LING521 - Spring 2017

1. Lexicon/Phonology/Phonetics

The first section of the course will deal with the problem of "allophonic variation" in segmental phonology and phonetics.

We will undertake a couple of joint exercises in classification and measurement, both to explore concepts and issues, and to learn techniques. A brief overview of the theoretical issues can be found in

Mark Liberman, "Towards Progress in Theories of Language Sound Structure", in Shaping Phonology (Festschrift for John Goldsmith, forthcoming)

Our first class exercise will look at realizations of the final consonant cluster in the word "don't" in versions of the calibration sentence "Don't ask me to carry an oily rag like that" in the TIMIT corpus, representing one sub-case of the phenomenon misleadingly called "t/d deletion".

We'll also look at allophonic variation in syllable-final /s/ in Spanish.

Some relevant background reading:

Sheila Blumstein and Kenneth N. Stevens, "Acoustic invariance in speech production: Evidence from measurements of the spectral characteristics of stop consonants." The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 66, no. 4 (1979): 1001-1017.

David Pisoni, "Variability of vowel formant frequencies and the quantal theory of speech: A first report." Phonetica 37, no. 5-6 (1980): 285-305

Mark Liberman and Janet Pierrehumbert. "Intonational invariance under changes in pitch range and length". In Language sound structure, ed. by Mark Aronoff and Richard Oerhle,  (1984): 157-233.

Jacqueline Vaissière, " Prediction of velum movement from phonological specifications." Phonetica 45, no. 2-4 (1988): 122-139.

Kenneth Stevens,  "On the quantal nature of speech." Journal of phonetics 17, no. 1 (1989): 3-45.

Joseph Perkell,  Melanie Matthies, Harlan Lane, Frank Guenther, Reiner Wilhelms-Tricarico, Jane Wozniak, and Peter Guiod. "Speech motor control: Acoustic goals, saturation effects, auditory feedback and internal models." Speech communication 22, no. 2-3 (1997): 227-250.

Kenneth Stevens and Samuel Jay Keyser. "Quantal theory, enhancement and overlap." Journal of Phonetics 38, no. 1 (2010): 10-19.

Jiahong Yuan and Mark Liberman. "Automatic measurement and comparison of vowel nasalization across languages."  ICPHS, 2011.

Neville Ryant and Mark Liberman, "Large-scale analysis of Spanish /s/-lenition using audiobooks", ICA 2016


2. Semantics/Syntax//Phonology/Prosody

The second segment of the course will look at a case where it's less clear what the lexicon/morphology/phonology side of the issue is.

This involves several topics, each of which has hundreds if not thousands of relevant publications, from a wide variety of perspectives. The links below are meant to lay out a range of relevant ideas that is explicitly not complete, representative, or endorsed.

Background reading:

Bolinger, Dwight L. "Intonation and analysis." Word 5, no. 3 (1949): 248-254.

Mark Liberman and Ivan Sag, "Prosodic Form and Discourse Function", 1974.

Mats Rooth, "A Theory of Focus Interpretation", Natural Language Semantics 1992

Katalin Kiss, "Identificational Focus versus Information Focus", Language 1998.

Kochanski, G., Grabe, E., Coleman, J. and Rosner, B , "Loudness predicts prominence; fundamental frequency lends little",  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2005.

Greg Kochanski and Christina Orphanidou, "What marks the beat of speech?", JASA 2008.

Pauline Welby, "Effects of Pitch Accent Position, Type, and Status on Focus Projection", Language and Speech 2003.

Vivek Sridhar et al., "Detecting Prominence in Conversational Speech: Pitch Accent, Givenness and Focus", 2008.

Mark Liberman, "Tone Without Pitch", ETAP 2015.

Manfred Krifka, "Association with Focus Phrases", chapter 1 in The Architecture of Focus, 2006

Roger Schwarzschild, "Given Foci", Penn Linguistics Speaker Series Handout 11/11/2016.

Daniel Büring, Intonation and Meaning, 2016 - chapters 1 & 2

Gjert Kristoffersen, "Dialect variation in East Norwegian tone", in Riad and Gussenhoven, Eds., Tones and Tunes, 2007

Gösta Bruce, "Components of a prosodic typology of Swedish intonation", in Riad and Gussenhoven, Eds., Tones and Tunes, 2007