqaqʰa·ṭaloʔ to pull (a string) up through a tight place.

qʰas   [qʰas]   Animate Mimetic. sound of a rub, sound of one thing moving against another; sound of (dog) nails clicking against the floor as walking. qʰas qʰas (qʰas) (qʰas) sound of shuffling along.

qʰasihqal   [qʰasíhqal]  ʔahqʰa, sihqal. Adjective. bland, weak (of food or drink); tasteless, saltless; watery tasting. maʔa qʰásihqal bland, saltless food. kafe· qʰasíhqal weak coffee. !!check kafe·. molókko qʰasihqal skim milk. bihše qʰasihqal saltless, flavorless meat.

qʰasiṭʼil   [qʰasiṭʼil]  qʰasi·ṭʼil.

qʰasi·ṭʼil   [qʰasí·ṭʼil]  ʔahqʰa, siṭʼil*. Variant: qʰasiṭʼil. Noun. land rising at end of water: seacliff, cliff along coast or river, bank.

qʰasʼaqʰa·   [qʰasʼáqʰa·]  Lit: water eel ʔahqʰa, sʼaqʰa·la. Noun. grass-like seaweed. Zostera marina, Zostera marina var. latifolia (Eelgrass Family). synonyms: sʼaqʰa·la.

qʰasʼiʔyaš   [qʰasʼíʔyaš]  ʔahqʰa, sʼiʔyaš. Variant: qʰasʼiʔyeš. Noun. blister. compare: qapoš.

qʰasʼiʔyaš coto·bic   [qʰasʼíʔyaš coto·biʔ]  qʰasʼiʔyaš, cohto*, -ibic. get a blister.

qʰasʼiʔyaš coto·bic   [qʰasʼíʔyaš coto·biʔ]  qʰasʼiʔyaš, cohto*, -ibic. get a blister.

qʰasʼiʔyeš   [qʰasʼíʔyeš]  qʰasʼiʔyaš.

qʰašaqa·qa   [qʰašáqa·qa]  ʔahqʰa, šaqa·qa. Noun. water strider.

qʰaše·   [qʰašé·]  ʔahqʰa, še·*. Noun. kelp, kelp rope [?]

qʰat*   [-]   Instr Verb Root. doctor, treat an ailment the Indian way. Despite the fixed use of the prefix du- (normally indicating "with the fingers") the doctoring is primarily by sucking out the pain (normally taking the prefix si-).

duqʰat*   [duqʰaʔ]  du-, qʰat*. Variant: duqʰatad*. Verb. doctor by sucking, treat an ailment the Indian way. duqʰatí to ʔ treat me! duqʰati treat by sucking! duqátʰmeʔ treat by sucking (to several)! duqʰatá·du (to doctor) treat!

duqʰata·du yaʔ   [duqʰata·du yaʔ]  duqʰat*, =yac. Noun. sucking doctor.

qʰatac*   [-]  qʰac*3.

qʰatam*   [-]  qʰa·m*.

qʰatow   [qʰatów]  ʔahqʰa, =ltow. Adverb. at the shore, on the coast.

qʰato·wilhqʰac   [qʰató·wilhqʰaʔ]  qʰatow, -l, =hqʰac. Adverb. toward the coast.

qʰatow ʔbakʰe   [qʰatów ʔbakʰe]  . 1 • Adjective. coastal (animal), from the coast.

2 • Noun. seafood.

qʰato·wilhqʰac   [qʰató·wilhqʰaʔ]  qʰatow, -l, =hqʰac. Adverb. toward the coast.

qʰaṭa*   [-]   Cooccurrence: occurs with R. Instr Verb Root. have tickle in throat, have scratchy throat.

qʰaṭaqʰaṭa*   [qʰaṭaqʰaṭaw]  qʰaṭa*. Verb. feel, be ticklish in the throat; tickle (only in throat); throat feeling when getting a cold. mihyaqʰama qʰaṭaqʰaṭaw my throat tickles. (mihyaqʰáma) qʰaṭaqʰátawe· to my throat feels ticklish.

qʰaṭaqʰaṭa*   [qʰaṭaqʰaṭaw]  qʰaṭa*. Verb. feel, be ticklish in the throat; tickle (only in throat); throat feeling when getting a cold. mihyaqʰama qʰaṭaqʰaṭaw my throat tickles. (mihyaqʰáma) qʰaṭaqʰátawe· to my throat feels ticklish.

qʰaṭʰa   [qʰaṭʰá]   Noun. gravel beach.

qʰaṭʰa·wi   [qʰaṭʰa·wi]  ʔahqʰa. Noun. seashore.

qʰaṭʰuʔul   [qʰaṭʰúʔul]  Lit: old water ʔahqʰa, ṭʰuʔul. Adjective. swamp, stagnant water.

