Philological information for the historical French corpus

The wordcounts exclude punctuation, IDs, and the like.

Date Genre Wordcount Author Filename Edition Notes
c980 vers assonant (Linskill 1937:146) 1,443   0980-leger-v-penn Linskill, Joseph, ed. 1937. Saint Léger. Étude de la langue du manuscrit de Clermont-Ferrand, suivie d'une édition critique du texte avec commentaire et glossaire. Paris: Droz.  
middle of 1000s vers assonant (by inspection) 4,996   10xx-alexis-v-penn Storey, Christopher, ed. 1968. La vie de Saint Alexis. Geneva: Droz.  
c1100 vers assonant (by inspection) 29,818   1100-roland-v Moignet, Gérard, ed. 1972 (3rd revised and corrected edition). La chanson de Roland. Paris: Bordas. Oxford ms., written in Anglo-Norman in the second quarter of the 12th century. The text it is based on is thought to be dated to the end of 11th century, after 1086.
1106-1121 (ARTFL) rhyme 11,018 Benedeit 1120-brendan-r Short, Ian and Brian Merrilees, eds. 1979. The Anglo-Norman voyage of St Brendan. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Octosyllabic rhyming couplets (Merrilees 1979:8).

Meyer 1906:341 dates the work to "probablement peu après 1121, date du mariage de cette reine" (Aélis, wife of Henry I of England).

Meyer, Paul. 1906. Légendes hagiographiques en français. Histoire littéraire de la France. Vol. 33. 328-458. Paris: Imprimerie nationale.

1150 (C. Marchello-Nizia), 1170 (Anne de Kok), 1175 (ARTFL) prose 44,199 Anonymous 1150-quatreLivre-p-penn Curtius, Ernst Robert, ed. 1911. Li quatre livre des reis. Gesellschaft für romanische Literatur, no. 9. Dresden, Halle: Max Niemeyer. Electronic edition prepared by Christiane Marchello-Nizia.

Anglo-Norman.

1160-1170 (ARTFL) rhyme 33,489 Marie de France 116x-marie-de-france-r Rychner, Jean, ed. 1973. Les lais de Marie de France. Paris: Champion. Based mainly on a ms. created by the mid-13th century in England, British Museum, Harley 978, fol. 139-181 of the present edition.
c1170, 1177-1180 (ARTFL) rhyme 42,423 Chrétien de Troyes 1170-yvain-r Roques, Mario, ed. 1960. Les romans de Chrétien de Troyes, édités d'après la copie de Guiot (Bibl. nat. fr. 794). Paris: Champion. Bibl. nat. fr. 794.
c1190 rhyme 20,789 Boron, Robert de 1190-boron-r-penn Nitze, William A., ed. 1927. Le roman de l'estoire dou Graal. Paris: Honoré Champion.  
after 1205 prose 34,560 Clari, Robert de 1205-clari-p Lauer, Philippe, ed. 1924. La conquête de Constantinople. Paris: Champion.  
c1210 (Cerquiglini 1981:10) prose 17,439 Boron, Robert de 1210-boron-p-penn Cerquiglini, Bernard, ed. 1981. Le roman du Graal: manuscrit de Modè - Pseudo-Robert de Boron. Paris: Union Générale d'Édition. Texte établi et présenté par Bernard Cerquiglini. Edition based on ms. E.39, Biblioteca Estense de Modena.
c1212 (Fisher 1917:3) rhyme 9,946 Beauvais, Pierre de. 1212-eustace-fisher-r-penn Fisher, John Roberts, ed. 1917. La vie de Saint Eustache par Pierre Beauvais. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University. Based on Paris, Bibl. nat., fr 13502, fol. 76 and London, B.M. Egerton 745, fol. 1, dated to beginning of 1200s (Meyer 1906:348). The date of composition is given as "somewhere near 1212 and not later than 1217" (Fisher 1917:3). For more information about mss., see Introduction and Meyer 1906:348. The parsed text reflects the Errata on p. 69.

