|(1)||a.||Agent:||The lions devoured the wildebeest.|
|b.||The boys caught some fish.|
|c.||My mother wrote me a letter.|
|(2)||a.||Instrument:||This key opens the door to the main office.|
|b.||They must have used indelible ink.|
|(3)||a.||Cause:||Hurricane-force winds demolished much of the town.|
|b.||An epidemic killed off all of the tomatoes.|
|c.||An economic downturn put thousands of workers out of work.|
Experiencers are arguments that undergo a sensory, cognitive, or emotional experience.
|(4)||a.||Experiencer:||The rhesus monkey had never seen snow before.|
|b.||Many people fear snakes.|
|c.||Their resourcefulness struck her as admirable.|
Recipients are arguments that receive something (whether good or bad) in a situation.
|(5)||a.||Recipient:||They gave the workers a raise.|
|b.||He spared me his usual sob story.|
|c.||I paid my landlord the rent.|
Recipients can be the endpoints of paths.
|(6)||a.||Path:||I'd like to send this package to my sister.
(my sister = recipient)
|b.||Lucky raced across the lawn to the edge of the forest.|
|c.||We drove the scenic route.|
Locations are simply places; like recipients, they can serve as endpoints of paths. (Chapter 7 contains some discussion concerning the difference between recipients and locations).
|(7)||a.||Location:||We put the book on the shelf.|
|b.||I'd like to send this package to France.
(to + France = path)
|c.||Lucky raced across the lawn to the edge of the forest.
(to + the edge of the forest = path)
Measure or amount arguments express extension along some dimension (length, duration, cost, and so on).
|(8)||a.||Measure:||They rowed for three days.|
|b.||The book costs ten dollars.|
Finally, the thematic role of theme is something of a catch-all. According to one definition, 'theme' refers to an argument undergoing motion of some sort, including motion in a metaphorical sense, such as a change of state. As is usual in the syntactic literature, we will also use the term for arguments that are most 'affected' in a situation or for the content of an experience.
|(9)||a.||Theme:||The lions devoured the wildebeest.|
|b.||This key opens the door to the main office.|
|c.||Hurricane-force winds demolished much of the town.|
|d.||They gave the workers a raise.|
|e.||I'd like to send this package to France.|
|f.||Many people fear snakes.|