qʰaṭʼ   [qʰaṭʼ]   Animate Mimetic. sound of a scrape. qʰa·ṭʼ sound of a long scrape. qʰaqʰa·ṭʼ rearticulated scraping sound from one movement.

qʰaṭʼqʰaʔṭʼa*   [-]  hqʰaṭ*1. Reduplicating Verb. rip apart.

qʰaw   [qʰaw]   Cooccurrence: Usually in some kind of iterative form for repetition of the sound in sequence or ensemble.. Animate Mimetic. sound of a rub with a change in timbre during the contact (such as rock against rock). qʰá·wʔ qʰá·wʔ (qʰá·wʔ) (qʰá·wʔ) sound of heavy rain beating down. qʰawaw(aw)(aw) sound of dumping a load of gravel or of nuts. synonyms: qʰawa*.

qʰawa*   [qʰawaw]   Verb. See under ! qʰaw. synonyms: qʰaw.

qʰawahcanno   [qʰawahcanno]   Place Name. Kawachánno.

qʰawala·li   [qʰawala·li]   Place Name. Gualala.

qʰawamʔ   [qʰawamʔ]   Noun. Douglas fir. Pseudotsuga Menziesii (Pine Family).

qʰawamʔ pʰiʔkʼo   [qʰawamʔ pʰíʔkʼo]  qʰawamʔ, pʰiʔkʼo. Noun. pinecone (any variety). compare: kʰunumʔ pʰiʔkʼo.

qʰawamʔ pʰiʔkʼo   [qʰawamʔ pʰíʔkʼo]  qʰawamʔ, pʰiʔkʼo. Noun. pinecone (any variety). compare: kʰunumʔ pʰiʔkʼo.

qʰawamʔša   [qʰawamʔša]   Noun. pine.

qʰawaʔla   [qʰawáʔla]  qʰa, waʔla*. Noun. great blue heron; crane.

qʰawaʔni   [qʰawáʔni]  ʔahqʰa, waʔni*. Noun. prying stick for abalone.

qʰawaʔni qʰale   [qʰawáʔni qʰale]  Lit: digging stick tree . Noun. yew tree. Taxus brevifolia (Yew Family). synonyms: caha qʰale, ʔihqʰoʔ qʰale.

qʰawaʔsu   [qʰawáʔsu]  ʔahqʰa, waʔsu*. Noun. species of rockfish.

qʰawá·tad*   [-]  qʰa·*1.

qʰawa·su   [qʰawa·su]   Noun. mythical creature ?

qʰawina   [qʰawina]   Noun. turtle.

qʰawina hiʔqaṭa   [qʰawiná hiʔqaṭa]  hiʔqʼaṭa, qʰawina, hiʔqʼaṭa. Noun. turtle shell.

qʰawina hiʔqaṭa   [qʰawiná hiʔqaṭa]  hiʔqʼaṭa, qʰawina, hiʔqʼaṭa. Noun. turtle shell.

qʰawoṭo   [qʰawóṭo]  ʔahqʰa, woṭo, ʔahqʰa woṭo. 1 • Adjective. roiled, muddy (of water).

2 • Noun. roiled water, muddy water.

qʰay*1   [-]   Cooccurrence: Only with -â·d-. Instr Verb Root. gather, pick several.

duqʰayad*   [duqʰayá·du]  du-, qʰay*1. Variant: duqʰayacʼ*. Verb. gather by picking up (food, firewood). ʔahá· duqʰayá·du to gather wood. ʔahá· duqʰayacʼmeʔ gather some wood! duqʰayá·du mul ʔahay ʔ pick up sticks! duqʰayácʼmeʔ pick up sticks (to several)! compare: duku·ṭ*, duqʰa·*1.

qʰay*2   [-]   Instr Verb Root. put the point of a long object repeatedly against something. synonyms: qʰacʼ*.

šaqʰay*   [-]  ša-, qʰay*2. Verb. repeatedly poke with long object. waʔalí šaqʰaya·du to go along repeatedly putting the point of a cane on (the floor). šaqʰayá·du to go along intermittently repeatedly putting a long object (cane) down point first against (the floor). šaqʰayí·cʼi use the cane. synonyms: šaqʰacʼ*.

qʰaya·m*   [qʰayamʔ]   Verb. several run individually. pʰalá qʰayammeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qʰayámmacʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative, Directional "inside". qʰayahwimacʰmeʔ D: Plural Imperative, Directional "in". qʰayahmalaw D: Directional "down". qʰayáhwimʔ bunch to run across. compare: hayohwim*1.

qʰaya·mqa*   [qʰaya·mqaw]  qʰaya·m*. Verb. drive (car).

yuʔdul qʰayamʔ   [yuʔdúl qʰayamʔ]  Lit: runs itself qʰaya·m*. Noun. automobile.