See also: Fisher, John Robert. 1917. La vie de saint Eustache par Pierre de Beauvais. The Romanic Review 8, 1-67. A review is available: Dyggve, H. Petersen, 1928. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 19, 111-119.

c1225 (ARTFL) prose 36,909 Anonymous 1225-queste-p Marchello-Nizia, Christiane, ed. Electronic edition.

Based on Pauphilet, Albert, ed. 1923. La Queste del Saint Graal. Paris: Champion.

Ms. Lyon, Bibliothèque municipale, Palais des arts 77 (dated 1200-1299) and ms. BNF, n.a.fr. 1119 (dated 1220-1320).
first half of 1200s (Taylor 1969:241) prose 4,690 Anonymous 122x-agnes-p-penn Taylor, Robert, ed. 1969. Sermon anonyme sur sainte Agnès, texte du XIIIe siècle. Travaux de linguistique et de littérature de l'Université de Strasbourg 7:241-253. ms. 5 du Musée Dobrée à Nantes, fol. 223-229 (Taylor 1969:241). Based on the third chapter of a Latin life of Agnes (Gesta sanctae Agnetis) and 3 Kings 1, 1-5. Independent of other translations of the Gesta into French (Taylor 1969:242).

For information about mss., see editions.

c122x prose, vers assonant 10,203   122x-aucassin-p, 122x-aucassin-v Roques, Mario, ed. 1936. Aucassin et Nicolette: Chantefable du XIIIe siècle. Paris: Champion. For ease of analysis, this file is split up into the parts that are prose and verse.
early to middle 1200's rhyme 11,884   122x-eustace-petersen-r-penn Petersen, Holger, ed. 1928. La vie de Saint Eustache. Poème français du XIIIe siècle. Paris: Honoré Champion. Based on Madrid, Bibl. nat. ms. 9446 (formerly F 149) and Paris, Bibl. Sainte-Genevieve ms. 792, fol. 111, dated to beginning of 1200s (Meyer 1906:348), or to middle of 1200s (ms. 9446) and second half of 1200s (ms. 792) (Petersen 1928:iii).

For more information about mss., see Introduction and Meyer 1906:348.

Meyer, Paul. 1906. Légendes hagiographiques en français. Histoire littéraire de la France. Vol. 33. 328-458. Paris: Imprimerie nationale.

c122x prose 26,577   122x-pseudoTurpin-p-mcvf, 122x-pseudoTurpin-p-penn Auracher, Theodor, ed. 1877. Der sogenannte poitevinische Pseudo-Turpin. Nach den Handschriften mitgetheilt. Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie 1:259-336. Translated from Latin c1200. Original translation lost, but recopied three times about 50 years later. (C. Meredith-Jones, The chronicle of Turpin in Saintonge. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2848398)

There is a printed edition 1527, not identical to the earlier manuscripts.

after 1250 prose 7,434   125x-eustace-murray-p-penn Murray, Jessie, ed. 1929. La vie de Saint Eustace. Version en prose française du XIIIe siècle. Paris: Honoré Champion. Based on B.N. fr. 2464, dated "dès le milieu du XIIIe siècle environ" (Meyer 1906:382).

For more information about mss., see Murray's introduction and Petersen 1932.

Our version reflects corrections according to Petersen 1932:32-34.

Meyer, Paul. 1906. Légendes hagiographiques en français. Histoire littéraire de la France. Vol. 33. 328-458. Paris: Imprimerie nationale.

Petersen, Holger Dyggve. 1932. Notes critiques sur la version en prose française de la Vie de saint Eustache et sur son modèle latin. (Édition de miss J. Murray.) Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 33:26-34.

1279 prose 27,945 Frère Laurent 1279-somme-royal-p-penn Tysor, Ann Brooks, ed. 1949. Somme des vices et des vertus. M.A. thesis, University of North Carolina. 1-85.

