Text name Vices and Virtues File name cmvices1-m1 Manuscript Stowe 34 (olim 240), British Library, London Date a1225 (c1200) Dialect East Midlands (M.L. Samuels, cited in Laing: Essex) Genre Religious treatise Edition Holthausen, Ferdinand. 1888. Vices and virtues. Part 1. EETS O.S. 89. London: Trübner. Sample Exhaustive Remarks
This is the only surviving manuscript of this text; the beginning is lost. It was written by three hands with corrections by at least three other hands.
According to Hall (p. 443), "a scribe of the northern border of the South-Eastern area has turned a composition in the dialect of the Middle or Western South into his own, with occasion retention of Southern forms. After a considerable interval his version was copied with little alteration by the three scribes of the Stowe manuscript." Because of this the language of the manuscript is older than the date of the copy. Hall considers the inclusion of occasional OE forms not to indicate an OE exemplar but rather a scribe versed in the older literature.
The parse is based on Holthausen's translation.
File name CMVICES1 Text identifier M1 IR RELT VICES1 Text name VICES AND V 1 Author X Period M1 Date of original 1150-1250 Date of manuscript 1150-1250 Contemporaneity CONTEMP Dialect EMO Verse or prose PROSE Text type REL TREAT Relationship to foreign original X Foreign original X Relationship to spoken language WRITTEN Sex of author X Age of author X Social rank of author X Audience description X Participant relationship X Interaction X Setting X Prototypical text category INSTR REL Sample SAMPLE X