yuʔdul qʰayamʔ ʔoho   [yúʔdul qʰayamʔ ʔoho]  yuʔdul qʰayamʔ, ʔoho. Noun. automobile lights. Usage: old-fashioned synonyms: ma·kina ʔoho.

qʰaya·mqa*   [qʰaya·mqaw]  qʰaya·m*. Verb. drive (car).

qʰayhcʰi   [qʰáyhcʰi]  ʔahqʰa. Noun. pelican.

qʰayu·   [qʰayu·]  ʔahqʰa, yu·*. Noun. cormorant, shag.

qʰaʔ   [qʰaʔ]   Adjective. thin, watery.

qʰaʔa   [qʰaʔa]  qʰaʔa*. Adverb. overnight.

qʰaʔa manam*   [qʰaʔa manamʔ]  qʰaʔa, mana·*. Verb. visit. ʔa·tʰeto qʰaʔa mánamʔ I'm going to visit my mother. mihṭʰel to qʰaʔa mánamʔ da·nati šahku ʔe· to pišudu I would like to visit your mother by my leg is bad.

qʰaʔa manam*   [qʰaʔa manamʔ]  qʰaʔa, mana·*. Verb. visit. ʔa·tʰeto qʰaʔa mánamʔ I'm going to visit my mother. mihṭʰel to qʰaʔa mánamʔ da·nati šahku ʔe· to pišudu I would like to visit your mother by my leg is bad.

qʰaʔa*   [qʰaʔaw]  Lit: Standing, I spent all night. Verb. become morning, spend the night. qʰaʔa be daylight! Turn morning! qʰaʔawá·du D: Durative. qʰaʔaw to become morning; to spend the night. qʰaʔameʔ turn morning (pl.)! qʰaʔa síde·du sailing all night. qʰaʔátʰmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qʰaʔawayʔ to stay over night. mi· qʰaʔa spend the night there! tʼetʰman qʰaʔaméla I stood all night. mi· qʰáʔati ʔe· mu cohto·yam he went there to stay all night. compare: qʰaʔadid*.

qʰaʔa   [qʰaʔa]  qʰaʔa*. Adverb. overnight.

qʰaʔa manam*   [qʰaʔa manamʔ]  qʰaʔa, mana·*. Verb. visit. ʔa·tʰeto qʰaʔa mánamʔ I'm going to visit my mother. mihṭʰel to qʰaʔa mánamʔ da·nati šahku ʔe· to pišudu I would like to visit your mother by my leg is bad.

qʰaʔaw   [qʰaʔáw]  qʰaʔa*. Noun. 1 • daylight. qʰaʔawʔ it’s daylight.

2 • night (counting, as in "several nights") [?]

qʰaʔa· qʰa·mosʼ   [qʰaʔá· qʰa·mosʼ]  qʰaʔaw, qʰa·mosʼ. Noun. morning star. qʰaʔawé· mu D: Absolutive. compare: duweʔli qʰa·mosʼ.

qʰaʔadid*   [qʰaʔadí·du]   Verb. dream. qʰaʔadí·du to dream (ordinary). ʔama· qʰaʔádi·du to have a dream of significance. qʰaʔadí·du to ʔ let me dream! qʰaʔadí·tadu to ʔ let me have different dreams! ʔama(·)₁ píšudu₂ qʰaʔadi·du₃ (I) dreamed of bad things; I am dreaming bad things. kumíʔdacʼ e· mu·kinʔ qʰaʔadínʔqacʼe·du always he keeps on dreaming. qʰaʔadí·de· mayál did you (pl.) dream ? qʰaʔadi·de· to mu·kito I dreamed about him. qʰaʔadinʔqacʼ e· to mu·kinʔ he dreamed about me. yuʔdúl qʰaʔadi·de· to I dreamed about myself. to· šulamʔ qʰaʔádi·de· to I dreamed I was sick. mu·kito šulamʔ qʰaʔádi·de· to I dreamed he was sick. (note case). compare: qʰaʔa*.

qʰaʔaduc*   [qʰaʔaduc]  qʰaʔawa·duc*.

qʰaʔaw   [qʰaʔáw]  qʰaʔa*. Noun. 1 • daylight. qʰaʔawʔ it’s daylight.

2 • night (counting, as in "several nights") [?]

qʰaʔa· qʰa·mosʼ   [qʰaʔá· qʰa·mosʼ]  qʰaʔaw, qʰa·mosʼ. Noun. morning star. qʰaʔawé· mu D: Absolutive. compare: duweʔli qʰa·mosʼ.

qʰaʔawa·duc*   [qʰaʔawa·duʔ]  . Variant: qʰaʔaduc*. Verb. morning arrive.

qʰaʔay   [qʰaʔay]   Variant: qʰacʼay. Noun. 1 • raven. compare: ʔa·la.