Tysor's edition comprises the first part of the Somme. The second part is published in Allen 1951 (bibliographic details below). Both editions are based on "British Museum - Royal 19cII (photostatic copy, no. 306 of MLA Rotograph collection, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.)" (Tysor 1949:viii; Allen 1951:v).

Allen, Edward Herbert, ed. 1951. Somme des vices et des vertus: Part II. M.A. thesis, University of North Carolina.

See also Brayer, Édith and Anne-Françoise Leurquin-Labie, eds. 2008. La Somme Le Roi par Frère Laurent. Paris: Société des anciens texts français. (Originally Brayer's 1940 Thèse d'École des chartes.)

An important variant ms. is British Museum, Cotton Cleopatra AV, Egerton, 945, Add., 24125, 28162 (Tysor 1949:viii), which served as the basis for the Ayenbite of Inwyt, a translation into Middle English.

c127x prose 52,350   127x-cassidorus-p-penn Palermo, Joseph, ed. 1964. Le roman de Cassidorus. Paris: Editions Picard.  
1309 prose 76,806 Joinville, Jean de 1309-joinville-p Wailly, Natalis de. 1868. Histoire de Saint Louis. Paris: Renouard. See also: Monfrin, J., ed. 1996. Mémoires ou vie de saint Louis. Paris: Garnier Flammarion.
133x prose 53,461   133x-perceforest-p-penn Taylor, Jane H.M., ed. 1979. Le roman de Perceforest. Première partie. Geneva: Droz. pp. 61-224
between 1369 and 1400 prose 221,129 Froissart, Jean 1373-froissart-p Diller, George T., ed. 1972. Chroniques. Dernière rédaction du premier livre. Geneva: Droz. Based on ms. de Rome Reg. lat. 869, dated c1405.
137x rhyme 53,287 Machaut, Guillaume de 137x-prise-r Mas Latrie, M. L. de, ed. 1877. La prise d'Alexandrie, ou Chronique du roi Pierre Ier de Lusignan. Société de l'Orient Latin. Geneva: Fick. See edition.
c1450 prose 34,926 Anonymous 1450-xv-joies-p Rychner, Jean, ed. 1963. Les XV joyes du mariage. Geneva: Droz. Based on Rouen, Bibl. munic. no 1052, dated 1464.

The text postdates 1382 since it makes reference to the Battle of Roosebeke. It is cited in the Cent nouvelles nouvelles and so must predate the latter work (Wiki).

between 1456 and 1467 prose 154,242 Anonymous 145x-cnna-p Sweetser, Franklin P., ed. 1966. Les cent nouvelles nouvelles. Texte littéraire français 127. Geneva: Droz. University of Glasgow, Glasgow ms.

Cites the Quinze joies du mariage and so must postdate that work.

1498 prose 44,626 Commynes, Philippe de 1498-commynes-p Calmette, Joseph, ed. 1964. Philippe de Commynes. Mémoires. Tome Ier (1464-1474). Deuxième tirage. Paris: Les Belles Lettres. See edition, p. 0.
1523 prose 34,784 D'Etaples, Jacques Lefèvre. 1523-new-testament-p-penn Le nouveau testament. Fac-simile de la première édition Simon de Colines, 1523. Reprinted 1970. Paris-La Haye: Editions Mouton & Co. Bodleian Library Pressmark 8o Z. 454 Th.

First translation of the New Testament into French based on the Vulgate version with help from Greek texts.

1527 prose 57,961 "Le loyal serviteur" 1527-bayart-p-penn Anonymous, ed. 1927. Histoire du Seigneur de Bayart, le chevalier sans paour et sans reprouche. Transcription de l'édition parisienne de 1527. Paris: Droz. pp. 7-149 (Prologue to Chapter 43 inclusive).
1573-1596 prose 30,028 Valois, Marguerite de 158x-valois-autograph-p Viennot. Eliane, ed. 1998. Marguerite de Valois. Correspondance 1569-1614. Paris: Champion. See edition.