2 • crow.

qʰaʔa·sili   [qʰaʔa·sili]  Lit: crow bottom qʰaʔay, sili. Noun. stinkbug (black, size of fingernail).

qʰaʔaylolo   [qʰaʔaylolo]  Lit: crow pipe? Noun. man-eating giant.

qʰaʔa· qʰa·mosʼ   [qʰaʔá· qʰa·mosʼ]  qʰaʔaw, qʰa·mosʼ. Noun. morning star. qʰaʔawé· mu D: Absolutive. compare: duweʔli qʰa·mosʼ.

qʰaʔa·sili   [qʰaʔa·sili]  Lit: crow bottom qʰaʔay, sili. Noun. stinkbug (black, size of fingernail).

qʰaʔbat   [qʰaʔbáʔ]   Noun. onion, wild onion. Allium dichlamydeum (Amaryllis Family).

qʰaʔbe   [qʰaʔbe]   Noun. 1 • rock, stone. ṭʰoʔo mútʼatʰqa·li qʰaʔbe rocks with which acorn mush is cooked.

2 • iron, metal, mineral, something hard (in certain constructions).

3 • coin. Usage: obsolete synonyms: pe·su, cawikʰ. Usages note: only for "coin".

hoʔtʼo qʰaʔbe   [hoʔtʼo qʰáʔbe]  Lit: brain rock qʰaʔbe. Noun. skull.

hoʔtʼo qʰaʔbe catʼow   [hoʔtʼo qʰáʔbe catʼow]  Lit: to peel the skull qʰaʔbe. Verb. scalp.

hoʔtʼo qʰaʔbe dicʼow   [hoʔtʼo qʰáʔbe dicʼow]  Lit: expose the skull qʰaʔbe. Verb. clip hair close to the scalp.

huʔu· qʰaʔbe   [huʔú· qʰaʔbe]  Lit: eye rock qʰaʔbe. Noun. eyeball.

pʰusʼi qʰaʔbe   [pʰusʼi qʰáʔbe]  Lit: dead person stone pʰusʼi, qʰaʔbe. Noun. tombstone. compare: cacʼihya·.

qaliqʰaʔbe   [qaliqʰáʔbe]  Lit: clear rock, above rock; rock above; clear rock qali1, qʰaʔbe. Noun. sky.

qʰaʔbe dimaw   [qʰaʔbe dímaw]  Lit: to hold the rock qʰaʔbe, dima*1. Verb. keep the vocal rhythm in Kashaya music.

qʰaʔbe kʼis   [qʰaʔbe kʼis]  Lit: red rock qʰaʔbe, kʼis. Noun. magnesite, colloquially known in English as "Indian gold".

qʰaʔbe qoci   [qʰaʔbe qóci]  Lit: rock moss qʰaʔbe, qoci. Noun. rock moss.

qʰaʔbe qʰana   [qʰaʔbe qʰána]  qʰaʔbe, qʰana. Noun. rock foundation for use under a mortar basket.

qʰaʔbe qʼolo·   [qʰaʔbe qʼólo·]  qʰaʔbe, qʼolo·1. Noun. mortar, rock bowl for pounding acorns and cooking mush.

qʰaʔbe sʼiṭisʼiṭiw   [qʰaʔbe sʼíṭisʼiṭiw]  Lit: sparkling rock qʰaʔbe, sʼiṭisʼiṭi*. Noun. diamond. ʔaní·yu sʼíṭisʼiṭiw diamond ring.

qʰaʔbe šeʔeʔ   [qʰaʔbe šéʔeʔ]  Lit: rock vessel qʰaʔbe. Noun. kettle, pot, pan.

qʰaʔbe šoʔloʔlo   [qʰaʔbe šoʔloʔlo]  qʰaʔbe, šoʔloʔlo. Variant: qʰaʔbe šološolo; qʰaʔbe šoloʔlo. Noun. 1 • mortar stone.

2 • a round rock used as a weapon or a hammer to crack acorns, crush bones, pound abalone. compare: biʔdu.

qʰaʔbe ʔimo   [qʰaʔbe ʔimo]  qʰaʔbe, ʔimo. Variant: qʰaʔbemo. Noun. cave.

qʰbe*   [qʰbe]  qʰaʔbe. Noun. rock. lu·caqʰbe pipe.

qʼoqʰaʔbel   [qʼoqʰáʔbel]  Lit: mussel-rock-place noʔqʼo, qʰaʔbe, -el. Noun. rocks on which mussels and barnacles grow.

si·lun qʰaʔbe   [si·lún qʰaʔbe]  qʰaʔbe. Noun. flat rocks for baking acorn bread on.

sʼuhkul qʰaʔbe   [sʼuhkúl qʰaʔbe]  Lit: heart rock qʰaʔbe. Noun. the big central heat-storing rock in an earth oven.

ʔihyu· qʰaʔbe so·   [ʔihyu· qʰáʔbe so·]  Lit: ice rock-particles ʔihyu·, qʰaʔbe, ʔiso·. Variant: ʔihyu qʰaʔbe so·. Noun. hail.

qʰaʔbe dimaw   [qʰaʔbe dímaw]  Lit: to hold the rock qʰaʔbe, dima*1. Verb. keep the vocal rhythm in Kashaya music.

qʰaʔbe kʼis   [qʰaʔbe kʼis]  Lit: red rock qʰaʔbe, kʼis. Noun. magnesite, colloquially known in English as "Indian gold".

qʰaʔbe pʰaṭʰa·li   [qʰaʔbe pʰaṭʰa·li]  . Noun. rock-crusher: rock used for crushing (acorns), or something used for crushing rocks.

qʰaʔbe qoci   [qʰaʔbe qóci]  Lit: rock moss qʰaʔbe, qoci. Noun. rock moss.

qʰaʔbe qʰana   [qʰaʔbe qʰána]  qʰaʔbe, qʰana. Noun. rock foundation for use under a mortar basket.

qʰaʔbe qʼolo·   [qʰaʔbe qʼólo·]  qʰaʔbe, qʼolo·1. Noun. mortar, rock bowl for pounding acorns and cooking mush.

qʰaʔbe sihla wina·   [qʰaʔbe sihla wina·]  . Place Name. Flattop Rock.

qʰaʔbe sʼiṭisʼiṭiw   [qʰaʔbe sʼíṭisʼiṭiw]  Lit: sparkling rock qʰaʔbe, sʼiṭisʼiṭi*. Noun. diamond. ʔaní·yu sʼíṭisʼiṭiw diamond ring.

qʰaʔbe šeʔeʔ   [qʰaʔbe šéʔeʔ]  Lit: rock vessel qʰaʔbe. Noun. kettle, pot, pan.

qʰaʔbe šološolo   [qʰaʔbe šološolo]  qʰaʔbe šoʔloʔlo.

qʰaʔbe šoloʔlo   [qʰaʔbe šóloʔlo]  qʰaʔbe šoʔloʔlo.

qʰaʔbe šoʔloʔlo   [qʰaʔbe šoʔloʔlo]  qʰaʔbe, šoʔloʔlo. Variant: qʰaʔbe šološolo; qʰaʔbe šoloʔlo. Noun. 1 • mortar stone.

2 • a round rock used as a weapon or a hammer to crack acorns, crush bones, pound abalone. compare: biʔdu.

qʰaʔbe tʼolo·lo ʔelli   [qʰaʔbe tʼólo·lo ʔelli]  Lit: where the dimpled rocks are (or dimpled rock is) qʰaʔbe, tʼolo·lo. Place Name. Dimpled Rocks: an unknown location.

qʰaʔbe ṭʼahṭʰaʔ   [qʰaʔbe ṭʼáhṭʰaʔ]  ṭʼahṭʰaṭ*. Noun. gravel found on mountains not near water.

qʰaʔbe ʔaca·c   [qʰaʔbe ʔácaʔ]  qʰaʔbe, ʔaca·c. Noun. Rock Man.

qʰaʔbe ʔimo   [qʰaʔbe ʔimo]  qʰaʔbe, ʔimo. Variant: qʰaʔbemo. Noun. cave.

qʰaʔbemo   [qʰaʔbemó]  qʰaʔbe ʔimo.

qʰaʔbeqʰac   [qʰaʔbeqʰáʔ]  qʰaʔbe, qʰac*1. Noun. sharp-shinned hawk. Accipiter striatus.

qʰaʔbesiṭʼamʔṭʼa   [qʰaʔbesíṭʼamʔṭʼa]   Noun. rockfish.

qʰaʔcʼa   [qʰaʔcʼa]   Adjective. rancid, taste of mildew or rancid butter. qʰaʔcʼa bíʔtamʔ to taste after refurfitating, etc.

qʰaʔcʼi   [qʰaʔcʼi]   Adjective. failing, dying, thin, waning. heʔe qʰaʔcʼi scattered hair, thinning hair. qʰale qʰaʔcʼi dying tree, tree with few limbs. maʔa qʰáʔcʼi @ [meager food?] ciʔdómʔ miʔkʰe qʰaʔcʼi cicʼqʰ your flowers are failing.

qʰaʔdi*   [qʰaʔdiw]  Lit: coming for a mortar Variant: qʰadit*. Verb. fetch (person or thing); go after something. qʰade·cʼícʰmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qʰadedú·tʰuʔ D: Negative. qʰade·cʼí·tʰumeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qʰadala·méʔ to call down, fetch from down; go get, go down after (something). qʰadala·mecʼi go get it! go down after it! qʰadala·mécʼmeʔ go get it! go down after it! (to several). qʰadala·méʔtʰuʔ D: Directional "down", Negative. qʰadala·mécʼwacʼmeʔ D: Directional "down", Plural Imperative. qʰadala·mecʼí·yicʼmeʔ go down, fetch. qʰaʔdi mul ʔ go for that ! qʰaʔdimá·qo come in and get! qʰaʔdimáhtʰuʔ don't come in and get! qʰaʔdimáhmeʔ don't come in and get! (to several). qʰaʔdi go after! qʰaʔditʰúʔ don't go after! qʰaʔdicí·du D: Durative. qʰaʔdiméʔ go after! (to several). qʰaʔditʰúmeʔ don't go after! (to several). qʰaʔdiyicʼmeʔ qʰaʔdiyí·cʼiyicmeʔ compare: qa·yi*, bayaʔta*.

qʰadaloqocʼ*   [qʰadalo·qoʔ]  qʰaʔdi*, -aloqocʼ. Verb. call, summon someone out here.

qʰade·d*   [qʰade·du]  qʰaʔdi*, -ad2. Variant: qʰade·cʼ*. Verb. come after, go get or fetch. ʔahša qʰade·dela I have come for fish. qʰadedu·ci go afar for it! qʰdedú·tʰuʔ D: Negative. qʰáde·cʼicʰmeʔ D: Plural. qʰade·cʼí·tʰumeʔ D: Plural Negative.

qʰadi·cʼ*   [qʰadiʔ]  qʰaʔdi*. Variant: qʰaditicʼ*. Verb. call someone over, summon. qʰadi·cʼi call him over! qʰadicʼméʔ call him over! (to several). qʰadiʔtʰúʔ don't call him over! qʰadimá·qocʼi call him in here! qʰadicʼi·du qʰadicʼi·duce·du qʰadicʼwácʼmeʔ qʰadic'wacʼí·yicʼmeʔ

qʰaʔdimaqocʼ*   [qʰaʔdima·qoʔ]  qʰaʔdi*, -maqocʼ. Verb. call in hither. qʰʔdimá·qocʼi·yicʼacʼmeʔ D: Habitual? Plural. qʰaʔdimá·qocʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qʰaʔdimá·qocʼi·yicmeʔ qʰaʔdimá·qocʼi call in hither! qʰaʔdimá·qocʼwacʼmeʔ D: Durative Plural.

qʰaʔdiyicʼ*   [qʰaʔdiyiʔ]  qʰaʔdi*. Verb. call (to a place), summon. qʰaʔdiyí·cʼi call him! summon him!

qʰaʔdihqa*   [qʰaʔdihqaw]  . Verb. send someone to fetch.

qʰaʔdimaqocʼ*   [qʰaʔdima·qoʔ]  qʰaʔdi*, -maqocʼ. Verb. call in hither. qʰʔdimá·qocʼi·yicʼacʼmeʔ D: Habitual? Plural. qʰaʔdimá·qocʼmeʔ D: Plural Imperative. qʰaʔdimá·qocʼi·yicmeʔ qʰaʔdimá·qocʼi call in hither! qʰaʔdimá·qocʼwacʼmeʔ D: Durative Plural.

qʰaʔdiyicʼ*   [qʰaʔdiyiʔ]  qʰaʔdi*. Verb. call (to a place), summon. qʰaʔdiyí·cʼi call him! summon him!

qʰaʔdus   [qʰaʔdús]   Noun. raccoon. qʰaʔdus é· mu it's a raccoon.

qʰaʔdus hiba· koʔyi   [qʰaʔdús hiba· koʔyi]  qʰaʔdus, qʰaʔdus. Noun. ring-tailed cat or civet.

qʰaʔdus hiba· koʔyi   [qʰaʔdús hiba· koʔyi]  qʰaʔdus, qʰaʔdus. Noun. ring-tailed cat or civet.

ʔamayowʔbakʰe qʰaʔdus   [ʔamayowʔbakʰe qʰaʔdus]  qʰaʔdus, qʰaʔdus. Noun. badger.

ʔamayowʔbakʰe qʰaʔdus   [ʔamayowʔbakʰe qʰaʔdus]  qʰaʔdus, qʰaʔdus. Noun. badger.

qʰaʔdus hiba· koʔyi   [qʰaʔdús hiba· koʔyi]  qʰaʔdus, qʰaʔdus. Noun. ring-tailed cat or civet.

qʰaʔima·ta   [qʰaʔíma·ta]  Lit: water woman ʔahqʰa, ʔima·ta. Noun. mermaid.

qʰaʔṭo   [qʰaʔṭo´]   1 • Adjective. slick.

2 • Adjective. bald-headed.

3 • Noun. lake, pond.

qʰa qʰaʔṭo   [qʰaqʰáʔṭo]  Lit: water pond ʔahqʰa, qʰaʔṭo. Noun. pond.

qʰaʔṭʼa   [qʰaʔṭʼa]  qʰa·ṭʼa.

qʰaʔṭʼa mahna   [qʰaʔṭʼa mahna]  qʰa·ṭʼa, mahna. Noun. white outside of sea eggs.

qʰaʔwat   [qʰaʔwáʔ]   Noun. mole (animal).

qʰaʔwaʔ ʔime   [qʰaʔwáʔ ʔime]  qʰaʔwat, ʔime. Noun. velvet, mole skin.

qʰaʔwaʔ ʔime   [qʰaʔwáʔ ʔime]  qʰaʔwat, ʔime. Noun. velvet, mole skin.

qʰa·*1   [-]   Variant: qʰawá·tad*. Instr Verb Root. detach, break off, pick off. synonyms: hkʰel*, hkʰe*2, hqʰa*3, qʰal*1, qʰa·m*, hqʰaṭ*1, qʰaqʰaṭ*, hqʰaṭ*2, qʰam*3, hqʰayʔ*1; compare: qʰac*3.

biqʰa·*   [biqʰáw]  bi-, qʰa·*1. Verb. embrace with both arms and break off.

caqʰa·*1   [caqʰaw]  ca-, qʰa·*1. Variant: caqʰam*. Verb. cut with a knife (not necessarily off). cuhni· caqʰa slice the bread! bihše caqʰa ʔkʰe slice meat for me! kʰe bihše caqʰa slice meat for me! caqʰa cut with knife! caqʰaci·duwá·du habitually cut with knife. caqʰa·tʰuʔ don't cut with knife! caqʰa·cíʔtʰuʔ don't keep cutting with knife! caqʰama cut several with knife! caqʰamací·du keep cutting several with knife! caqʰamáʔtʰuʔ @ don't cut several with knife! caqʰámtʰuʔ @ don't cut several with knife! caqʰámmuʔ cut off a piece of linoleum. kulimaṭʼel ṭʼi cáqʰammuyʔ cut the rope all to pieces. kulimaṭʼel ṭʼi cáqʰamy cut all the ropes. caqʰa múl ya·palka ʔ cut that apple with knife!

caqʰa·cʼ*   [caqʰaʔ]  caqʰa·*1. Verb. cut something off self. cihtoʔ heʔe cáqʰaʔ the bereaved cuts hair off himself. caqʰa·cʼi cut (hair) off yourself! caqʰamácʼmeʔ cut (hair) off yourself (to several)!

ciqʰa·*   [ciqʰaw]  cʰi-, qʰa·*1. Verb. 1 • cut off with an instrument with a handle; something hanging to break off. naṭa qáwi yaʔ banaʔ ciqʰahqay the small child swinging made (the swing) break. cihqʰa break (a swing)!

2 • Idiom: to survey, lay out a piece of land by surveying. ciqʰa lay out an acre! ciqʰámmuʔ lay out.

ciqʰaw*   [ciqʰaw]  ciqʰa·*. Noun. land that has been surveyed, lot, acre. kucíqʰaw one acre, one lot. qʰocíqʰaw two acres. ʔama cíqʰaw acre, lot.

ʔama ciqʰamʔ yaʔ   [ʔama cíqʰamʔ yaʔ]  Lit: one who cuts land into pieces ʔama·1, ciqʰa·*, =yac. Variant: ʔama cíqʰamʔ yacʰma. Noun. surveyor.

cuqʰa·*   [cuqʰaw´]  cu-, qʰa·*1. Verb. break off something by pushing with large round object (the shoulder, or head, or with a car).

daqʰa·*1   [daqʰaw]  da-, qʰa·*1. Verb. break (a string) by pushing with the palm.

diqʰa·*   [diqʰaw]  di-, qʰa·*1. Verb. break under the pull of gravity. mihsacʼine· mu diqʰá·yam it broke off because it's heavy. mihsacʼine· mu diqʰámqam they broke off because they're heavy. diqʰa break off! diqʰama several break off! (at once or separately). diqʰa·ti about to break. ʔama· diqʰaw land break off (in rainstorm).

ʔama diqʰaw   [ʔama díqʰaw]  ʔama·1, diqʰa·*. Variant: ʔama· diqʰaw. Noun. landslide.

duqʰa·*1   [duqʰaw]  du-, qʰa·*1. Verb. pick off (one or many) with the fingers. ṭʼíʔbahqa· haʔal duqʰa pick those blackberries! ya·pálka duqʰa pick some apples! duqʰayaʔ pick lots one at a time. duqʰa pick one. duqʰa·tʰuʔ don't pick one. duqʰaci·du(wá·du) keep picking. duqʰa·ciʔtʰuʔ don't keep picking. duqʰayá·du pick several. duqʰayáʔtʰuʔ don't pick several. téʔ duqʰayʔ give it to me, I'll pick it. compare: duku·ṭ*, duqʰayad*.

haqʰa·*1   [haqʰaw]  ha-, qʰa·*1. Verb. break by pressing leg against.

hiqʰa·*1   [hiqʰaw]  hi-, qʰa·*1. Verb. break off of itself. šuciʔ hiqʰáw iqa· miʔkʰe your shoelace has broken. šuciʔ mu hiqʰaw iqʰ your shoelace is broken. hiqʰa break!

cahno hiqʰaw   [cahno híqʰaw]  cahno1, hiqʰa·*1. Adjective. broken-hearted.

maqʰa·*   [maqʰaw]  ma-2, qʰa·*1. Verb. break off by stepping on (a dry stick); break by pushing with foot.

miqʰa·*   [miqʰaw]  mi-2, qʰa·*1. Verb. kick and break off.

muqʰa·*   [muqʰaw]  mu-, qʰa·*1. Verb. (stick) burn into two (or more) pieces. qʰale múhqʰahqaw to bring down a tree burning around its base. ʔoho wi muqʰaw burnt off (end of log). muqʰaʔ incompletely burned.

paqʰa·*   [paqʰaw]  pʰa-, qʰa·*1. Verb. poke with a long object and break off.

piqʰa·*1   [piqʰaw]  pʰi-, qʰa·*1. Verb. chop off using axe, side of a long object. mihya píqʰa chop off the neck (the head)! mihya píqʰama chop off the heads!

puqʰa·*   [puqʰaw]  pʰu-, qʰa·*1. Verb. wind to blow off (a power line, a tree branch).

qaqʰa·*   [qaqʰaw]  qa-, qʰa·*1. Verb. detach with teeth, bite off (a grape); cut with scissors. qaqʰahqaw to cause to bite off, to cut several with scissors. qaqʰamqaw to cut with scissors.

qaqʰahqa*   [qaqʰahqaw]  qaqʰa·*. Verb. cut with scissors. compare: no·šihca.

qʰam*2   [-]  qʰa·*1, -m1. Instr Verb Root. detach, break off, pick off¡plu.

pʰuqʰam*   [pʰuqʰamʔ]  pʰu-, qʰam*2. Verb. blow off. synonyms: pʰocʼo·m*.

qʰa·*3   [qʰaw]  Ø-, qʰa·*1. Verb. detach, pull off, strip. šihpʰa qʰaw to pull off several leaves in one movement. qʰa detach! pʰala qʰá detach again! qʰa·tʰuʔ don't detach! qʰa·cíʔtʰuʔ scrape down a branch stripping it. qʰawá·tadu @ detach several! synonyms: qʼaw1, qʼaṭʰ, qʼawa*.

qʰam*3   [-]  qʰa·*3. Instr Verb Root. detach several. synonyms: hkʰel*, hkʰe*2, hqʰa*3, qʰal*1, qʰa·m*, hqʰaṭ*1, qʰaqʰaṭ*, hqʰaṭ*2, qʰa·*1, hqʰayʔ*1.

siqʰa·*1   [siqʰaw]  si-, qʰa·*1. Verb. 1 • rain to knock off (e.g., nuts, blossoms or leaves from a tree).

2 • cut with something really sharp.

siqʰahqa*   [siqʰahqaw]  siqʰa·*1. Verb. cut off with something very sharp (a razor).

šuqʰa·*   [šuqʰaw]  šu-, qʰa·*1. Verb. break (a string) by pulling in one direction; saw off. šuqʰa·muʔ to break (a string) by pulling in both directions (with two hands). šuqʰamʔ to saw off several; to saw back and forth to cut off. má·kina šuqʰamqaw to cut several with a power saw. šuqʰa·tʰuʔ don't break by pulling! šuqʰama @ break by sawing or pulling several! šuqʰámeʔ break by pulling (to several)! šuqʰamá·duwa·du habitually break by pulling or sawing.

ʔaha· šuqʰamʔli   [ʔahá· šuqʰamʔli]  ʔahay, šuqʰa·*, =wi. Noun. saw (tool). synonyms: seru·cu.

qʰa·*2   [-]   Instr Verb Root. get cut, cut (not necessarily off). compare: qʰam*1.

caqʰa·*2   [caqʰaw]  ca-, qʰa·*2. Verb. (fall and) get cut in the rump.

daqʰa·*2   [daqʰaw]